The Balt-Slavish tungs are a bond of Baltish and Slavish tungs, itself being a child-bond of the Indo-Europish tungs . They are spoken in sundry countries of Middle and Eastern Europe. The Balt-Slavish tungs are thought to have come from an Or-tung named Or-Balt-Slavish, which is thought to have been a strongly wordbending tung, like most of the Balt-Slavish tungs spoken today.
Speechcraft[edit | edit source]
As said above, the Balt-Slavish tungs are strongly wordbending, meaning that words get sundry endings to show meaning.
Namewords, in most of these tungs, have six to seven falls and bend to show their fall and tally. They are also split into three kinds: manly, womanly and middlish. The nameword's kind is shown by the ending of the word and the way namewords are bent to show their speechcraftish fall and tally is settled by their kind. Earlier, Balt-Slavish tungs had three tallys: onefold, twofold and morefold, but today only the Slovenish tung has kept the twofold tally (žena "wife", dve ženi "two wives", tri žene "three wives"). The Lithuish tung had it until the 20th yearhundred, when it fell out of speech. Many tungs, however, have kept overliving leftovers of the twofold tally, like Polish (rękoma and rękami both mean "with hands", but the first one is the old twofold tally, whereas the latter is the true plural). It should also be said that most Balt-Slavish tungs change to the whosefall (English: genitive case) at higher tallies.
Deedwords change to show sway (English: person), time, mood and behaving (English: aspect), of which there are usually two, the doing-behaving (Latinish: imperfectivus) and the done-behaving (Latinish: perfectivus). Here, some times and moods are shown with helper words, but most are shown with word endings. As with namewords, the endings for doing-words are most often one-of-a-kind for each mix of sway, time and mood, which makes these tungs even harder for learners than they already are. The behaving is shown by a tangled working of word beginnings, endings and shifts within the word roots themselves; in Slavish languages, this is far-reaching for the time of the word.