|This leaf is now undergoing building work.
This leaf is always going through an overhaul for a full oversetting from Old English.
Here is the oversetting of the leeth 'Hild at Maldon', writ betwixt the 10th and 11th-yearhundreds. It is a bethoughtening of the Hild at Maldon in the year 991, at which a hild was fought between the wikings and Anglo-Saxons, with a win for the Wikings. Although the brimmen won this hild and not the Saxons, the leeth is meant to bring from . Sadly, the beginning and ending lines were lost in the Seedwool Bookhouse fire of 1731, making it so that shares of the leeth are missing.
Afore reading, know that this yeed hath manywords, , and in order to not steer away from the Old English. Here are the most wont olden words found in this leeth:
tho: an oldenof the (<ME tho/tha, cf. OE þā)
Bynames such as thou, thy, and ye
the while that/the while the: for as long as
To may be used in an older sundering.
...should it be broken.
The men were given hest to forlet their horses
and farthem, then the men forthwent,
on hands, and in good .
When Offan's kinsmen, first
the earl willed, was not,
he let then, from his hands, his beloved
hawk fly mid the, and went to the hild.
By that man might know, that thewilled not
to weaken at wye, when he to weapons took.
Eadric willed to his elder, a
at fighting; thus, he began then to
histo . He had good
the while that he mid hands, could hold a
and broadsword, he would
his troth when he needed to fight before his frea.
Then there Byrhtnoth began, and berns were;
riding and, he taught
how they should stand, and how the stead should be held
and bid that theirbe held rightly
fast mid, and bid them be frightened not.
When he had the folk fairly trimmed,
he lit then mid lede, where he loved the most
where he, his, held wist.
Then stood on the, sternly clept
the wiking's, and words were spoken.
He then abode a boastfulerrand
to the earl, where he on thestood:
"I was sent to thee, byseaman,
Iyou say, that thou must send rathly
s burg, and better it would be
for you that thisbe mid
then that we such hard hild deal.
Need not we spill ourselves, if yeenough;
we will mid the gold, fasten.
If thouthat, who here richest art,
that thou thy lede, will lease,
give seamen, on themselves,
fee mid frith, andfrith from us,
we will mid tho, gang ourselves to ships,
onto thewe fare, and you will hold frith."
Byrhtnoth, board heaved,
wanded the weak ash-spear, words were made,
and , gave him back answer:
"Hearest thou, seafarer, what this folk sayeth?
They are willing to
the, for you at hild nay .
Say to thy... a much more
That here stands, an earl mid his ,
they willthis ethel,
Æthelred’s eard, mine elders,
folk and. Fall shall the
heathens at hild! Toome thinketh
that ye mid ourto ships gang
unbefought, now that ye have come so far hither
on our. Nay must ye so softly
get our; we shall give and edge,
ere, grim guth-play,
Hethen, shield bearing, tho berns went
that they on the flood-bank, all stood.
water, one werd to the other;
there came flowing flood after ebb tide,
locked them. They thought it too long
before they together, bore their geirs.
There they stood at Pante's stream, midbestanding
East-Saxish, and the .
None of them couldeach other,
one, through flight, fell.
The flood went out.stood .
Hethe to hold the bridge.
A wye-hardened wyeman, who was hight Wulfstan,
mid his kin; that was Ceola's son,
mid his, he ofshot the first man
who there boldly onto the bridge stepped.
There stood mid Wulfstan wyemen,
Ælfhere and Maccus, twoones,
who willed not toat the ford,
but they fastly,the fiend had ,
the while that theywield weapons.
When they that, and saw ,
that they found bitterly the bridge-werd,
they bid if they might have free upgang
and fare over the ford leading.
Then the Earl gan, from his,
land to the loathed thede.
Then began his calling over cold water,
Byrhtelm's bairn, (berns listened):
"now you are; come to us,
to guth. Only God
who mote wield the."
Waded tho(they not water),
the wiking werd, west over Pante,
overwater, shields ,
to land, shields borne.
There they stoodagainst tho ones,
Bryhtnoth mid berns; he mid
a , and the werd held fast fiends.
Then was fought nearat . The tide had come
that there,man should fall.
There was a. Ravens winded,
yearned food. A was on earth.
- The rest will be overset soon enough.
board havened (he was an old),
He full boldly besought the:
‘shall be harder,
mood shall be more,
Here lies our elder,
a good man on grit.
he that now wends from this wig-play,
from it I will not,
but I may be by the half of my lord,
by so loved men,
who lie in thought.
So they on Æthelgeir's... all built,
Godric to guth.
Oft his geir was forlet,
wal-spear wind on the wikings,
so he on those folk,
hue and hind,
oth-that he at hild fell.
Nay was that not the Godric... who the guth forbore.