The Anglish Moot

Staff E of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Friesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


Staffs under English Wordbook/E:

Ea Eb Ec Ed Ee Ef Eg Eh Ei Ej Ek El Em En Eo Ep Eq Er Es Et Eu Ev Ew Ex Ey Ez

*Note: If you click on one of the links above, and nothing happens, then that means no words have been put forth for that bookstaff as of yet.

Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested


eager adj earnest, keen, hungry, yearning, yearnsome -
eagle n earn -
earphone(s) n headset, earbud(s) (<OE budd, “beetle”), earspeaker(s) -
ease n lightheartedness eath (Scots)
ease vb smoothen -
easy adj smooth, downhill, hands-down, light, not hard, eathy onefold, eath (<OE ieþe)
eau de cologne n rosewater settingwater (calque). duft, Kölnwater
eau de parfum n rosewater duft, ilmwater (cf. Ic Ilmvatn)
eau de toilette n rosewater duft, cride water


ebony adj/n blackwood -
ebullition n outburst, flare-up, blowup, frothing -


eccentric adj odd, far-out, crazy, kooky, offbeat, off-the-wall, outlandish, queer, way-out, weird, wild sparky
eccentric n odd sunderling (cf. Du. zonderling, NHG Sonderling)
ecclesiastical adj churchly, church -
echelon n rung -
echo n - witherclank, backwave, witherwave, woodmare, windmare (<OE wudu-mær, windu-mær)
lesser saying/doing again: wannabe, shadow
verb: send back, wave back
eclipse vb/n hide, darken, outshine (does not mean “eclipse!”) overshadowing, forshadowing, fullhiding
ecology n wonelore (Like Ice. vistfræði, <OE roots)
economics n trade, dealing, husbandry, stewardship wealthlore
economy n wealthdom, stewardship, thrift, -

ecosystem n living earth lifeweb, lifeworld
ecstacy n thrill
ecstatic adj athrill, upbeat, beside oneself, blissful overthrilled
ectoplasm n - evilslime, evilscum, witch’s slime/mud, nicorslime, nitheslime


edda n hoard, book, lore; greatmother weth (<OE woþ), lorebook
edible adj eating, fit to eat, well eaten, “good eats” eatsome, eatskilled, eatworthy
edifice n building, house outwork (<OE geweorc)
edify vb build up, bulwark, bolster intimber (<OE intimbrian)
edifying adj teaching, uplifting, mindworthy, bolstering -
edit vb comb, rake, comb through, rake through, work over bework (cf. Du. bewerken), by-draft, write, work through, wend
edition n combing, raking, utttering (“publication,” OED), output, cast, stock outlaying
issue: begiving
editor n - scriptleader (cf. NHG Schriftleiter)
educate vb teach, lear (<OE læran, cf. Du. leren, NHG lehren) atee, tee (<OE ateon; cf. NHG erziehen), NHG lehren)
educated adj learned, well read, well taught -
education n learning, teaching, book-learning lorecraft, lore, bewising, upbuilding, bilthing (cf. NHG Bildung)
educator n teacher, loreman, lore keeper, upbuilder teer (cf. NHG Erzieher), lorer
educe vb outbring, outdraw, draw out, bring out, hand down the lore bespell


-ee sfx -end, -ling, -ed -der (<OE -þor)


effect n aftermath, backwash, outcome, fallout, upshot; mark, sway fremming; fremendes (<OE effect)
effective adj handy, good, winning overtful
effectuate v bring about, win out frem
effeminate adj womanlike, womanly, unmanly, weak; bottom (vulgar) she-like, underlyer
effervescent adv fizzy, bubbling, bubbly, lively, frothing, -
efficacious adj handy, working, winning winful
efficacy n handiness winfulness, workingness (cf. NHG Wirksamkeit)
effort n swink, sweat, while, work onstrength, onstronging (cf. NHG Anstrengung, Du. inspanning, Sw. ansträngning, and others), elbow fat
effrontery n shamelessness, brazenness -


e.g. abbr. - f.b., 'for busen' or 'for byspel' (cf. NHG z.B., zum Beispiel)
egg (<ON) n ey -
ego n bighead, pride, stuffed shirt

psychology: self, I (cf. Greek))

egocentric adj selfish, self-bemiddled, stuffed shirt -
egoïsm n selfishness, self-worship, shirt-stuffing self-mindedness
egotistic adj bigheaded, overweening, proud, stuck-up, boastful, self-worshiping, selfish self-minded
egregious adj gross, striking -
egressive adj outflowing; crapped out, crappy; leaking, dripping; leaching -
Egyptian adj - Egyptish (<OE Egyptisċ)


ejaculate vb spout, toss, cast out; jizz (slang), cum/come (slang, vulgar) indrive (<OE indrífan); outseed
eject vb cast out, kick out, throw out, turf out -


elaborate adj spelled out; thorough, thought through swotel, overwrought
elastic adj rubbery, springy, stretchy, stretching, whippy stretchingly
elate vb uplift, stir up, gladden -
elect vb choose, wale forechoose (cf. Du. verkiezen), will (<PIE welh₁-, "to choose, wish", same root with wale), cure (<OE cyre, "choice, choosing, free will")
election n choosing; the wale corenness, chosenness (cf. OE corennes)

curewale, curewill

elector n fyrstin (or firstin), waler, willer, curer
electorate n fyrstinship/firstinship, waledom, waleship, cureship, curedom
electric adj - sparkalne, sparkly, sparkwork (an electrician is often called a 'sparky'), glarum (<OE glærum ... dat. pl. for amber), thunderwork, thundery, stream-, streamfed
electricity n - alneflow (alne, “energy” OED), alnestream; streamwork, streaming; sparkflow,sparkstream, lightflow, wattflow, thunderflow, thundermight, thundersprack, ghostfire (Ic.), Faraday's candle; lightkin.
electron n - lightbit, sparkling, sparkmote

amberling, glarumod (glarum+od ... see talk)

electronic adj - lightfed; sparklingly, sparkmotely, sparkworkish
elegant(ce) n/adj trim(ness), handsome smicker (<OE smicer)
elephant n tusker elp, armnoser, limbnoser
elevate vb lift, lift up, uppen, hoist, heave up, raise aloofen, aheave (<OE āhebban and <ME ahebben)
elevation n height, loftiness, heaving -
elevator n lift -
elite n best, top-notch (social elite:) swelldom, toprank
elite adj picky athel-like
ellipse n - ringshadow, wheelshadow
ellipsis n - outlettingtoken (cf. NHG Auslassungszeichen; may also mean apostrophe), belettelsetoken (cf. Du. beletselteken), throughdots (cf. Du. doorlooppuntjes), threedot
elocution n - talecraft (OE talu; this would mean “the art of story-telling”); speechcraft, uttercraft
elongate vb lengthen, stretch -
eloquent adj silver-tongued, well-spoken quedle (<OE cwedol), wordskilled (cf. NHG wortgewandt)
eloquence n - wordskillness, wellspokenness


emaciated adj weak, worringly thin, bare-boned. -
emaciation n - bare-bonedness
email n/vb - wirewrit
emanate vb cast, give out, send out; out wave outstreal (cf. NHG ausstrahlen)
emasculate vb unman -
embarrass vb shame; faze -
embassy n sent men, errand men; tidings, news
embassy (house) n - sentmenhouse, errandhouse; tidingshouse, newshouse
embody vb inbody, inflesh -
embrace vb fathom, hug befathom (< OE befæþman), umbclip (<OE ymbclippan)
embroidery n needlework, needlecraft -bleecraft (OE)
emerald adj/n - greenhurst, high-green
emerge vb come up, crop up, spring up kythe, forthkythe
emigrant n - outgoer, outwanderer
eminence n height, hill, knoll, link, mound, barrow, hurst, down, wold -
emissary n - sentman (Ice. sendiman); offsent (cf. NHG Abgesandte)
emit vb spout; forthsend, give out, send out, shine, give off, outsend -
emotion n stirring, feeling; warmth, white heat -
emotional adj stirring, heartfelt; overwrought, worked up -
emotional attention adj "sad-fishing" - the practice of writing about one's unhappiness or emotional problems on social media, especially in a vague way, in order to attract attention and sympathetic responses.
empathy n fellow-feel, samefeel -
emperor n kaser (OED); king of kings, head, overking highking (cf. Manx ard-ree), highwield (wield < OE walda), caser (<OE), overlord, highcaser (<OE), coaser (<OE)
emphasize vb underscore, highlight -
empire n - richdom (<OE ricedom, cf. OHG rihhituom), anweald (<OE), rich, caserdom; overdom; thedeness (<GOT þiudinassus 𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌹𐌽𐌰𐍃𐍃𐌿𐍃)
empiricism n - fandlieving
employ vb hire, hight, enthrall; own -
employee n underling, hireling, worker, staff, knave, churl, thrall, henchman, hightman -
employer n hirer heerman (“captain,” order giver), workgiver (cf. Du. werkgever, Af. werkgewer)
employment n - hiring, swinkhood, thralldom
empress n - highqueen (cf. Manx ard-venrein), casern (<OE)
emulate vb ape, poppinjay, follow after; underfollow -
emulsion n forblending, waterbutter -


en- pref

in-,  be-

umb-, um-
enable vb let, allow; strengthen -
endow vb bequeath, give an income
enact vb belaw; hight umdo
enchant vb spellbind; wile, bewitch, hex bewile
enchantment n bliss; spell, witchcraft, hex bewiling
enchantress n witch hexwoman
encircle vb begird, beclip, beset, gird, gird about, enring, inring, ring about, loop umwreathe, umring (cf. NHG umringen); set aring, bering, enbee (bee = “circle”)

umbgird (<OE ymbgyrdan)

enclose vb bound, enfold, enwrap, impound, pen, hedge, hem in, wall in umbfold, umbgo (<OE ymbgān and <ME umbegōn)
enclosure n haw, pen, paddock, field, yard, earth -
encode vb overset; bestave -
encompass vb hold, deal with, take in; ring, girdle inwreath, umhold, bethring (<OE beþringan), belouk (<ME Bilouketh), umbgo (<OE ymbgān and <ME umbegōn)
encounter vb meet, go against; live through, undergo -
encourage vb stouten, strengthen, bolster, give heart to, hearten on, mood on, foster, upprop, help, egg on, goad, spur, will on bield (<OE bieldan), alne (OED), beborough (fortify)
encouragement n - stoutening, alne (OED)
encroachment n overstep, inroads overstepping
encumber vb block, burden, hinder, weigh down, hold back, tie up -
encumbrance n burden, hindering, faltering -
encyclopedia / encyclopaedia n - allkennbook (Nynorsk: alkunnebok), worldkenning, wisdombook (<OE wīsdōmbōc), all-lore, upslagwork (Swedish: uppslagsverk), upslagbook (Swedish: uppslagsbok)
encyclopedic / encyclopaedic n all-in, in-depth, thorough all-lorish, all-knowing
endeavor / endeavour vb undertake, seek -
endeavor / endeavour n undertaking ettel
endoplasmic reticulum n - lifebrick net, lifebrick web, inmould net
endorse vb stamp, back up
endow vb gift; underwrite, give indow
endowment n knack, gift life-gift
endure vb last, hold out, abear, withstand, undergo, bear, keep on, put up with, hold through, stand through, bear through dree (<OE drēogan), thole, raven (<OE ræfnian)

overstand (<OE oferstandan and akin to NHG überstehen)

endurance n strength, alne, doggedness; lastingness throughholding, throughbearing, throughstanding, ever-abidingness
enduring n ever-abidibg
enemy n foe, fiend


energy n alne (OED), fire; work, flow, beans, drive

feel energetic: feel one's oats

alne, caveness (<OE cāfnes), fromship (<OE framscipe) dodrive, inwork (calque), spring, go, might, workfire
enervate vb unman, weaken, unsettle, faze body-drain, unalne
enforce vb helmstand, wield -
engaged adj working, busy, tied up; betrothed, pledged
engine n craft; means, gearwork, burner -
engineer n wright, sarrow wright (“miracle” or technology-designer), craftsman -
enigma n riddle, brain-teaser -
enjoy vb brook neat (akin the NHG Geniessen)
enjoyment n wen; fun, gladness, happiness brooking (<OE brucan), neeting (<OE neotan, cf. NHG genießen)
enlarge vb swell, greaten, biggen -
en masse adv in bulk -
enmity n hatred, bitterness fiendship (<OE feondscipe and akin to NHG Feindschaft)
ennui n boredom, tiredness wanfeeling
enrich vb make wealthy, richen ("rich" was semantically influenced by French, but from a native Germanic root) wealy (<OE weligian "to enrich", derived from welig "rich, wealthy")
enrichment n - wealying (see above)
en route phrase on the way -
ensnare vb grin (obsolete or dialectal, <OE noun grin akin to grīn "snare") swarl
ensue vb follow, come after -
ensure vb see to it sicker (Eng., calque of Ger. speeches)

sickerstell, sickerput, sickermake (calque of all Ger. speeches) (see stell)


vb go into, come into, step into, begin, in fare
data entry: key in, input
ingo, intread, betread (calque of Ger. speeches)
enterprise n business, undertaking; readiness, get-up-and-go, goey undernimming
enterprising n goey -
entertainer n player, skald
enthusiasm n white heat; keenness, warmth, thrill lustfulness,
entice vb draw to, spur, goad, wheedle, sweet talk forlead (<OE forlǽdan, cf. NHG verleiten)
entire adj whole, full; sound, unharmed, without a scratch -
entirely adv fully, thoroughly, outright, wholly, altogether -
entirety n whole, fullness -
entitle vb let, brook (not to be confused with brook as in used), give right, have right bid (opposite of forbid), aleave (<OE aliefan), bename (cf. NHG betitelen)
entitled adj upstart, highbrow, overbearing, high-handed, full of oneself, above oneself, (slang terms) stuck-up, snooty, hoity-toity, uppity, uppish, big-headed, high and mighty, la-di-da -
entitled adj (p.p.) named, called, yclept, ycleped (poetic), deemed hote (<OE hatan)
entrail n innard -
entrance n key, doorway, in faring, ingang, way in inway
vb bewitch, spellbind -
entrap (non-Germanic prefix) vb forset trap in
entrepreneur n business(wo)man, undertaker -
entry n way in, gateway, ingang inway
enumerate vb - tell out (cf. NLG uttellen, NHG auszählen), sum up
enunciate vb say sharply, speak sharply, utter sharply speak out (cf. NHG aussprechen)
envelop vb shroud, wrap, hide, swaddle bewrap, overfathom (<OE oferfaðman), bebind (<ME bebīnden)
envelope n - kite (US prison slang), wrapper, wordholder, mailholder
envious adj - evestful, andy (<OE andig)

nitheful (<OE nīþfull)

environment n setting umworld or umbworld (cf. NHG umwelt), umsetting
environmental adj - umwordly or umbworldly (cf. NHG umweltlich)
environmentalist n greenmonger
environmentally-friendly travel vb - greenfleet
envision vb foretell, foresee mindsee
envoy n sent one, spokes(wo)man sent (cf. Du gezand, NHG Gesandter), offsent, sent off (cf. Du afgezand, NHG Abgesandter)
envy vb want evest (<OE æfest), ondy (jealous), benithe, nithe
envy n - nithe (<OE nīþ ), onde, havelust, seething for


eon n - thrisandyear (astronomy), (rhetorical) everyear, evertide


ephemeral adj fleeting, short-lived dwimmerly, dwimmerlike
ephemeris n - tunglebook, starbook
epic n/adj adj: lofty, high-flown heleth(<OE hæleþ)
epicenter n - heart, middleord
epididymis n - byhoath, overhoath
epiglottis n - throatlid (cf. NHG Kehldeckel), overtongue (cf. Greek)
epilepsy n falling sickness -
epilog n afterword, afterthought endspeech, endwrit, aftertale, last words, end tale


equal adj even, alike, same, evenworthy, sameworthy, samehood evenly (<OE efenlīc and <ME ē̆venlich)
equal n match -
equality n fairness; sameness, alikeness, evenness, likeness -
equanimity n steadiness evenmood
equate vb match, even up; offset, liken -
equator n - evener (cf. Fr. evener, Du. evenaar), girdle, midring, burning-line, heat-belt
equatorium n - stargirdler, starlengthreckoner
equidistant adj midway, evenfar -
Equestrian adj/n horsemanship, horse-riding horselandish, horselanding, horselinglandish
equine n/adj steed, horse, stot adj: horsely
equinology n horselore
equinox n - evennight (<OE efenniht)
equip vb bedight, graith, (be)gear, fit (out), gear up, outfit, rig up, beweapon rust/ rist (<OE hyrstan)
equipment n gear, graith outrysting (cf. NHG Ausrüstung, Du. uitrusting)
equitable adj evenhanded -
equivalent adj - likeworthy (cf. NHG gliechwertig), samewise, evenworth


era n time, eld -
eradicate vb wipe out forspill, naughten, uplock (<OE úpálúcan), uproot, wipe out
erase vb rub out, root out, wipe out unmark
eraser n rubber -
erect n/vb upright, rear, set up, lift up aheave (<OE ahebban)
erection n 1. building 2. hardon, boner 1. uprighting
ergo conj/adv therefore, thus, forthy (att'd <OE for + thy, the instrumental form of the article) -
ergonomic adj body-friendly -
erinacine n hedgehog -
eritrocyte n - red bloodmote
ermine n stoat, short-tailed weasel northern weasel
erode vb begnaw gnaw away
erotic adj lovely, lewd, teasing -
err vb wander dwole (<OE dwolian, cf Du dwalen)
erratic adj wild-willed, wild-witted -
error n dwale, wrong, slip, slip-up, mistake dwole (<OE dwola), dwoleship (<OE dwolscip)

dwild (<OE dwild)

erupt vb flare up, blow up, break out, burst out -
eruption n outburst, outbreak -


escape n breakout, flight, getaway, slip, dodging, ducking, shunning leaping out, outleaping, other -ing from below
escape vb break out, break free, flee, run off, shun, weasel out of withfare (<OE wiþfaran), othshake (<OE oþscacan), (<OE losian), othshoot (<OE oþsceotan), othrun (<OE oþrinnan), aturn (<OE ætiernan), atlimp (<OE ætlimpan), outleap (<OE oþléapan), atfare (<OE ætfaran)

by rowing: outrow (<OE oþrowan)

by swimming: outswim (<OE oþswimman)

escape pod n - fleepod
esophagus n weasand swallowtharm (cf. Du. slokdarm)
especially adv namely, moreso, above all hure (<OE huru), sundrily (cf. OE syndriglice), besunderly (cf. NHG besonders, Du. in het bijzonder)
espionage n - sleuthcraft
essence n nub, heart, kernel, pith, being, whatness, broth, selfhood wist (<OE), selfship
essential adj key, foremost -
essentially adv/phr mostly, all but, all-in-all, as good as, as much as, mainly, at heart, in itself, on the whole, utterly, well-nigh, wholly, soundly, -
establish vb build, begin, settle, install, set up, staddle beground (cf. NHG begründen)
established adj longstanding, staddled, well-grounded begrounded (cf. NHG begründet)
establishment n body, steadiness, staddling steadihood
establishment (the) n - 'the establishment" : 'the topside'
estate n grounds, landholding ethel
esteem vb worthen aughten (<OE eahtian, cf. Du./NHG achten)
estimate n guessing; guesswork; reckoning shatting, shetting (cf. Du. schatten, NHG schätzen, Sw. skatta), upshatting, upshetting (Sw. uppskattning)
estimate vb guess; reckon shat, shet (cf. Du. schatten, NHG schätzen, Sw. skatta), upshat, upshet (cf. Sw. uppskatta)
Estonia n - Estland (<ME ēstland)
estuary n mouth, firth, inlet -
esurient adj hungry, greedy -


et al.(ia) phr and others -
et cetera/etcetera phr and so on, and so forth, and the like, and others, and what-not -
eternal adj ay, everlasting -
eternal life n The Afterworld the after-grave
ether n - swail (<OE swegl)
ethic n/adj straight, upright n: lief-walk
ethmoid bone n - sievebone
ethnology n - folklore
etymology n rootlore, wordlore (has a broader meaning than rootlore.) wordlore, Ableitung (German for "derivation")


eu- n - good-, bet- ("good" <PG *bataz, cf. "better," "best), well- (cf. NHG wohl-)
eukaryote n - wholelifebit, wholekerneling (cf. Ic. "heilkjörnungar")
euphemism n - gilded words, mellowword, fairwording, welltalk (eu- "good" + pheme "talk")
euphonic adj wellclinking, wellclang (cf. NHG wohlklang)
euphoria n good-feeling well-at-burden
eureka n - archhurray (cf. H Ic. proposal 'archhurray,' found here )
euthanasia n - death-choosing, willful death, smoothdeath


evacuate vb empty, empty out, drain -
evade vb dodge, sidestep -
evaluate vb - bedeem, bereckon, beworthen, think over, weigh up, look carefully at, sift through
evaluation n reckoning bedeeming (cf. Dn. bedømme), bereckoning, beworthening, worthreckoning, worthening
evangel n gospel -
evangelist n gospeler, sendling -
evangelization n gospeling
evaporate vb dry up, become wind, become loft outsteam (cf. Du. uitdampen), forsteam (cf. NHG verdampfen, Du. verdampen), forfly (cf. Du. vervliegen), yeathem (<OE ġeæðmian, to raise vapor)
eve n Dawn-woman, The Earth Mother or First Mother
event n happening, hap, befall; show -
eventually adv in time, in the end, at last outendly ( cf. Du. uiteindelijk), endly
evidence n word, witness, truth of bewise (cf. NHG. Beweis, Du. bewijs)
evident adj abere sweatle (<OE sweotol), couthly (<OE cuthlic)
evidently adv - aberely, eyeshinely (cf. NHG augenscheinlich, Du. ogenschijnlijk), selfstandingly
evince vb bespeak, give away becouthe
evocative adj mindful eftminding
evoke vb awake, call up, bring to mind, stir up eftmind, beswear (cf. NHG beschwören)
evolution n unfolding forblowing
evolutionary adj unfolding forblowing
evolve vb grow, unfold, bloom forblow


ex– pref fore-, out- ere-
exact adj right, full narrowkiry (cf. Du. nauwkeurig), ynauw (<OE ge- + hnēaw, cf. NHG genau)
exactly adv rightly, fully narrowkirily
exaggerate vb overplay, overdo overdrive (cf. NHG übertreiben, Du. overdrijven, Sw. överdriva, and others)
exaggeration n - overblowing, whid, overdriving, overplay, overdoing
exalt vb uplift, heighten aheave (<OE ahebban), hee (<OE héan)
examine vb go over, con underseek, underseech (<OE, NHG untersuchen, Du. onderzoeken, also in regards to beseech)
example n byword bisen (<OE bysen), byspel(<OE bispell and akin to NHG Beispiel)
model: forebilthe, bilthe (<NHG. vorbild), showing, showdeal, showoff
example (for) n thus for byspel, for bilthe, for bisen; for showing
exaptation n kludging -
exasperate vb imbitter tire (<OE tirgan)
excavate n delve, unearth, hollow out, dig up -
excavation n delving, unearthing -
exceed vb overrun, overstep, outdo -
excel vb outdo, shine, outshine, overtop in brightness: overlight (<OE oferlīhtan)
in stature: overlyve [pronounced overlaɪv] (<OE oferhlīfian)
excellent adj outstanding, gilt-edged, swell, topping, wonderful highcraft (<OE heáhcræft)
except prep but, other than -
exception n standout, outstander, outtake -
exceptional adj outstanding -
excerpt n - outpull (cf. NHG Auszug), offcut, snippet
excessive adj overmuch, steep, sharp, rank, overdone, too much overdeedy (cf. Du. overdadig)
excessively adv overly, too much, too -
exchange vb swap, wrixle bewrixle (<OE bewrixlan)
excise vb snithe, cut out -
excite vb upedge, thrill, key up upwake, upwind, upstir
excitement n - upstirring
exciting adj thrilling, gripping, spellbinding upstirring
exclamation mark n outrooptoken (cf. NHG ausrufezeichen), outtoken
exclude vb outshut yout (<OE geutian)
excommunicate vb - amanse (<ME amansen)
excoriate vb chide, flay threap
excrement n shit shittle (<OE scytel), queeth (<OE cwead)
excursion n outing -
excuse vb forgive, unguilt, let off the hook, let leave, unburden, free offsake (cf. Ic. afsaka), unshild (cf. NHG entschuldigen, see shild), unwite (<OE wītan), load (<OE lādian), beload (<OE belādian)
excuse n grounds, sake, shield, ward, out unwiting, outfleeing (cf. NHG. Ausflucht), load (<OE lād), beloading (<OE belādung)
ex-directory adj unlisted -
execute vb kill, quell, slay, put to death carry out: eaven (<OE æfnan), lead out, lead through
executioner n halseman hangman, deathman, headsman, headman
exemplar n - template: forelay (cf. NHG vorlagen), foreblithe (cf. NHG vorbild, Du. voorbeeld)
exercise vb/n work out vb: ove (<PG ōbijaną cf. Du. oeveren, NHG üben), n: oving
exert vb put forth, bestir -
exhale vb breathe out athem (<OE æðmian)
exhaust vb overwork, wear out, forspend, tire, drain -
exhausted adj tired, weary, worn out, drained, overtired, work-wearied, fordone, windless, overcome -
exhaustive adj all-out -
exhaustive adj thorough, thoroughgoing groundly (cf. Du. grondig, NHG gründlich)
exhibit vb show -
exhibition n show -
exhume vb dig up, unearth -
exile vb send away, outlaw, blackball, blacklist, banish, cast out -
exile n outcast, outlaw, castaway wraxlithe (<OE wræcslíþ)
exist vb be, live, stand bestand (<OE gestandan; cf. NHG 'bestehen', Du 'bestaan'), forelie (cf. NHG vorliegen)
existence n thingness, beingness, beinghood therehood, wist (<OE wist), being, therebeing (cf. NHG Dasein), therestanding, worldliness
existent adj living, standing bestanding (cf. NHG Bestand), wistsome, forelying (cf. NHG vorliegend)
exit n way out, outway, outgang, outlet outgang (<OE ūtgang)
exit vb leave, move out of, go out, forsake, outlet abandon: forlet (cf. Du. verlaten, NHG verlassen)
exotic vb outlandish -
expand vb broaden, greaten, spread (out), unfold, widen, stretch braid out (cf. Du. uitbreiden)
expanse n spread, reach, broadening outstretching (cf. Du uitgestreking, NHG. ausgestreckung)
expect vb hope for, watch for, foresee, await, wait for ween, awatch, forwatch (cf. Fr ferwachtsje, Du verwatch)
expectation n awaitedness waiting-for (William Tyndale), weening
expectorate vb spit -
expedient n makeshift, stopgap -
expedite vb hurry, quicken -
expedition n outing -
expeditious adj fast, quick, swift, speedy -
expel vb drive out, throw out, cast out fordrive (<OE fordrifann)
expenditure(s) n outgoing(s), dole out(s) -
expenses n overheads, dole outs -
expensive adj dear, dearbought, unthrifty -
experience vb undergo, go through, feel (or "get a feel for") afand, afare, uplive, livedness
experience n feel: ordeal, been-thru-ness, dealing afanding, afaring (cf. NHG Erfahrung)
experienced adj wise, learned, well-read afanded, hired, afared, frood (<OE frōd)
experiment vb fand, bid, seek forseek (cf. NHG versuch)
experiment n fanding, bidding, seeking fanding (cf. OE afundennes), forseeking
experimental adj fanding, bidding, seeking fandly, bidly, seekly, forseeking, forseekly
expert n dab fieldknower (calque)
expertise n know-how, skill, cunning -
expiate vb atone -
expiration date n sell-by -
explain vb spell out, lay out sweetle (<OE sweotolian)
explanation n atelling sweetling (<OE sweotolung)
explicit n outfold -
explode vb blow up, blast, burst -
exploit vb overwork -
explore vb delve, look into rose/roase (<OE rasian), outfare
explorer n pathfinder, foregoer, forerunner, groundbreaker -
explosive n - fireshot, tinderstuff, blasttinder, springstuff, firespringer, burster
explosion n burst, blast blow-up
exponent(iate) n/vb - mightsfold
expose vb nail, show up, unshroud
bare: lay out
outset (German: aussetzen)
exposé n - shendful outlaying
exposition n - outstelling (cf. NHG ausstellung)
expound vb flesh out -
express vb utter, say, word, speak out one's feelings: thrutch out/outthrutch (cf. NHG ausdrücken), put out, lay out

atell (<OE ātellan and <ME atellen)

expression n - uttering; swettling; sainess, sayness (<OE gesegnes, cf Du. gezegde)
expressive adj well spoken, thoughtful, outspoken -
expropriate vb - unown (cf. NHG enteignen)
exsolve vb unmix -
exsolution n - unmixing (cf. NHG Entmischung)
extant adj lasting, still-living, still being, still going, keeping on -
extend vb lengthen braid out (cf. Du. uitbreiden), awiden (cf. NHG erweitern)
extend for vb span -
extension n furthering -
extensive adj broad, deep, far-reaching, fulsome, far-flung, wide, widespread, lengthy -
extensively adv fulsomely, wholesale -
extent n length, breadth -
exterior n/adj adj: outer; n: shell, outside -
exterminate vb wipe out -
external adj outward, outer -
extinct adj dead, gone, lost, died out -
extinction n death, doom, knell
extinguish vb douse, put out, quench aquench (<OE ácwencan), adretch (cf. OE ádrysnan)
extort vb atread (<OE atredan)
extra- preff- - beyond
extra adj spare, more, more other(s), more else, othermore -
extra marital affair n wedbreach, bedswerve -
extra time n overtime -
extract vb take out, draw out, pull out, pluck, unearth, harvest, worm out outdraw (kinword)
extraordinary adj amazing, outstanding, dazzling, astounding, awesome


extrapolate v draw out -
extraterrestrial adj otherworldly farlander, beyond-earthly
extravagance n wanthrift -
extreme adj utmost outermost (IE cognate)
extrinsic adj outborn, outly -
extrovert adj backslapper, glad-hander outgoer (cf. Eng. outgoing)
extroverted adj outgoing -
exuberant adj outgoing, sparkling -
exultation n glee highting (<OE hyhting)
exuviate vb shed, cast off, slough -


eye socket n - eye-ring