Staff H of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Freesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Chancery English

Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
haberdasher n sew-ware
habit n trend, wont, wone, thew, wontedness wonehood (cf. NHG Gewohnheit), rote (ME, origin unknown)
háček n - hookling
hadron n - strongmote
hafnium n - havenstuff
hagiography n - holilore, holglore (< OE halga)
hallelujah interj - herrigod, herriya (calque of Hebrew)
hallucination n - smoke and glass, sightmad
halophile n salt-loving, salt-friendly -
hamate bone n - hookbone
hammock n hangmat -
hamlet n hem, thorpe/thorp/dorp, wick, town, whistle-stop hemling, ham
haptic suit (VR) n aped handling, handlewear
harass vb harry, bother, stalk, taw, harrow -
harmonica n mouth harp -
harmony n bond, overlay, like-mindedness, togetherness

est (OE), evenheartness (< OE efenheortnes)
of voices: evenleether (< OE efenhlēoðor), leethering (< OE hlēoðorung)

harness vb inspan -
harpsichord n - harpstring
harpy eagle n - king's hawk (Port. calque of gavião-real)
hashish n - hemptar
haste n speed snellness
haunt vb hound, stalk, ghost, lurking -
have in common vb share, fellowship evendeal (< OE efenġedæl)
having a good voice adj having a good steven (OED steven = voice) wellstemned (< OE welġestemned)
headphone(s) n headset, earspeaker(s) headspeaker, headswan, earset, earswan
hectare n - hundreder
heir, heiress n scion, scioness erve (< OE ierfa, cf. NHG Erb)

f: ervin

helicopter n eggbeater, whirlybird bladewing (airship), whirlwing, spinning-vanes
thyrl (<Ic.), liftspinner (< NHG Hubschrauber)
heliology n sunlore
heliotrope n - silewharve ( < OE sigelhweorfe)
helium n - sunstuff
helix n writhe, twist double: twofold writhe
helmet n helm grime, beadgrime
hemi- pref half-, sam-, sand-, some- -
hemicircle n - halfring, samring
hemisphere n - halfball
hen coop n henhouse -
hepatitis n liver-sickness -
heptagon n - sevenside
herb n grass, shrub, wort croud (< PG krūdą, cf. NHG Kraut)
herbal (book) n - wortbook
herbicide n weedkiller -
herbivore n - grass-eater, wort-eater
heresy n - dwild (< OE dwild), trewleaseness (< OE tréowléasnes)
heritage n bequest, birthright yerve (< OE ierfe; cf. NHG Erbe)
hermaphrodite n - beddle, newhalf, scrat, scrit, manwoman
hermit n loner lonesettler (cf. NHG Einsiedler)

hero(ïne)

n white hat

heleth(in) (< OE hæleð, cf. NHG Held), hield (<OE hildewulf "hero")

noble: bearn (< OE beorn),

heroïc deed n - ellenwork (< OE ellenweorc)
heroïsm n doughtiness helethdom (cf. NHG Heldentum)
herpes n tetter -
hesitate vb dither swither
heterogeneous adj mixed -
heterosexual n straight witherdrawn, andlover, andluster
heterosexuality n - andlove, andlust, andkind (cf. Far. samkynd)
hexagon n - sixside
hiatus n gap, break -
hibernal adj wintry
hibernate vb winter, overwinter -
hibiscus n rosemellow -
hick n redneck, hillbilly -
hicksville n backtown -
hideous adj awful, dreadful, evil, foul, fulsome, loathsome, sickening, ugly unfair, uncomely, litless (< OE wliteleas)
hierarchy n ladder -
Hinduism n - Vedidom, Hindudom, Indom, Aytrothdom/Aydharmadom (Hind. Sanātana dharma (सनातन धर्म)), Veditrothdom
hippopotamus n - eahorse (O.E. ea:river & horse ); nicor (Sweet's Students A-S Dict)
histology n - lifebricklore, (life)thrumlore (Ar. علم الأنسجة)
historian n - sheedteller (< OE gescēode + teller), ashiftwriter, ashiftly writer (cf. NHG Geschichtsschreibung), happenwriter (cf. Du. geschiedschrijving)
historic adj - sheedly (cf. NHG Geschichtlich)
historical adj bygone ashiftly (cf. NHG geschichtlich), happenlorely (cf. Du. geschiedkundig)
historiographic(al) adj - ashiftwritingly (cf. NHG Geschichtsschreibung), happenwritingly (cf. Du. geschiedschrijving)
historiography n - ashiftwriting, ashiftly writing (cf. NHG Geschichtsschreibung), happenwriting (cf. Du. geschiedschrijving)
history n yore, yesteryear, timeline, background

ashift (cf. NHG Geschichte), stear (< OE stǣr), eretide, life tale, asheede, sheede (< OE gescēode, cf. NHG Geschichte), happenness (cf. Du. geschiedenis), haplore (cf. Du. geschiedkunde), forline ( < WFris. ferline)

ancient: firnmind (< OE fyrnġemynd)

hodiernal adj - tidely
holocaust n burn-all, rain of fire, scorched earth, wildfire, death, slaughter, bloodbath allburn, firerain, menburning, flamingtown, firewar, earthscorch, Roufrithsoned Engliſh: Alkindening
hologram n - woven build
homage n - manred < OE manræden (man- + -ræden, suffix used to refer to 'condition', 'state')
homicide n murder, manslaughter -
homily n chestnut lorespell (< OE lárspell), teaching-spell, folklore (< OE folclar, after the Grk 'homilos,' 'crowd')
homogenous adj samewise, kindred stemling, stemsharing
homophobia n - samelovefear, samelustfear, samekindlovefear, samekindlovefear, samelovehate, samelusthate, samekindlovehate, samekindlusthate
homosexual n bender, swish, queer, samelover, sameluster, samekindlover
homosexuality n - samelove, samelust, samekind (cf. Far. samkynd), samekindlust, queerness, fagness
honest adj truthful, upright, forthright, full, open, becoming, frank lutter (< OE hlutor)
honesty n truthfulness, forthrightness; lutterness
hono(u)r n uprightness, mensk

ore (< OE ár), deemworthing (< OE dómweorðung), indryght (< OE indryhtu), tire (< OE tír),

worthfulness, worthing, worthliness, worthmind, worthness, worthship (< OE), mind's-worth

ornament: gling (< OE gleng)

greatness, distinction, celebrity: mearness (< OE mǽrnes)

seat of: thrimseld (< OE þrymseld), thrimsettle (< OE þrymsetl)

special: sunderworthing (< OE sundorweorðung)

hono(u)r vb worthy, mensk mather (< OE mǽðrian), mear (< OE mǽran), mearse (< OE mǽrsian), o(u)ver (< OE uferian), stepe (< OE stépan), breme (< OE gebréman), meed (< OE gemedemian), ore (< OE geárian), oreworth (< OE geárweorðian), worth (< OE weorðian)
honourable adj upright, upstanding, mensk oreworthy, orely (cf. NHG ehrlich)
hooligan n rough neck -
hope of a ressurection n - aristhyght (< OE æristhyht)
horde n throng -
horizon n skyline skyedge; skyfoot, skysill
horizontal adj - flatways, flatwise, warp
hormone adj - spur
horology n - timekeeping seercraft
horrible adj awful, dreadful, fearful, frightful, ghastly, grim, grisly, gruesome, hair-raising, scary

lathsome, gruring, hettely (< OE heteliċ)

grireful

horrify vb scare, frighten, afear affright
horror n awe, dread, fear, fright grire (< OE gryre), attle (<OE atoland <ME ātel )
horror fiction n - Dread-devil books/writing "A reader of old dread-devil and dread-death books" 2. creepshow (movie).
horrible adj attlely (<OE atollīc and <ME atelīch)
horticulture n - wortcraft
hospice n inn -
hospital n sickhouse, leechhouse healhouse, sickbergh
hospitable adj guestfriendly comelithe (< OE cumliðe), guestly (<OE gǣstlic)
hospitality n guestfriendship, guestfriendliness -
host n - guestgiver (cf. NHG Gastgeber)
hostage n - yisle (<OE ġīsel)
hostile adj foesome, unfriendly, fiendish, fiendlike, fiendly (<OE fēondliċ) (but fiendish and fiendlike are already attested)
hostility n foehood, unfriendliness, fiendishness foeth (<OE fæhþa and akin to Du vete and NHG Fehde), fiendliness, fiendship (<OE fēondsċipe)
hot chocolate n bitterbrew -
hotel n guesthouse, inn

toachirhouse (<OE tōċirhūs)

hour n stound, tide longlog
hourglass n sandglass timeglass
House of Commons n - Folkthing, Folksthing (cf. Dan. Folksting)
House of Lords n - Athelthing, Athelsthing (cf. Norw. Odelsting, PG. ōþala "inherited estate" > OE. athel "noble", Norw. odel "fully owned estate")
huge adj great, big, wide, stour -
hullabaloo n uproar, ado, merry hell, to-do -
human n man, son of man, earthling, wer wordling, soul
human adj manlike, like a son of man, earthborn mennishly (<OE mennisclic)
humane adj mannish -
humanitarian adj do-good manworthy
humanity n folk, world; kindheartedness, ruth, warmheartedness, mankind mankin, mannishness, mennishliness (<OE mennisclicnes), mennishhood
humanize n -

manthware (<OE ġemanþwærian)

humble adj down-to-earth, meek, lowly -
humerus n arm-bone -
humid adj dank, damp, sweltry, sticky, wet -
humidity n wetness, dampness loftwetness, loftdampness (cf. NHG Luftfeuchtigkeit)
humiliate vb cheapen, foul, lower, shame, sink, take down forhien (<OE forhīenan), anether (<ME anetheren<OE aniþerian), neigh (<OE hnaégan), nither (<OE niðrian)
humiliating adj cringe-making -
humility n down-to-earthness, lowiness, meekness lowlayth, lamblikeness, sackclothness
humorous adj funny, witty, side-splitting -
hurricane n gale, whirlwind -
hurt (Germanic) vb harm, scathe, wound -
husband n - were (<OE "wer", companion of "wife" lost via ON "husbondi")
hushed adj still, lown (dialect), on the down low -
hyacinth n - darkbluehurst
hybrid n/adj - thwarsebreed
hydraulics n waterworks -
hydrate vb water
hydrogen n waterstuff (Poul Anderson) lightmote
hydrotherapy n - waterhealing
hyena n - nightgang (<OE nihtgenge)
hymn n hymn, Churchsong hymn (<OE ymen) Churchsong (<OE Ciricsang)
hyoid bone n - tungbone (NHG Zungenbein)
hyper adj overspringed, springy -
hyperopia n far(-)sightedness, long(-)sightedness -
hypha n - swambthread
hyphen n dash -
hypnosis n bedazzling, spellbinding -
hypnotise vb bedazzle, grip, spellbind -
hypnotic adj bedazzling, gripping, spellbinding

sleep soothing, sleepy

-
hypocrite n faker, show-player, mask-wearer, holier-than-thou, liar, shameless, bewrayer -
hypocritical adj faking, playing a show, masked, Pecksniffian, double-dealing, two-tongued, a sham double-leerer, unecht (cf. NHG. unecht) (see Eng. echt)
hypocrisy n faking, show-play, masking, double-dealing unluterness
hypothermia n chill, frost, cooling, freezing, frostbite undercooling (German Unterkühlung)
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