Staff P of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Freesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
pabulum n fodder, food of thought -
pace vb/n speed; step, walk, stride, tread skeeth (cf Ic. skeið)
pacifier n soother -
pacifist n dove frithweaver, unfighter
package n wrapping -
paddle n oar -
pagan n heathen -
paganism n heathendom -
page n side, sheet, leaf; knave, boy, helper, thane

trammet (<OE tramet), leafside
servant: theen 

pacify vb allay smolten, befrith
pain n smart(ing), soreness, acheness, sorrow, care, teen(e) (obsolete), warch/wark (obsolete; k-form may be due to influence from Norse), woe -
painful adj acheful, nasty, sore, harsh, harrowing, smarting -
paint n dye

farb (<OE færbu)

paint vb mete (obsolete, but in the OED), dye, stroke fay (<OE fǽgan), mete/meet (<OE (ámétan), meal (<OE mǽlan)
painting n meting (obsolete) dyework, mealwork (cf. Ic. málverk)
pair n twain, twin, set -
pajamas n - nightclothes (cf. Ic. náttföt)
palace n hall kingshouse, kingshome, kinghove (<OE cynehof), king's dwelling, sale (related to salon)
palate n roof of the mouth, gums’ roof

gums/goom (<OE góma')

palatine bone n gums’ bone gumsbone, goombone, roofbone
pale adj bleach, dull, fallow, light, washed-out; ashen, doughy, mealy, wan -
pale n wall, weir -
paleo- pfx ere- ur-, or-
paleography n old writing orwritelore, erewritlore
paleolithic adj - orstonely, orstonish
paleontology n - orwightlore, erewritlore
palindrome n - crabword, drowword
palisade n - stakehedge, stakewall, stakework, boardwall (<OE bredweall), stavewall, stickwall
palliate vb whitewash, soothe -
pallid adj ashen, doughy, mealy, wan, ghastly, grey, bleak, white, sickly, ill -
palmtree n - folmtree, handtree
palmary adj - heriworthy
palpitate vb throb -
pamphlet n flyer, folder, leafling leafel
panacea n heal-all (not common, but in OED) allheal (calque)
pancreas n - sweet kernel
pancreas (when used as a food) n gut bread -
panda bear n - (greater) catbear, eastern bear, eyeshadowbear
pandemonium n - hexkettle (cf. Du. heksenketel), alfiendness (calque)
panderer n bedbroker
panel n shield, screen, board -
Pangaea n - Alland (all + land; calque)
pangolin n - shaledeer (calque)
panic n fright, elfshot wode, wodening
panorama n - allsight, umsight (see um-)
Panthalassa n - Allsea (all + sea; calque), Worldsea
pants n breeches, britches, shorts, leggings, hosen, strides, slacks, legwear -
pants, under- n undies, underwear, drawers netherlings, underkegs
papaya n - blasterapple (calque of Cuban Spanish "fruta bomba")
paper n

leaf, sheet, looseleaf

blade ('paper' in OE (from Latin) means papyrus)
papier-mâché n - sheetmash, mashed sheet
para- suffix over- yond-
parable n likeness, byword -
parachute n

fallward (calque of French parachute, para (defense against) + chute (a fall)

fallshirm (cf. NHG. Fallschirm, Du. valscherm)
paraclete n - forverghost (<OE forforgast)
paradise n heaven, the afterlife fairyard, narxenwong (newtiding of OE neorxnawang; c.f. dark < OE deorc); blessed abode
paradisiacal adj heavenly heavenlike, narxenwongly
paragraph n - sidewrit (cf. para- "beside" + graph "to write")
parallel adj alongside; akin, matching getherwended, withstraight
parallelogram n - sides alongside; akinside
paralyzed(ysis) adj/n lame(ness), lamed -
paramour n lover leman
paranoia n great fear, maddening fear; mistrust mad mistrust
paranoid n - mad misgiver, overmistruster
paranormal adj witchcraft, otherwordly; nithe, nicor nitheness; overmean
paranthesis n - inputmark, sidemark
paraphrase n/vb - n. edwording

vb. edword

parasite n bloodsucker, free rider sidefeeder (calque of Gk. parasitos, para (beside) + sitos (food)
parasitism n bloodsucking, freeriding sidefeeding
parasol n sunshade -
parchment n bookfell -
parent n elder, father or mother, childrearer kennen, akenend (OE cennend), may (OE mǣġ)
parenting n elderhood, childrearing, raising children/a child -
parenthesis n - breeches
parents n elders, folks kennen; akennends, akends (OE cennend), mays (OE mǣġas)
par excellence n better than others, best of its kind by outstandingness (calque)
pariah n outcast, castoff, black sheep -
parietal bone n - skullwall
parish n - bedeshire
park n - ersh (<OE ersc), parrock, eddish (not exact: yard, field), deertown (<OE déortún)
parliament n witenmoot (bygone word from OE) folkthing (cf. Dan. Folketinget), stourthing (cf. Nor. Storting), lawthing (cf. SW Lagting), allthing (cf. IC Althing), ledeward, lawmoot, landmoot (there were shire moots, so this is the whole land), rikesday (cf. NHG Reichstag, SW Riksdagen), rikesrede (cf. NHG Reichsrat), forsamening (cf. NHG versammlung), rikesforsamening (cf. NHG reichsversammlung)
parrot n - bleefowl
parsimonious adj mean, stinting, tightfisted flint-skinning
parsley n - crispleaf
part n deal, share, bit -
part vb split, break, sunder -
partake vb have, take with bytake, dealnim, thie (<OE þicgan; c.f. lie < licgan, buy < bycgan)
partial n some bent (on), slanted (toward)
participate vb join in, do with, leap in dealnim (<OE dælniman)
participation n -

dealnimhood, dealnimness

in the Eucharist: mansomeness (<OEġemænsumnes)

participant n - join in, dealnimmer
participle n - dealnimmand (<OE dælnimand); bitling.
particle n mote, bit, crumb, mite, nip, shed; fleck, flyspeck, snip grammar: worldling
particularly adv namely, above all, all the more, at length, ever so, in the main, more than ever hure (<OE huru), sunderly
partition n wall, wough -
partner vb/n mate

in crime: wisithe (<OE wīġesīþ)

parturition n childbirth, birthing -
party n gathering, fungathering, merrymaking, bash -
parvenu n upstart -
pascal adj - tholing
pass vb overtake, overstep, hand over, give undergo (cf. NHG untergehen)
passage n path, way, pathway, footway, footpath extract: plucking, throughgang (cf. NHG Durchgang)
passage of time n flow of time timeflow
passenger n faregoer faregest (cf. NHG Fahrgast), byfarer
passion n love love-fire, feel-fire, lithenship (< NHG Leidenschaft)
Passion (Christianity) n - Lithen (< NHG Leiden), Lithe
passive adj idle throwendly (<OE þrowiendlic)
Passover n - Easter
passport n - wayleave, fareford, trekford
past n/adj bygone(s), forgone, former, last, erstwhile forthwist (<OE forðgewitan), forganghood (<NHG vergangenheit), forgonehood/forgoneness, foretide (cf. IC fortíð), foreby (cf NHG. vorebei)

bygonehood (calque of NHG 'Vergangenheit')

pasta n noodle, starch starchfood
pasture n grassland, lea, meadow, field leasow
patella n kneecap -
paternal adj fatherly -
Paternoster n Our Father Lord's Bead
Patisserie n - sugarbakery (German: Zuckerbäckerei, Swedish: sockerbageri, thus sugarbaker (German:Zuckerbäcker) for both pastry chef and confectioner as per German)
pathetic adj rueful, ruthful, sad -
pathos n sadness -
patience n forbearing(ness) thild (<OE geþyld), moodthwearness (<OE módþwǽrnes)
patient n - sickling (cf. IC sjúklingur). thildy (<OE ġeþyldiġ)
patient adj forbearing thildy (<OE þyld, cf. NHG geduldig); bide-willing.
patria n homeland, fatherland, motherland -
patriarch n elder, eldfather highfather (<OE hēahfæder)
patriarchy n - fatherwield
patrician n - highholder (<OE héahealdor)
patricide n - fatherslaughter, fathermurder
patrimony n fathersland -
patriotic n home-loving landtrothen, fatherlandish (calque)
patriotism n home-love, flag-waving (pejorative) landtrothenness, fatherlandloving, motherlandtrothness
patron n backer, bestower -
patronage n business, trade -
patronym n fathername (calque)
pattern n cut, doing, doings, folkway, goings-on, layout, outline,setting, shape, set-up, warp & woof, way, ways, weave, web, yardstick model: forelay (<NHG. Vorlage)
pause n break, let-up -
paucity n lack, fewness -
pavement n sidewalk, footpath, walkway -
pay vb yield, buy (it), deal (out), set back (rearranging word order) betale (cf. NHG bezahlen, Du. betalen)
payment n fee betaling (cf. Du. betaling, NHG Bezahlung), scot
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) n handheld, handtop handheld reckoner, handtop reckoner
peace n frith, bliss, rest, restfulness sib (<OE sibbe), grith (<OE griþ)
peace vb afrith -
peaceful adj dovish, restful frithsome (<OE friþsum and akin to NHG. firedsam, Du vreedzaam), grithful (grith + ful)
peach n - perseapple (ancient Greek calque)
peal vb ring, toll -
peanut (OE from Latin) n earthnut, groundnut -
pearl n - seahurst, merhurst (<OE meregrot 'sea particle', <OE hyrst 'gem'), sandhurst
peasant n churl, boor, yeoman, husbandman, landman -
peasant farmer n - bour (<OE būr) pl: bours (<OE būras), cf. neighbour
peculation n thefting -
peculiar adj freak, unwonted, own markingly (cf. Nw. merkelig)
pedagogue n teacher -
pedal n treadle, footkey, foot board, foot trigger -
pedal adj foot(ed) -
pedantic n/adj

inkhorn(y), know-it-all, nitpicking, teachy, boorish

n: dryasdust

-
pedestal n - footstone (<OE fótstán)
pedestrian n walker footman, footfarer, footgoer, footganger
pedophile n - childluster
pedometer n - walking-wheel
pedophilia n - childlust
peel n husk, rind, shell, skin, strip -
peel vb rend, skin, shell, tear, pull off, slough off, strip -
peep vb/n cast, eye; slang: gander -
pegasus n - winged horse
pejorative adj slighting, belittling, down-putting -
pelican n - wanfoot, stone-yeller, dive-dipper

dive-dapper/dive-dopper/ dive-dipper (<OE dūfedoppa; the first element is related to the verb "dive", not the noun "dove"; see OED entries "dive-dap|dive-dop" and "dive-dapper"). Wanfoot (dark foot). Stone-yeller: ( a bird whose cry is heard amongst the rocks)

pellucid adj unclouded -
pelt n fell, hide -
pen n marker, writing tool, writing needle, writing shaft writler, writingfeather, writingiron, (< OE wrítung-ísen), writsax (<OE writ-seax),
reed, quill (uncertain origin)
penance n bote - sinbote
penchant n leaning, fondness -
pencil n stick leadstick, graystick, writingstick
penetrate vb breach, stab, thrill, bore -
peninsula n neck of land; arm, foreland, headland, ness, spit, half-iland (German:halbinsel) shankdom (as the boot of Italy)
pentagon n - fiveside, fivenook, fivedge
Pentecost n Whitsunday -
penultimate adj last-but-one, next-to-last, forelast -
penis n

pizzle, weapon (<OE wæpn), dick/cock (both slang; both vulgar),
pintle, tarse (both <OE), yard, shaft (slang), manhood (slang)

brine hose (slang), bockler (Old Norse "bqllr")
penitence n rueness (<OE hreonisse), ruefulness, ruth gild
penurious adj stingy -
people n

folk; throng (group of people)

lede (<OE lēod, cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden)
pepperoni n - croudedswineflesh
perceive vb wit; see, grasp, behold, smell, smack, fang, witness, make out, understand

yeme, onget, bemark (cf. NHG./Du. bemerken), upmark (cf. Du. opmerken)

percent n - hundredth(s), hundredshluti (Icelandic:hundraðshluti)
percentage n - hundredmeal
perception n insight, grip, hold yeming, onget, undergetting, understanding, truetake, soothtake
percolate vb leach -
perdition vb forelornness forweird (<ME forwī̆rd)
peregrine falcon n duck hawk

duckhawk, wanderfalk (cf. Dn. vandrefalk, NHG. Wanderfalke)

perfect adj flawless; all-out, blank, blooming, clean, sheer, flat-out; well done, all done, done throug, yare

bild-board, swotel, fulmade (cf. Du. volmaakt), yare (<OE ġearu)

perfect vb hone, fulcome fulmake (cf. Du vomaken)
perfidious adj forsworn; untrue, untrustworthy, trothless -
perforate vb awl, riddle, thrill, stick, thirl/thurl (< OE thyrel, now obsolete or dialectal), drill -
perform vb do forth, do, behave, work, play, show

uptread (theatrical; cf. Du. optreden), theen (<OE ġeþēon)

perfume n -

duft, cride, athelstench (<OE æðelstenċ), wortbreath (<OE wyrtbrǣþ), ilmwater (Icelandic:Ilmvatn)

perfunctory adj halfhearted, careless -
peril n freck (<OE frēcen)
period (time) n while, timespan, time frame, spell, stint -
period (punctuation) n fullstop haltmark, stopmark, endmark
perish vb waste, waste away, be wrecked, dwindle, forfare, forworth, swelt (dialectal) dwale
perjure vb/n forswear, lie under oath, forsworness, oathbreach, oathbreaking

-

perhaps adv maybe, mayhap, likely byhaps, weenings (<OE wenunga)
perimeter n brim, hem, rim, skirt, edge mireline
perineum n bonch middlecrotch, middlecrook, crabwalk (slang)
period (time) n while, timespan, time frame, spell, stint -
perish adj dreeze (<OE dreosan and <ME drēsen)
permanence n everlasting, abidingness, timeless, lasting, everliving, alwaysness
permanent adj everlasting, eche (archaic), timeless, abiding, lasting

highfast (<OE hēahfæst), foreversome

permafrost n - everfrost
permission n leave, warrant, letting, green light, furlough letship, thave (<OE þafian), financial: tholing tithe, lethood, letship
permit vb/n green-light, leave, let, go-ahead thave (<OE þafian), thole, tithe (<OE tiðian)
pernicious adj baleful, baneful -
pernio n chilblain -
perpendicular adj athwart, straight out from, upright -
perpetually adj ever, everlastingly, for ay, endlessly, unendingly, world without end -
perpetuity, in adv forevermore -
perplex vb bewilder, muddle, befuddle, befog bewonder
persecute vb ail, hound (<OE éhtan, ǽhtian, óhtan, éhtian, eáhtan)
persecution n witch hunt, hounding -
perseverance n sticktoitivenesss -
persistence adj steadfastness -
persistent adj steadfast, dogged, bound -
person n

someone, fellow, man, soul, wight, bloke, being, body

lede/leed(e) (<OE lēod, cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden), mennish (cf. Du. mens; NHG Mensch)

grammar: sway (<OE swég), thiute (<Goth thiuda)

personal adj selfly, monnly, self, own, inner, innermost, inmost, belittling, near, of oneself mennishly, wightly (calque)
personality n selfhood, mood, self, who-th, ghost, -
personnel n staff, men, ware -
perspective n outlook, ken, wits, witness, edge of sight (point of view) view, opinion: onsight (cf. NHG ansicht), outsight (Eng., cf. Du uitzicht,
<NHG aussicht), wist (native English kin to 'view' and 'vista'), wholesight
perspicacious adj insightful, keen, shrewd mindswotel
perspicacity n insightfulness, keenness, shrewdness -
persuade vb bring, talk into, win over, sway beswipe (<OE beswapan)
pursue vb follow

a new path: tread, beat

forfollow (cf. NHG verfolgen, Du. vervolgen)

a new path: beshrithe (cf. NHG beschreiten, see shrithe)

pertinacious adj headstrong, strong-willed -
peruse vb look through, read through -
pervade vb wade (archaic), go through, spread through, fill with  forwade (calque), yond-sprout? (<OE geondsprútan), throughthrust
(<NHG durchdringen)
perverse adj overthwart forchared, bewarped, thirtover, lewd, wayward, thrawn, forcouth, untoward
pervert n - lewdster (Shakespeare), rakehell
pervert vb twist, warp, befoul bewarp, offset, froward
pestilence n quild (<OE cwild)
petition vb/n send writ, bene, beseech, beg, ask -
pet name n nickname ekename
petrify vb - stun (<OE stunian)
petroleum n black gold

fuel: leaded, unleaded

rock-lime (calque), stonesap
petticoat n - underkirtle
petulant adj sour, moody, waspish -
pessimism n naysaying, world-weariness -
pessimistic adj downbeat, hopeless, world-weary rainy-brained
peurile n childish, cradle-witted -
phantasm n dream; shade, shadow, wraith -
phantom n ghost -
phalanx n - speerlining
pharaoh n king (of Egypt) sun-king, greathouser (calque of Anc. Egy. per aa "great house")
Pharisee n faker, holier-than-thou, cleanest one, show player Sunderholies (<OE 'sundor-halgan')
Pharmaceutical n heal-middle läkemedel (Swedish)
Pharmacist n
Pharmacy n - lib-house, libshop (calque of 'drugstore')
Pharmacy n "medicinal chemistry" -
pharynx n - retch (cf. NHG Rachen), swallow (cf. Dan. svælg; Sw. svalg)
pheasant n - wildhen (<OE wildhænn), woorhen (<OE wōrhana)
phenomenal adj outstanding, astounding sarrow
phenomenon n happening, great show, good show -
-philia sfx -lust -
Philippines n - Philipsland
philistine adj uncouth -
philological adj - speechwritlorish
philology n - speechwritlore
philosophy n wisdom, world outlook witlore, lorelief, wittinglove (calque)
phimosis n - throttling
phlebotomy n bloodletting -
phloem tube n - wortrowel
-phobia sfx -fear -
phobia n fear, misfear, fright, dread -
phobic adj fearful -
phoenix n - firefowl
phone n/vb

n: blower, dog and bone,farspeaker, handset

vb: ring, tinkle

speechlore (linguistics): speechlimb, speechwhit (see whit)

phonetic adj - dinly
phonological adj - loudlorish, loudlore-
phonology n -

reardwork, reardlore, loudlore (cf. NHG Lautlehre), clanglore

phosphorescent adj - lightshedding
phosphorus n - glowstuff, lightstuff
photograph n shot; lightshot, frame, sight, showing, still lightbilth (<IC. ljósmynd), lightwrit, lightdrawing
photography n lightshooting lightbilthwrit, lightwritcraft, lightdrawingcraft
photon n - lightmote, lightbit, lightgang (calque)
phrasal adj (grammar) bound, having many words but being one wordstringly, quide (obs.)
phrase n - wordstring, quide (obs.)
phylum n stem, stock, kind -
physics n - worldken
physical adj bodily, bodylike, wordly, earthly lichly, lundsome
physician n leech -
piano(forte) n - beatharp (<IC slagharpa); keyharp
pickax n pike -
picture n likeness, drawing, sight, frame, shot, showing, still

bilth (<OE biliþ, cf. Sw. bild, NHG Bild, Scots/Du. beeld), lightdrawing

picturesque adj fair wlitty (<OE wlitig), elfsheen (<OE ælfsciene)
pie n bake rindcake
piece n

bit, snead, shtick (as in my piece/gimmick), clump

piece of art/music: work

of silver: silverling (<G, the Dschinghis Khan song, Judas, specifically), steck (<OE stycce, cf. NHG Stück)

piecemeal adv

little by little, step by step, bit by bit

bitwise
pier n landing, wharf, breakwater -
pierce vb bore, hole; gore, spear -
pigeon n dove towndove, mean dove
pile n heap, hill, mound, mow (hay), swath (corn) -
pillage vb sack reave
pilgrimage n bead-faring
pillar n mast, pole, stake -
pilot n lodeman, skyship boss, foreflyer, loftman skyward
pilot whale n - grindwhale (calque)
pimp n bedbroker -
pimple n wheal -
piñata n - wonderbag (cf. NHG "wunderhüte"), sweetpot
piña colada n - mashed firapple (Spanish calque)
pinch vb

nip, squeeze, steal, scrimp, nab

-
pine n fir, firtree, evergreen (more general) furrowwood (<OE furhwudu)
pineapple n - firapple (cf. Ic. ganaldin)
pinecone n - firtap (cf. NHG Kiefernzapfen)
pioneer n

groundbreaker,
waymaker, pathfinder

foretrecker (cf. Du. Voortrekker)
pioneering adj groundbreaking, waymaking

foremoving, foretrecking (<Du. Voortrekker)

pious adj godly arefast (<OE arfaest)
pip n

seed; bee's knees, day's eye

kern
pipe n

leat, reed (in some contexts)

rear (<PG *rauza-; cf. Sw. rör, NHG Rohr; cf. "red" = NHG "rot" <PG *raudaz)

pirate n -

seareaver, shaythman (<OE scegthmann)

pirate captain n -

highseareaver, highseathief (<OE héahsæþéof)

pisiform bone n - peabone, peashapebone
pistol n gun, gat (informal) staff (cf. ME staf), handgun (<ME hand gunne)
piston n - sucker (cf. Du. zuiger)

pity

n

shame, kindheartedness, ruth

earming (<OE earmung)
pivotal adj key -
pixel n dot bilthdot (cf. NHG Bildpunkt)
pizza n - flatcake, clampcake
place vb lay, put, stow, put down -
place n spot, berth ord, stead, stow, lough (<OE lóh)
place, special n - sunderstow (<OE sundorstow)
placenta n afterbirth

mothercake (cf. NHG Mutterkuchen, SW. moderkaka)

plagiarism n thought-theft, brain-steal
plagiarist n thought-thief, brain-stealer
plague n outbreak death, folkbane, blightdom, quild-tide, manqualm, man-qualm, qualm (<OE cwealm)
plan vb forethink, plot, draft, hatch howe (<OE hogian)
plan n layout, outline, draft, framework howe
plank n board, sill -
plankton n - drifter moss
planning n frame, layout, shape, look, mean howing
planet n wanderstar, world, (heavenly) body

tungle (<OE tungol), wanderer (calque from the Greek)

plant n wort -
plant vb sow, besow, scatter -
planted adj - besowen
plantation n farmstead wortfield, seed farm, sowing field
plasma n - state of matter: stirloft (<IC rafgas)

blood: bloodslime

plaster n/vb

stickum; besmear

limecoat, cleam (<OE clǣman and <ME clēmen)
plastic n - newclay, hardclay, clay-stuff, shape-stuff
plateau n dish; headland flatbarrow
plate n dish, bowl, board, layer -
plate of metal n - clout (<OE clút), fat/fet (<OE fæt)
platform n deck, staddle; soapbox, flatscape flatstand, flatstead; flatpad
platinum n white gold -
platitude n hackneyed saying flatness (calque)
platypus n watermole, duckbill, duckmole billwight (cf. NHG schnabeltier), flatfoot (calque of Greek platypus), birdnose
(calque of Greek ornithorhynchus)
pleasant adj

blessed, darling, dreamy, good, grateful, heavenly, sweet, welcome

lief/ liefsome (Eng, calque of Ger. speech), faining, listing, quemsome (<OE gecwemsum)

please interj kindly, gladly, fain, if you will

bid (cf. NHG bitte), liever (from lief)

please vb gladden, list queme
pleased adj blissful, thankful eady, quemed
pleasing adj grateful, welcome quemely (<OE cwémlic)
pleasure n lust, gladness

quemeness (satisfaction), itheness (<OE īeðnes)

plebiscite n - folkfrain, folkcast, folksay, folkspoll, folksstevening (Du. volksstemming), folksanswer (NHG. Volksentscheid)
plectrum n pick harpnail (<OE hearpenægel)
pledge n plight -
pledge vb plight, swear, sicker -
plentiful adj rife, teeming, manyful -
plenty adv enough/enow, many weal, fele (<OE fela and akin to SC fele, Du veel and NHG viel)
plethora n overflow overmuchness
-plex suf -fold -
pliable adj - lithy (<OE liþiġ)
pliant adj - lithy
plumage n feathers, featherware, hackles -
plumber n - leatfitter, bogfitter, johnman (slang), leadworker
plumbing n - leadwork
plumbline n - wall-thread (<OE weallþrǽd)
plunder vb - stroud (<OE strūdian)
plunge vb dip, dunk, dive -
plural adj morefold

manifold(ly) (<OE manigfealdlic), manisome 

plus pre and -
plutocracy n - gelddom, goldwield
pluvial adj rainly indicator: watergall
pneumatic adj of a woman: shapely thringlofty
pneumonoultramicrosco-picsilicovolcanoconosis n - inbreathedgroundashandsanddustsickness (inbreathed-ground-ash-and-sand-dust-sickness), flintstuffdustsickness, (poetic) dusty-lung dree
pocket n bag (<ON) pough (<ME poughe, OE pohha)
poem n lay, yed (in OED, <OE giedd) leeth (<OE leoð)
poet n scop, writer, dighter

shope (<OE scop), leethwright (<OE leoþwyrhta)

poetic adj - leethly (<OE lēoþlīċ)
poetry n dighting leethcraft (<OE leoðcræft), wordcraft
point n tip, tine, nib, score, stake, log ord (Eng./NHG. but seldom)
point v token at

point out sth: betoken, forewarn, make smb aware of

-
pointless adj - sakeless
poison n bane, gall, atter (obsolete or dialectal) atter (<OE ātor)
poisonous adj attery (<OE ǣttriġ)
pole (land/physics) n axle -
polar (land/physics) adj - axled
polar bear n -

ice bear (NHG Eisbär, Dan. isbjørn, Du. ijsbeer, Ic. ísbjörn, Norw. isbjørn, Swed. isbjörn, W.Fris. iisbear), white bear (Far. hvítabjørn, Ic. hvítabjörn)

polar zone n land of the midnight Sun everfrost belt
pole n -

shot (<OE sceāt "corner, angle, nook," cognate of skaut), worldshot (<IC heimskaut)

polecat n - thummart
polemic n/adj rant -
police n law, lawmen, watchmen, coppers, warders lawthane, warden
policy n - thew (<OE þeaw), steven (<OE stefn, cf. IC stefna)
polite adj becoming, befitting -
political adj

mootish
party: mootband

shirecrafty, shirecunning, rikescrafty, rikescunn, gerecky, flock (Icelandic: flokkur)
politically correct language n - egg-shell speak, gereckspeak
politician n lawmaker shireling, gerecker
politics n - shirecraft, shirecunning, mootsmanship, kingspeak, reevedom, reevecunning, rikescraft, rikescunning, gereck (<OE gehrec "govt mngmnt")
poll n (survey): worthdeem
pollen n bloomdust, father dust
pollute vb foul, befoul, make dirty smear, besnit, besmut, sootdew
pollution n - soot-dew, sootdew
poltergeist n - dinghost
polycephaly n - manyheadedness
polygamist n - maniwed
polyglot n - tonguesmith, manitongue
polygon n - manihern
polyhedron n - manineb
polymorph n - manishape
polymorphism n - manishapedom
polytheism n - sundertroth, sundrytroth, manytroth, sunderoath, sundryoath, manyoath, sundergodtroth, sundrygodtroth, manygodtroth, sundergodoath, sundrygodoath, manygodoath, sundergodbelief, sundrygodbelief, manygodbelief, sundergodbelieving, sundrygodbelieving, manygodbelieving, sundergodworship, sundrygodworship, manygodworship
pomegranate n - cornapple (calque), seedapple (calque), seedovet (calque)
pompous adj showy, overbearing, high-flown, boastful -
ponder vb wonder, eye, think, weigh, wrestle with hiler, smigh
pontoon n card game: twenty one sundstall
pony n - horseling
pool (money) n pot -
poor adj in need, on the breadline, wretched, ill-stared, needy, wantsome

arm (<ENG dialectal ety. 2, ME, <OE earm), armthy (see armth)

pop (music) n folk folksglee
pope n Holy Father

Romish headrunner (runner = bishop, cf. NHG Läufer, Sw. löpare), Highfather (<OE héahfæder)

popular adj folksy, folkly, folkish -
popularity n - allthede-love (<IC alþýðu-lof)
populate vb - befolk (cf. NHG bevölkern, Du. bevolken)
population n folks

population: befolking (cf. NHG bevölkerung, Du. bevolking), dwellerscore, ledescore

inhabitants: inwoners (cf. NHG einwohnern, Du. inwoners), indwellers, erdeners, allfolks (allhallows)

population density n crowding; thickness of settling huddlemete
populism n folks folksdom, folkship, folksric, folkswield, folksreevedom, folkshire
populist adj folksy -
populous adj crowded, teeming folkful, folkrich (calque of German)
populus assembly n -

folkforsaming (calque of many germanic languages), folksgathering, folksmoot

porcelain n shiny earthenware midricware (chinaware)
porch adj - forehouse
porcine n pig, boar, hog, swine, sow, yelt -
porcupine n - quillpig
pore n hole, hidehole, skinhole thirl, sweathole
pork n pig, swine, swineflesh, pigflesh farrow (<OE fearh)
pornography n - whoreshowing
porous adj holey, seepsome siftful, thirl (<OE thyrel)
porpoise n mereswine -
porridge n mush, oatmeal -
port n harbour, haven ford, hythe
portable adj handheld ferryworth
portmanteau n - word: mingleword (cf. Du. mengwoord)
portal n doorway, door, gate, gateway

rother (<OE rodor)

portend vb

bode, by-sen, forerun, ill-bode, foreshadow, forewarn

-
portent n - foretoken, boding
portentous adj

doomy, foreboding, ill-boding, threatening, awesome, stunning, wonderful

-
portion n deal, lot, share, dole -
portrait n likeness (of) bilth, mealing
position n berth steadholding
positive (aspect) n upside -
positive adj - mathematics: overnaught
possess vb

own, owe; devilsicken,
bewitch, take, take over

-
possessed adj

devilsick, fiendsick, owned, ought,
owed, own, giddy, bewitched, deviltaken, deviled (Sir John Cheke)

-
possession n ownership, belonging, ought, aught ownedness, havings
possibility n likelihood, likeliness

mailihood, mightliness, maybehood, acendliness (<OE ácendlicnes), acumendliness (<OE ácumendlicnes)

possible adj likely maily, maybesome, doughtbefall, dowedbefall, hapsome, mightsome, within reach, acumendly (<OE ácumendlic)
possibly adv maybe, likely, likelily maily
post- pref after- -
posterior n rump, back(side) -
posteriority n afterness -
posterity n children, offspring, seed, hinderhood

-

postexistence n

afterlife, afterbeing, the beyond, the great beyond, the next world, other world, the great unknown

-
posthuman n - afterwere, gearwere, beyond mankind
posthumanism n - afterweredom, gearweredom
postpone vb forestall, put off, call off forshove (for- "away" + shove, cf. NHG verschieben), forslow
post script (p.s.) n afterthought afterword, afterwrit (a.w.), aftertale
potassium n - potash (pot-ash), potashstuff
potato n earthapple, spud, tater, tatty

nightshade runner ('solanum tuberosa'), shaderoot, breadroot

potential adj likely, maybe maily
potential n strength, fitness, wherewithal -
potentiometer n volt knob -
potion n - tiverdrink (cf. Du. toverdrank), lib
pouch n bag (<ON) pough (<ME poughe, OE pohha) pung (<OE pung, cf. Sw., Dn. pung)

cheed or ceed (<OE ceod)

poultry n

fowl, barnyard birds, bird meat

-
pour vb teem, skink, shink, sie, yote

yeat; birle drink

poverty n need, want; dearth, drought, hardupness (slang) wantsomeness, armth
powder n/vb

dust, beat, crush, grind

-
power n

grip, sway, strength, brawn, might, mains, craft

thrith (<OE thryth), wield/wald (<OE weald)

special: sundercraft (<OE sundorcræft)
supreme: douthmight (<OE duguþmiht)

power vb drive, feed -
power line n mains line spark rope
powerful adj heavy, mighty, strong

thrythswithe (<OE þrȳþswȳð)

power supply n mains brick -
practical adj working; earthy, down-to-earth -
practically adv

about, all-but, fair, fairly,
more or less, nearly, well-nigh

-
practice vb/n -

n: oving (cf. NHG Übung, Du oefening)

vb: ove (<PG ōbijaną, cf. NHG üben, Du oefenen/ LG. öven)

pragmatic adj hardheaded, down-to-earth -
praise n -

heriness (<OE herenes), hering (<OE herung), lof (<OE)

praise vb - hery (<ME heryan)
pram n buggy push-wainling (Barnes)
prayer n bead ben, boon, beadred (<OE bedræden), forben
prayerful adj - beadful
pre- pref fore- -
preach vb - athelbid
preacher n - athelbode, heaven-reacher (slang)
preamble n foreword, inleading, forespell -
precaution n forecare -
precede vb herald, forerun -
preceding adj before-time, fore-time -
precinct n space: pen
pedestrian zone: walkway
-
precipitation n rainfall, snowfall, downsheet, breefall downsheet
precious adj dear, dearworth, dearworthly -

preciousness

n dearworthiness -
precise adj - -
precisely adv well -
preclude vb forestall, foreclose -
precocious adj ahead rathe-ripe, rathish
precognition n foreknowledge, foreboding -
precursor n forerunner, before-runner, forebear -
predator n hunter (in some contexts)

reavedeer (cf NHG. Raubtier, Du. roofdier), flesheater

predecessor n forerunner, forebear, forefather foreling, before-comer
predestination n wyrd/weird, doom, foredooming

weird, coring, foreteeing (<OE foreteohhung)

predetermine vb foredoom, forechoose -
predicament n swamp, sticky wicket hardfettle
predict vb

foretell, foresay, beeforesay, before-tell,

foresee, forecast, soothsay, foreshow

-
prediction n

foretelling, foresight, foretelling,
forecast, soothsaying, foreshowing

-
predominant adj overweighing -
preeminent adj foremost elderdomly (<OE ealdordomlice)
preexistence n aforeness, beforeness, forebeing -
prefabricated adj ready-made, ready-built, forewrought fore-timbered (houses)
preface n foreword

throughlook(ing) (<OE þurhlōcung)

prefect n - fyrdenhighshireman
prefer vb forechoose, (would) rather, wouldsooner, fain beliken
preferable adj -

liever, as lief (Eng. NHG. lieber, Du. liever)

preference n forechoice beliking, forechoosing
prefigure vb foreshadow, foreshow -
prefix n - forefastening
pregnant adj with child, heavy (with child) bearing, swanger (<OE swangor)
prehistoric adj - yesteryorely
prehistory n - yesteryore

study: forewritlore

prejudice(al) n/adj foredeem(ing) -
prejudge vb foredeem -
prelude n foreword, warm-up, before-runner forspell
premature adj untimely, unripe, early, betimes (literary) foreripe
prematurely adv beforehand, oversoon -
premeditated adj forethought -
premier adj foremost, first -
premise n

given, forestep, if; toft (building site')

forehedging
premonition n forefeeling, foreboding -
preoccupy vb

-

forebusy
preparation n gearing up, reening, readying, foregearing
prepare vb

taw, fit, fix, groom, lay, ready; draft, draw up, frame; lay out, foreready, forework

reen (<OE renian)
prepared adj ready, tawed, neat, foreworked, forereadied -
prepreparedness n alreadiness
preposition n -

foreput, foresetness (< Ælfric's OE calque 'foresetnes')

prequel n - forefollow, forebook, foresaga
prerequisite n - foreneed
prerogative n/adj - sundergift, sundergifted, sundergiftedness
prescience n

foreknowledge; farsightedness, oresightedness, forethought

forewisdom
prescient adj

foreknowing, farseeing, farsighted, forehanded, foreseeing, forethoughtful, forward

-
prescribe vb lay down forewrite
presence n sight; look, outside at-ness, theresomeness, onbe-hood, onbe-hood, theresomeness
present adj

in, ongoing, nowaday, today's, now's, nowadays', running, nowen

onbe-ish, andward (<OE andweard), gainward (cf. NHG gegenwart), nowa, onbeing, herebeing, forebeing

present n

here and now, today, gift, handsel

nowtide, nowtime, nonce, time being, now, grammar: andward (<OE andweard). mathom (<OE maþm)

present vb

show; give, bestow, furnish,
put forth, set forth, bring forth

foredraw (calque of all Ger. speeches), forthset, forthput, overreach (cf. Ger. überreichnen)

submit: forelay (cf. NHG vorlegen)

Presentation of the Lord n Candlemas -
presentiment n forefeeling -
preserve vb forlast, hain, keep, uphold, aspare
preside vb steward, overlook foresit over
president n -

foresitter (calque), kithhead, stoolman, landleader

presidency n - foresittership
presque vu n - nighseen
press vb thring, thrutch -
press down vb - bethrutch
pressure n - thringmight, thrutch (<OE þryċċan and akin to NHG drücken)
prestige n standing, swey, weight -
presume vb foreguess, daresay athrist (<OE áthristian)
presumably adv likely, seemingly -
presumptuous adj uppity, overweening, daring -
presuppose vb - forettle, forise (<OErǣswian)
pretend vb do as if, play as if, sham, put on, fake bebraid (< OE bebregdan), braid (< OE gebregdan), hue (< OE hiwian), let (<OE lætan), fordo, formake
pretender n would-be, fake, faker -
pretend friend n back-friend -
pretense n

put-on, show; high horse

-
pretentious adj showy, over the top, kitsch -
prevail vb hold up, keep up, last throughswithe (<OE þurhswiðan)
prevalent adj rife -
prevent vb

hinder, forcome, forbid, forestop, forestall, forehinder

let (<OE), forstand
preview vb/n forelook, forepeek, foreshow, foreshowing -
previous adj former, last, latter, foregoing, earlier, yester, back-a-long -
previously adv

afore, already, before, beforehand, earlier, formerly

-
prey n (the) hunted (in some contexts) feng (<OE)
price n outlay, worth
pride n orgul (archaic) unmoodness (<OE unmōdnes), highmoodness (<OE hēahmōdnes), stolt
priest n godsmith, soul-carer, heaven-reacher, sin-buster, sin-shifter, soul-whisperer, white-choker. gospel-shooter, hallower (Old Testament), elder, ghost-man (heathen)
prima donna n leading lady, first lady bitchy woman, showy woman
primacy n - foremostness, elderdom (<OE), apeness
primary adj foremost, first, erst, main -
prime adj main, head -
primer n starter futhorc writ, firstbook
primeval adj hoary, olden -
prince n frim, atheling, highness

high earl, kingling, furst (cf. NHG Fürst, Du. vorst), breg (<OE brego "prince; lord; ruler")

princess n highness

queenling, high earlin, fursten, (cf. NHG Fürstin, Du. vorstin), briggen (<OE brego + -en), edeth (<OE ides "woman of nobility")

principality n - frimdom (<OE fruma), high earldom, bregdom (<OE brego + -dom)
principle n - howing, eldertruth
principle adj main, foremost, first, head -
print vb -

thutch (< OE þryccan), outlay

printing press n - thrycker, thringing thryck calque
prior adj before(hand), earlier -
priority n right-of-way forerank, foreweight, foreness, forehood, beforeness
prism n block andleamer
prison n clink, lockup, pound, slammer fangness (<OE root fang (now dial. (capture) + -ness <OE) (like Dutch gevangenis or German Gefängnis), dung (<OE dung)
prisoner n inmate haftling (<OE hæftling)
pristine n earliest, firstness, speckless, spotless yoreness, orhood, fromfirst
private adj hidden, hushed, shut, asunder, set away dern, onelepy (<OE anlipig), sunder, wightly (calque of personal)
privilege n right, freedom sunderfreedom (<OE), sundergift (cf. OE sundorgiefu)
privileged adj gifted -
privy n outhouse, backhouse dern
pro n craftsman -
probability n likelihood, likeliness, odds
probable adj likely -
probably adv likely, in all likelihood, likely enough, maybe, most likely, belike trueshinely (cf. Du. waarschijnlijk, NHG wahrscheinlich)
probe vb prod -
probity n uprightness -
problem n worry, kinch, bugbear, reck, hang-up, hitch, snag, rub, pitfall, fall, downside, drawback -
problematic adj worrysome -
procedure n - forsetting (cf. Da. fortsætte, Sw. fortsätta), forfareld
proceed vb go forward, go forth, go on, go ahead yede, forefare, forthfare, forthgo, shrithe (<OE sċrīþan)
proceeding n - foregoing, foregang (cf. NHG Vorgang)
process vb -

forework, forthfaring, forfare (cf. NHG verfahren), taw

process n -

foregang (cf. NHG Vorgang), workway

processor n computer: mainframe telcruncher, reckoner
proclivity n forelike, forelove towardbend
procrastinate vb ebb out, ebb-out, forresten
procrastinator n ebber,
procreate vb beget, breed -
procurator n - highshireman (<OE hēahscīremann)
procure vb - beshape
product n ware -
prodigy n - wonderchild
prodigal adj spareless unbridled, feespilling
produce vb beget, breed, bring about, bring forth, draw on, work, yield, forthbring
produce n handiwork, output, thing, work, yield, outcome  -
producing adj begetting, life-begetting, yielding  -
production n yield, output, handiwork forthbringing
productive adj waresome, thrifty, yoelding forthbear
productivity n output
proem n foreword -
profanity n curse, curseword, cuss warm words (slang)
professional adj skilled -
professional n worker, craftsman -
professor n lorespeaker, loregiver -
profit n gain, boot, yield, winnings, earnings -
profitable adj worthwhile -
proficiency n skill -
profound adj underlying, deep -
profoundly adv underlyingly, deeply, groundly -
profusely adv phr flow thickly, running overly, teemingly -
profusion n beteeming -
progenitor n

begetter, elder, father, alder-father, forebear, forefather, fore-elder, forerunner

-
program n - foredraught, broadcast, sending (see source code)
language: draft writ
progress n inroads, headway forthship (<OE forþscype), forthstride
progressive adj forward, late, broad-minded, cutting-edge forblowing
prohibit vb forbid, forfend -
project n work howe, goalwork
projector n beamer -
prokaryote n - forenut, forekern (calque)
proletariat n churls, boors, thralls, hirelings, knaves; thralldom churldom, boordom, knavedom
prolific adj fat, lush, rich birthy, broodful, birthful
prologue n foretale -
prolonged adj lengthened forlonged
promiscuous vb bed-hop -
promiscuous adj bedhopping -
promise n behight, oath, troth, foreword -
promise vb behight, swear; forebode forspeak (NHG. versprechen), forhight (cf. NHG verheissen)
promontary n headland, foreland, ness, bill, (Portland Bill); hoe -
promote vb uprear, (up)further, boost -
prone adj given, open; helpless alout (<OE áloten), forthlout (<OE forþlútan), onfally (<NHG anfällig, see onfall)
pronghorn antelope n - tinedeer, outrunning tinehorner
pronoun n - byname (<OE binama), forename (<OE forenama)
pronounce vb say speak out, outspeak (cf. NHG aussprechen, Du. uitspreken)
pronunciation n - wordway, loudcarve (<IC. hljóðkerfi), outspeaking, outspeech (cf. NHG aussprache, Du. uitspraak), how to say [it]
proper/correct: rightsteven (<OE rihtstefn)
proof n witness shedding, reckonedness (<OE gerecednes), bewise (cf. NHG beweisen, Sw. bevisa, others)
propel vb thrust, drive, drive forth -
proper adj fitting, meet, seemly, right, true, echt bedavenly (<OE gedafenlic)
proper noun n self-name ownname (NHG Eigenname, Du. eigennaam)
property n ownings, holdings, hallmark, belongings owndom (<NHG. eigentum)
private: sunderfee (<OE sundorfeoh), landgood (Du. landgoed), aught (<OE æht)
prophesy vb foretell, foresee, soothsay, say sooth spae
prophesy n foresight, boding, foretelling, soothsaying spaedom, spaeing
prophet n seer, soothsayer, foresayer, before-sayer, before-speaker spaesayer
propitous adj winsome (<OE wynsum)
proposal n foreset forthput, forthputting
propose vb foreset, put forth, say forthput, forthsay
propriëtor n householder, owner, >landlord/lady -
propulsion n thrust -
proscribe vb forbid -
prosecute v - forfollow (cf. Du. vervolgen, NHG. verfolgen)
prosecution n - forfollowing (cf. Du. vervolging, NHG verfolgung)
proselyte n freshman (Sir John Cheke) -
prosopagnosia n - neb blindness
prosper vb thrive, thee -
prosperity n theedom forblowing (<OE blowan), ed (<OE ēad), douth or dowth (<OE duguþ)
prosperous adj frim (physically), lush, thriving theely, wealth-owning, eady (<OE ēadiġ)
prostitute vb whore -
prostitute n hooker, whore, streetwalker, hustler -
prostrate adj aground -
prostrate oneself (to) vb lay aground before hien (<OE hīenan, lit. "to lie prostrate")
protagonist n - headfellow (cf. Dan. hovedperson)
protarchæopteryx n - foreorfowl, first orbird
protect vb ward, shield, forstand, beshield, frith -
protection n shield, ward lewing (<OE hleowung), mundwist (<OE mundwist)
protective adj - mundly (<OE mundian), wardly, holdsome (<OE ġehealdsum)
protector n warden holdand (<OE healdend)
protégé n ward -
protein n - eggwhite (cf. NHG Eiweiß, Du. eiwit)
protest n/vb witness; uproar, outcry wrangle, gainsay -

forstride

Protestant (< Lat. pro testare, “for a witness”) adj witnessing, faithful, gospelling; true faith; speaking out against lies for the troth
Protestant n witness for Christ, faithful, gospeller, true believer; speaker against lies
proto- pref ere, ere-, or-, ur- -
Proto-Germanic n - eretheedish, ortheedish
proton n - erebit, firstbit; watermaker
protoplasm n - ereslime, orslime

protrude

vb stick out, jut -
protuberance n knob, outgrowth -
proud adj haughty, showy, overbearing, self-worshipping, lofty, stout rank (<OE ranc), stolt (<OE stolt and akin to cf. NHG stolz)
prove vb show, truthen, witness, settle soothe (OE 'soþian,' ME 'sothen'), bewise (<NHG beweisen, Sw. bevisa, others)
proverb n byword, saying, saw, folksay(ing) -
provide vb afford, feed, give, hand over beheft
province n - landshare; outland, folkshire (<OE folcscearu)
provocateur n - gremer (<OE gremung)
provocation n - greming (<OE gremung)
prow n foreship -
prudence n forewit, sparefulness, wariness, wisdom, long-thinkingness
prudent adj forewitting, spareful, wary, wise, long-thinking glew (<OE glēaw)
prune n plum -
pruning n shredding, shreading (in OED, obsolete; <OE scrēadung) -
Prunus Spinosa n blackthorn, sloe sloethorn (<OE slāhþorn)
Prussia n Pruceland, Leatherland
pry vb 1. key-hole 2. uproot -
prying n/adj key-holeing -
pseudo- n fake, -like lease-
psychedelic adj - soulkithing, mindopening, mindrooming, soulopening (cf. Sw. "själsöppnande")
psychiatrist n shrink mindhealer, crockwright, soulkithler, mindlorer
psychiatry n - soulkith (cf. Du. seelkunde), mindkith
psychic n - soulsman, mindsman
psychic adj - soulish, mindish
psychologist n shrink mindlorer, crockwright, rat-tamer
psychology n - mindlore
psychopath adj - mindsick, mind-ill
psychotropic/psychoactive adj - mindwending
pubic bone n - shamebone
pub(lic house) n inn, alehouse, boozer -
public n - openliness (cf. NHG Öffentlichkeit)
public adj open, mean openly, folkly (calque from Latin)
public servant adj - theen, onbidsman
public toilet n - outhouse
publication n uttering foropening (cf. NHG veröffernlichung), abaning
publish vb utter (lasted in New English until around 1740, when “publish” overtook it), forthset, bring out, forthsend lay down: forlay (cf. NHG verlegen), outlay, foropen (cf. NHG veröffenlichen), aban (<OE abannan)
publisher n - utterer; forlayer, forlay house (cf. NHG verlag), abaner
pulsate vb beat, throb -
pulse n 1. beat, throb 2. bean -
pumice n - foamstone
pumpkin n marrow tillberry, harvestball
punch vb clout, hit handstrike, fiststrike, dunch
punctuation n - tokenmark, tokensetting (cf. NHG Zeichensetzung, Dan. tegnsætning)
punish vb wreak, smite strafe (<NHG), witten (<OE wítnian), give back
punishment n wreak wreaking, smiting, strafing (<NHG), wittening (<OE wítnung), giveback (< payback)
pup n whelp -
pupil n of the eye: strale -
puppet n cat's paw handdoll (cf. NHG Handpuppe)
purchase vb buy, take -
pure adj clean, sheer, white sweetle (<OE sweotol), lutter (<OE hlūtor)
purebred adj thoroughbred -
Purgatory n - Sweepfire (cf. NHG Fegefeuer), Otherworld, Roufrithsoned Engliſh: Fowening
purge vb cleanse furb
purify vb cleanse beswotel
purple n - bawse (<OE basu), fishdye (<OE fiscdēah), tiver (<OE teafor), woaden (<OE wæden), bluered (<OE blēorēod), wormred, clamhue, clam
purple dye n - welktallow (<OE weoloctælg)
purple martin n - bawseswallow, blueswallow
purpose n sake, goal -
pursue vb follow, shadow, tail -
pursuit n following, shadowing, tailing woath (<OE wāþ)
purveyor n monger -
pus n atter -
push vb shove, thrust, thrutch outarm
pusillanimous n weak-minded
pustule n pock, w(h)eal, whelk
putrefaction n rot(ting) addleness
puzzle n/vb brainteaser, riddle -
pygmy n dwarf; Tom Thumb -
pyramid n - fourflat (cf. Du. viervlak)
pyromania n - firemadness
pyromaniac n kindler, enkindler firesetter
pyrophobia n - fireawe, firefear, firefright, baleyse (<OE bælegsa)
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