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Staff P of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Freesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
pabulum n fodder, food of thought -
pace vb/n speed; step, walk, stride, tread skeeth (cf Ic. skeið)
pacifier n soother -
pacifist n dove frithweaver, unfighter
package n wrapping -
paddle n oar -
pagan n heathen -
paganism n heathendom -
page n side, sheet, leaf; knave, boy, helper, thane

trammet (<OE tramet), leafside
servant: theen 

pacify vb allay smolten, befrith
pain n smart(ing), soreness, acheness, sorrow, care, teen(e) (obsolete), warch/wark (obsolete; k-form may be due to influence from Norse), woe
painful adj acheful, nasty, sore, harsh, harrowing, smarting -
paint n dye

farb (<OE færbu)

paint vb mete (obsolete, but in the OED), dye, stroke fay (<OE fǽgan), mete/meet (<OE (ámétan), meal (<OE mǽlan)
painting n meting (obsolete) dyework, mealwork (cf. Ic. málverk)
pair n twain, twin, set -
palace n hall kingshouse, kingshome

kinghove (<OE cynehof), king's dwelling, sale (related to salon)

palate n roof of the mouth, gums’ roof

gums/goom (<OE góma')

palatine bone n gums’ bone gumsbone, goombone, roofbone
pale adj bleach, dull, fallow, light, washed-out; ashen, doughy, mealy, wan -
pale n wall, weir -
paleo- pfx ere- ur-, or-
paleography n old writing ur-/orwritelore, erewritlore
paleolithic adj - ur-/orstonely, orstonish
paleontology n - ur/orwightlore, erewritlore
palindrome n - crabword, drowword
palisade n - stakehedge, stakewall, stakework
boardwall (<OE bredweall), stavewall, stickwall
palliate vb whitewash, soothe -
pallid adj ashen, doughy, mealy, wan, ghastly, grey, bleak, white, sickly, ill -
palmtree n - folmtree, handtree
palmary adj - heriworthy
palpitate vb throb -
pamphlet n flyer, folder, leafling leafel
panacea n cure-all,heal-all (not common, but in OED) cureall,allheal (calque)
pancreas n - sweet kernel
pancreas (when used as a food) n gut bread -
panda bear n - (greater) catbear,

eastern bear, eyeshadowbear

pandemonium n - hexkettle (cf. Du. heksenketel)

alfiendness (calque)

panderer n bedbroker
panel n shield, screen, board -
Pangaea n - Alland (all + land; calque)
pangolin n - shaledeer (calque)
panic n fright, elfshot wode, wodening
panorama n - allsight; roundsight (cf. NHG Rundblick)

umsight (see um-)

Panthalassa n - Allsea (all + sea; calque), Worldsea
pants n breeches, britches, shorts, leggings, hosen, strides, slacks, legwear -
pants, under- n undies, underwear, drawers netherlings, underkegs
papaya n - blasterapple (calque of Cuban Spanish "fruta bomba")
paper n

leaf, sheet, looseleaf

blade,


  • 'paper' in OE (from Latin) means papyrus*
papier-mâché n - sheetmash, mashed sheet
para- suffix over- Yond-
parable n likeness, byword -
parachute n

fallward (calque of French parachute, para (defense against) + chute (a fall)

fall catcher

fallshirm (cf. NHG. Fallschirm, Du. valscherm)

paraclete n - forverghost (<OE forforgast)
paradise n heaven, the afterlife fairyard, narxenwong (newtiding of OE neorxnawang; c.f. dark < OE deorc); blessed abode
paradisiacal adj heavenly heavenlike, narxenwongly
parallel adj alongside; akin, matching getherwended, withstraight
parallelogram n - sides alongside; akinside
paralyzed(ysis) adj/n lame(ness), lamed -
paramour n lover leman
paranoia n great fear, maddening fear; mistrust mad mistrust
paranoid n - mad misgiver, overmistruster
paranormal adj witchcraft, otherwordly; nithe, nicor nitheness; overmean
paranthesis n inputmark, sidemark
paraphrase n/vb - n. edwording

vb. edword

parasite n bloodsucker, free rider sidefeeder (calque of Gk. parasitos, para (beside) + sitos (food)
parasitism n bloodsucking, freeriding sidefeeding
parasol n sunshade -
parchment n bookfell -
parent n elder, father or mother, childrearer kennen, akenend (OE cennend), may (OE mǣġ)
parenting n elderhood, childrearing, raising children/a child -
parenthesis n - breeches
parents n elders, folks kennen; akennends, akends (OE cennend), and (OE mǣġas) mays
pariah n outcast, castoff, black sheep -
parietal bone n - skullwall
parish n - bedeshire
park n - ersh (<OE ersc)

parrock, eddish (not exact: yard, field) deerton/deertown (<OE déortún)

parliament n witenagemot (bygone word from OE) folkthing (cf. Dan. Folketinget), stourthing (cf. Nor. Storting), lawthing (cf. SW Lagting), allthing (cf. IC Althing)

ledeward, lawmoot, landmoot (there were shire moots, so this is the whole land)

rikesday (cf. NHG Reichstag, SW Riksdagen), rikesrede (cf. NHG Reichsrat)

forsamening (cf. NHG versammlung), rikesforsamening (cf. NHG reichsversammlung)

parrot n - bleefowl
parsimonious adj mean, stinting, tightfisted flint-skinning
parsley n - crispleaf
part n deal, share, bit -
part vb split, break, sunder -
partake vb have, take with bytake, dealnim; thie (<OE þicgan; c.f. lie < licgan, buy < bycgan)
partial n some bent (on), slanted (toward)
participate vb join in, do with, leap in dealnim (<OE dælniman)
participation n -

join in, joining in

dealnimhood, dealnimness

in the Eucharist:  mansomeness
(<OEġemænsumnes)

participant n - join in, dealnimmer
participle n - dealnimmand (<OE dælnimand)
particle n mote, bit, crumb, mite, nip, shed; fleck, flyspeck, snip wordling grammar
particularly adv namely, above all, all the more, at length, ever so, in the main, more than ever hure (<OE huru), sunderly
partition n wall, wough -
partner vb/n mate

in crime: wisithe (<OE wīġesīþ)

parturition n childbirth, birthing -
party n gathering, fungathering, merrymaking, bash -
parvenu n upstart -
pascal adj - tholing
pass vb overtake, overstep

hand over, give

undergo (cf. NHG untergehen)
passage n path, way, pathway,
footway, footpath
extract: plucking
passage of time n flow of time timeflow
passenger n faregoer faregest (cf. NHG Fahrgast)

byfarer

passion n love love-fire, feel-fire, lithenship (< NHG Leidenschaft)
Passion (Christianity) n - Lithen (< NHG Leiden)

Lithe

passive adj idle throwendly (<OE þrowiendlic)
Passover n - Easter
passport n - wayleave, fareford, trekford
past n/adj bygone, forgone, former, last forthwist (<OE forðgewitan),
forganghood (<NHG vergangenheit),

forgonehood / forgoneness, foretide (cf. IC fortíð)

forebye (cf NHG. vorebei

pasta n noodle, starch starchfood
pasture n grassland, lea, meadow, field leasow
patella n kneecap -
paternal adj fatherly -
Paternoster n Our Father Lord's Bead
Patisserie n Sugarbakery Konditorei, Sugarbakery (German:Zuckerbäckerei ,Swedish:sockerbageri), thus Sugarbaker (German:Zuckerbäcker) for both pastry chef and confectioner as per German.
pathetic adj rueful, ruthful, sad -
pathos n sadness -
patience n forbearing(ness) thild (<OE geþyld, cf. NHG Geduld)
moodthwearness (<OE módþwǽrnes)
patient n - sickling (cf. IC sjúklingur)
patient adj forbearing thildy
(<OE þyld, cf. NHG geduldig); bide-willing.
patria n homeland, fatherland, motherland -
patriarch n elder, eldfather highfather (<OE hēahfæder)
patriarchy n - fatherwield
patrician n - highholder (<OE héahealdor)
patricide n - fatherslaughter, fathermurder
patrimony n fathersland -
patriotic n home-loving landtrothen, fatherlandish (calque)
patriotism n home-love, flag-waving (pejorative) landtrothenness, fatherlandloving, motherlandtrothness
patron n backer, bestower -
patronage n business, trade -
pattern n cut, doing, doings,folkway,
goings-on, layout,
outline,setting,
shape, set-up, warp & woof,
way, ways, weave,
web, yardstick
model: 

Forelay (<NHG. Vorlage)

pause n break, let-up -
paucity n lack, fewness -
pavement n sidewalk, footpath, walkway -
pay vb yield, buy (it), deal (out)

set back (rearranging word order)

betale (cf. NHG bezahlen,
Du. betalen)
payment n fee betaling (cf. Du. betaling,
NHG Bezahlung), scot
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) n handheld, handtop handheld reckoner, handtop reckoner
peace n frith, bliss, rest, restfulness sib (<OE sibbe), grith (<OE griþ)
peaceful adj dovish, restful frithsome (cf. NHG. firedsam,
Du vreedzaam)

grithful (grith + ful)

peach n - perseapple (ancient Greek calque)
peal vb ring, toll -
peanut (OE from Latin) n earthnut, groundnut -
pearl n - seahurst, merhurst
(<OE meregrot 'sea particle',
<OE hyrst 'gem'),

sandhurst

peasant n churl, boor, yeoman, husbandman, landman -
peasant farmer n bour (<OE būr) pl:
bours (<OE būras),

cf. neighbour

peculation n thefting -
peculiar adj freak, unwonted, own markingly (cf. Nw. merkelig)
pedagogue n teacher -
pedal n treadle, footkey, foot board, foot trigger -
pedal adj foot(ed) -
pedantic n/adj

inkhorn(y), know-it-all,
nitpicking, teachy, boorish

n: dryasdust

-
pedestal n - footstone (<OE fótstán)
pedestrian n walker footman, footfarer, footgoer, footganger
pedophile n - childluster
pedophilia n - childlust
peel n husk, rind, shell, skin, strip -
peel vb rend, skin, shell, tear,
pull off, slough off, strip
-
peep vb/n cast, eye; slang: gander -
pegasus n - winged horse
pejorative adj slighting, belittling, down-putting -
pelican n -

wanfoot

dive-dapper or dive-dopper
(<OE dūfedoppa; the first element is
related to the verb "dive", not the noun "dove";

see OED entries
"dive-dap|dive-dop" and "dive-dapper")

pellucid adj unclouded -
pelt n fell, hide -
pen n marker, writing tool, writing needle, writing shaft writler, writingfeather, writingiron
(< OE wrítung-ísen),
writsax (<OE writ-seax),
reed, quill (uncertain origin)
penance n bote -
penchant n leaning, fondness -
pencil n stick leadstick, graystick, writingstick
penetrate vb breach, stab, thrill, bore -
peninsula n neck of land; arm, foreland,
headland, ness, spit, halfeiland (German:halbinsel)
shankdom, as the boot of Italy.
pentagon n - fiveside, fivenook, fivedge
Pentecost n Whitsunday -
penultimate adj last-but-one, next-to-last, forelast -
penis n

pizzle, weapon (<OE wæpn)
dick/cock (both slang; both vulgar),
pintle, tarse (both <OE), yard, shaft (slang),
manhood (slang)

brine hose (slang), 
bockler (Old Norse "bqllr")
penitence n rueness (<OE hreonisse), ruefulness, ruth gild
penurious adj stingy -
people n

folk; throng (group of people)

lede
(<OE lēod, cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden)
pepperoni n - croudedswineflesh
perceive vb wit; see, grasp, behold, smell, smack, fang,
witness; make out

yeme, onget

bemark (cf. NHG./Du. bemerken)
upmark (cf. Du. opmerken)

percent n - hundredth(s), hundredshluti (Icelandic:hundraðshluti)
percentage n - hundredmeal
perception n insight, grip, hold yeming, onget
undergetting, understanding,
truetake, soothtake
percolate vb leach -
perdition vb forelornness forweird (<ME forwī̆rd)
peregrine falcon n duck hawk

duckhawk, wanderfalk
(cf. Dn. vandrefalk, NHG. Wanderfalke)

perfect adj flawless; all-out, blank, blooming, clean, sheer, flat-out;
well done, all done, done throug

bild-board, swotel

fulmade (cf. Du. volmaakt)

perfect vb hone, fullcome -
perfidious adj forsworn; untrue, untrustworthy, trothless -
perforate vb awl, riddle, thrill, stick,
thirl/thurl (< OE thyrel,
now obsolete or dialectal), drill
perform vb do forth, do,
behave, work, play, show

uptread (theatrical; cf. Du. optreden)

theen (<OE ġeþēon)

perfume n -

duft, cride

athelstench (<OE æðelstenċ)
wortbreath (<OE wyrtbrǣþ),

ilmwater (Icelandic:Ilmvatn)

perfunctory adj halfhearted, careless -
period (time) n while, timespan, time frame, spell, stint -
period (punctuation) n fullstop haltmark, stopmark, endmark
perish vb waste, waste away, be wrecked, dwindle; forfare, forworth, swelt (dialectal) dwale
perjure vb/ n forswear, lie under oath,
forsworness, oathbreach, oathbreaking

-

perhaps adv maybe, mayhap, likely byhaps, weenings (<OE wenunga)
perimeter n brim, hem, rim, skirt, edge mireline
perineum n bonch middlecrotch, middlecrook, crabwalk (slang)
period (time) n while, timespan, time frame, spell, stint -
permanence n everlasting, abidingness, timeless, lasting, everliving
permanent adj everlasting, eche (archaic),
timeless, abiding, lasting

highfast (<OE hēahfæst),
foreversome

permafrost n - everfrost
permission n leave, warrant, letting,
green light, furlough
letship, thave (<OE þafian),
tholing tithe financial,
lethood, letship
permit vb/n green-light, leave,
let, go-ahead
thave (<OE þafian),
thole
tithe (<OE tiðian)
pernicious adj baleful, baneful -
pernio n chilblain -
perpendicular adj athwart, straight out from, upright -
perpetually adj ever, everlastingly, for ay, endlessly, unendingly, world without end -
perpetuity, in adv forevermore -
perplex vb bewilder, muddle, befuddle, befog bewonder
persecute vb ail, hound -
persecution n witch hunt, hounding -
perseverance n sticktoitivenesss -
persistence adj steadfastness -
persistent adj steadfast, dogged, bound -
person n

someone, fellow, man,
soul, wight, bloke, being, body

lede/leed(e) (<OE lēod,
cf. NHG Leute, cf. Du. lieden)

mennish (cf. Du. mens;
NHG Mensch)

grammar:
sway (<OE swég)

personal adj selfly, monnly, self, own, inner, innermost, inmost, belittling, near, of oneself mennishly, wightly (calque)
personality n selfhood, mood, self, who-th, ghost, -
personnel n staff, men, ware -
perspective n outlook, ken, wits, witness

edge of sight (point of view)

view, opinion: onsight
(cf. NHG ansicht),

outsight (Eng., cf. Du uitzicht,
<NHG aussicht)

wist (native English kin to
'view' and 'vista'), wholesight

perspicacious adj insightful, keen, shrewd mindswotel
perspicacity n insightfulness,
keenness, shrewdness
-
persuade vb bring, talk into, win over, sway beswipe (<OE beswapan)
pursue vb follow

a new path: tread, beat,

forfollow (cf. NHG verfolgen,
Du. vervolgen)

a new path:beshrithe
(cf. NHG beschreiten)

(see shrithe)

pertinacious adj headstrong, strong-willed -
peruse vb look through, read through -
pervade vb wade (archaic), go through,
spread through, fill with 
forwade (calque), yond-sprout?
(<OE geondsprútan), throughthrust
(<NHG durchdringen)
perverse adj overthwart forchared, bewarped, thirtover,
lewd, wayward, thrawn,
forcouth, untoward
pervert n - lewdster (Shakespeare),

rakehell

pervert vb twist, warp, befoul bewarp, offset, froward
petition vb/n send writ, bene, beseech, beg, ask -
pet name n nickname ekename
petrify vb - stun (<OE stunian)
petroleum n black gold

(fuel:) leaded, unleaded

rock-lime (calque), stonesap
petticoat n - smallpode (<"small" + OE "pād"),
cloak, coat,
and calque of ME pety coote,
from pety (<Fr. Petit) +
coat (<Fr cote)
petulant adj sour, moody, waspish -
pessimism n naysaying, world-weariness -
pessimistic adj downbeat, hopeless, world-weary rainy-brained
peurile n childish, cradle-witted -
phantasm n dream; shade, shadow, wraith -
phantom n ghost -
phalanx n - speerlining
pharaoh n king (of Egypt) Sunking
Pharisee n faker, holier-than-thou, cleanest one, show player Sunderholies (<OE 'sundor-halgan')
Pharmaceutical n heal-middle läkemedel (Swedish)
Pharmacist n
Pharmacy n "drugstore" Läkemedelsshop(Swedish and English calque, from Icelandic "lyfjabúð")
Pharmacy n "medicinal chemistry" Läkemedelsscheidekunde(Swedish and German calque)
pharynx n - retch (cf. NHG Rachen)

swallow (cf. Dan. svælg; Sw. svalg)

pheasant n - wildhen (<OE wildhænn)

woorhen (<OE wōrhana)

phenomenal adj outstanding, astounding sarrow
phenomenon n happening, great show, good show -
-philia sfx -lust -
Philippines n Philipsland
philistine adj uncouth -
philological adj - speechwritlorish
philology n - speechwritlore
philosophy n wisdom, world outlook witlore, lorelief,
wittinglove (calque)
phimosis n - throttling
phlebotomy n bloodletting -
phloem tube n - wortrowel
-phobia sfx -fear -
phobia n fear, misfear, fright, dread -
phobic adj fearful -
phoenix n - firefowl
phone n/vb

n: blower, dog and bone,
farspeaker, handset

vb: ring, tinkle

speechlore (linguistics):
speechlimb, speechwhit (see whit)

phonetic adj - dinly
phonological adj - loudlorish, loudlore-
phonology n -

reardwork, reardlore,
loudlore (cf. NHG Lautlehre),

clanglore

phosphorescent adj - lightshedding
phosphorus n - glowstuff, lightstuff
photograph n shot; lightshot, frame, sight, showing lightbilth (<IC. ljósmynd),
lightwrit, lightdrawing
photography n lightshooting lightbilthwrit, lightwritcraft,
lightdrawingcraft
photon n - lightmote, lightbit,
lightgang (calque)
phrasal adj (grammar) bound, having many words but being one wordstringly, quide (obs.)
phrase n - wordstring, quide (obs.)
phylum n stem, stock, kind -
physics n - worldken
physical adj bodily, bodylike, wordly, earthly lichly, lundsome
physician n leech läkare (Swedish)
piano(forte) n - beatharp(<IC slagharpa); keyharp
pickax n pike -
picture n likeness, drawing, sight, frame, shot, showing

bilth (<OE biliþ,
cf. Sw. bild, NHG
Bild, Scots/Du. beeld)

lightdrawing

picturesque adj fair wlitty (<OE wlitig)

elfsheen (<OE ælfsciene)

pie n bake rindcake
piece n

bit, snead,
shtick (as in my piece/gimmick), clump

piece of art/music work

of silver: silverling pl:
silverlingen (<G, the Dschinghis Khan song,
Judas, specifically)

steck (<OE stycce, cf. NHG Stück)

piecemeal adv

little by little,
step by step, bit by bit

steckwise (cf. NHG stückweise)
pier n landing, wharf, breakwater -
pierce vb bore, hole; gore, spear -
pigeon n dove towndove, mean dove
pile n heap, hill, mound,
mow (hay), swath (corn)
-
pillage vb sack reave
pilgrimage n bead-faring
pillar n mast, pole, stake -
pilot n lodeman, skyship boss,
foreflyer, loftman
skyward
pilot whale n - grindwhale (calque)
pimp n bedbroker -
pimple n wheal -
piñata n - wonderbag (cf. NHG "wunderhüte")

sweetpot

piña colada n - mashed firapple (Spanish calque)
pinch vb

nip, squeeze,
steal, scrimp, nab

-
pine n fir, firtree,
evergreen (more general)
furrowwood (<OE furhwudu)
pineapple n - firapple (cf. Ic. ganaldin)
pinecone n - firtap (cf. NHG Kiefernzapfen)
pioneer n

groundbreaker,
waymaker, pathfinder

foretrecker (cf. Du. Voortrekker)
pioneering adj groundbreaking, waymaking

foremoving,
foretrecking (<Du. Voortrekker)

pious adj godly arefast (<OE arfaest)
pip n

seed; bee's knees, day's eye

kern
pipe n

leat,
reed (in some contexts)

rear (<PG *rauza-;
cf. Sw. rör, NHG Rohr;
cf. "red" = NHG "rot" <PG *raudaz)

pirate n -

seareaver,
shaythman (<OE scegthmann)

pirate captain n -

highseareaver,
highseathief (<OE héahsæþéof)

pisiform bone n - peabone, peashapebone
pistol n gun, gat (informal) staff (cf. ME staf), handgun (<ME hand gunne)
piston n - sucker (cf. Du. zuiger)

pity

n

shame;
kindheartedness, ruth

eärming (<OE earmung)
pivotal adj key -
pixel n dot bilthdot (cf. NHG Bildpunkt)
pizza n - flatcake, clampcake, Rahmflame (<NHG Rahmfladen)
place vb lay, put, stow, put down -
place n spot, berth ord, stead, stow,
lough (<OE lóh)
place, special n - sunderstow (<OE sundorstow)
placenta n afterbirth

mothercake (cf. NHG Mutterkuchen,
SW. moderkaka)

plagiarism n thought-theft -
plague n outbreak folkbane, blightdom, quild-tide
mancwalm/manqualm
(<OE "mancwalm")
plan vb forethink, plot (origin unknown),
draft, hatch
howe (<OE hogian)
plan n layout, outline, draft, framework howe
plank n board, sill -
plankton n - drifter moss
planning n frame, layout, shape,
look, mean
howing
planet n wanderstar, world,
(heavenly) body

tungle (<OE tungol),
wanderer (calque from the Greek)

plant n wort -
plant vb sow, besow, scatter -
planted adj - besowen
plantation n farmstead wortfield, seed farm, sowing field
plasma n - state of matter: stirloft (<IC rafgas)

blood: bloodslime

plaster n/vb

stickum; besmear

limecoat
plastic n - newclay, hardclay, clay-stuff, shape-stuff
plateau n dish; headland flatberg
plate n
  1. dish, bowl, board
  2. dish, helping
  3. layer
-
plate of metal n - clout (<OE clút),
fat/fet (<OE fæt)
platform n deck, staddle; soapbox, flatscape flatstand, flatstead; flatpad
platinum n white gold -
platitude n hackneyed saying flatness (calque)
platypus n watermole, duckbill, duckmole billwight (cf. NHG schnabeltier)

flatfoot (calque of Greek platypus)

birdnose
(calque of Greek ornithorhynchus)

pleasant adj

blessed, darling, dreamy,
good, grateful, heavenly,
sweet, welcome

lief/ liefsome (Eng, NHG. lieb,
Du. lief, calque of all Ger. speech)

faining, listing,

please interj kindly, gladly, fain, if you will

bid (cf. NHG bitte),
liever (from lief)

please vb gladden, list queme
pleased adj blissful, thankful eady, quemed
pleasing adj grateful, welcome quemely (<OE cwémlic)
pleasure n lust, gladness

quemeness (satisfaction),
itheness (<OE īeðnes)

plebiscite n - folkfrain, folkcast, folksay

folkspoll, folksstevening
(Du. volksstemming),
folksanswer (NHG. Volksentscheid)

plectrum n pick harpnail (<OE hearpenægel)
pledge n plight -
pledge vb plight, swear, sicker -
plentiful adj rife, teeming, manyful -
plenty adv enough/enow, many weal
plethora n overflow overmuchness
-plex suf -fold -
plumage n feathers, featherware, hackles -
plumber n - leatfitter, bogfitter,
johnman (slang), leadworker
plumbing n - leadwork
plumbline n - wall-thread (<OE weallþrǽd)
plunder vb - stroud (<OE strūdian)
plunge vb dip, dunk, dive -
plural adj morefold

manifold(ly) (<OE manigfealdlic), manysome 

plus pre and -
plutocracy n - gelddom, goldwield
pluvial adj rain indicator: watergall
pneumatic adj of a woman: shapely thringlofty
pneumonoultramicrosco-picsilicovolcanoconosis n - inbreathedgroundashandsanddustsickness

(inbreathed-ground-ash-and-sand-dust-sickness)

flintstuffdustsickness; (poetic) dusty-lung dree

pocket n bag (<ON) pough (<ME poughe, OE pohha)
poem n lay, yed (in OED, <OE giedd) leeth (<OE leoð),
leethsong (<OE leoðsang),
adight (NHG gedicht)
poet n scop, writer, dighter

shope (<OE scop)
leethwright (<OE leoþwyrhta)

poetry n dighting leethcraft (<OE leoðcræft),
wordcraft, shopcraft
point n tip, tine, nib

score; stake, log

Ord (Eng./NHG. but seldom)
point v token at

point out sth: betoken,
forewarn, make smb aware of

-
pointless adj - sakeless
poison n bane, gall, atter (obsolete or dialectal) -
pole (land/ physics) n axle -
polar (land/physics) adj - axled
polar bear n -

ice bear (NHG Eisbär,
Dan. isbjørn, Du. ijsbeer,
Ic. ísbjörn, Norw. isbjørn,
Swed. isbjörn,
W.Fris. iisbear),
white bear (Far. hvítabjørn,
Ic. hvítabjörn)

polar zone n land of the midnight Sun everfrost belt
pole n -

shot <OE sceāt
"corner, angle, nook,"
cognate of skaut)
worldshot (<IC heimskaut)

polecat n - thummart
polemic n/adj rant -
police n law, lawmen, watchmen, coppers, warders lawthane, warden
policy n - thew (<OE þeaw), steven (<OE stefn, cf. IC stefna)
polite adj becoming, befitting -
political adj

mootish
party: mootband

shirecrafty, shirecunning, rikescrafty, rikescunn, gerecky, flock (Icelandic: flokkur)
politically correct language n - egg-shell speak, gereckspeak
politician n lawmaker shireling, gerecker
politics n - shirecraft, shirecunning, mootsmanship, kingspeak, reevedom, reevecunning, rikescraft, rikescunning

gereck (<OE gehrec "govt mngmnt")

poll n (survey): worthdeem
pollen n bloomdust, father dust
pollute vb foul, befoul, make dirty smear, besnit, besmut, sootdew
pollution n soot-dew, sootdew
poltergeist n - dinghost,
polycephaly n - manyheadedness
polygamist n - maniwed
polyglot n - tonguesmith, manytongue
polygon n - manihern
polyhedron n - manineb
polymorph n - manishape
polymorphism n - manishapedom
polytheism n - sundertroth, sundrytroth, manytroth, sunderoath, sundryoath, manyoath, sundergodtroth, sundrygodtroth, manygodtroth, sundergodoath, sundrygodoath, manygodoath, sundergodbelief, sundrygodbelief, manygodbelief, sundergodbelieving, sundrygodbelieving, manygodbelieving, sundergodworship, sundrygodworship, manygodworship
pomegranate n - seedapple (calque), seedovet (calque)
pompous adj showy, overbearing;
high-flown, boastful
-
ponder vb wonder, eye, think,
weigh, wrestle with
hiler, smigh
pontoon n card game: twenty one sundstall
pony n - horseling
pool (money) n pot -
poor adj in need, on the breadline,
wretched, ill-stared, needy, wantsome

arm (<ENG dialectal ety. 2,
ME, <OE earm) armthy (see armth)

pop (music) n folk folksglee
pope n Holy Father

Romish headrunner
(runner = bishop,
cf. NHG Läufer, Sw. löpare)

Highfather (<OE héahfæder)

popular adj folksy, folkly, folkish -
popularity n - allthede-love (<IC alþýðu-lof)
populate vb - befolk (cf. NHG bevölkern, Du. bevolken)
population n folks

population: befolking


(cf. NHG bevölkerung, Du. bevolking) inhabitants: inwoners
(cf. NHG einwohnern, Du. inwoners)

indwellers, folk, erdeners,
allfolks(allhallows),

dwellerscore, ledescore,

population density n crowding; thickness of settling huddlemete
populism n folks folksdom, folkship, folksric, folkswield, folksreevedom, folkshire
populist adj folksy
populous adj crowded, teeming folkful, folkrich (calque of German)
populus assembly n -

folkforsaming
(calque of many germanic languages) folksgathering, folksmoot

porcelain n shiny earthenware midricware (chinaware)
porcine adj piggish, swinish, boarish, hoggish
porcine n pig, boar, hog, swine, sow, yelt -
porcupine n - quillpig
pore n hole, hidehole, skinhole thirl, sweathole
pork n pig, swine, swineflesh farrow (<OE fearh)
pornography n - whoreshowing
porous adj holey, seepsome siftful, thirl (<OE thyrel)
porpoise n mereswine -
porridge n mush, oatmeal -
port n harbour, haven ford, hythe
portable adj handheld ferryworth
portmanteau n - word: mingleword
(cf. Du. mengwoord)
portal n doorway, door, gate, gateway

rother (<OE rodor)

portend vb

bode, by-sen, forerun,
ill-bode, foreshadow, forewarn

-
portent n - foretoken, boding
portentous adj

doomy, foreboding,
ill-boding, threatening;
awesome, stunning, wonderful

-
portion n deal, lot, share, dole -
portrait n likeness (of) bilth, mealing
position n berth steadholding
positive (aspect) n upside -
positive adj - mathematics: overnaught
possess vb

own, owe; devilsicken,
bewitch, take, take over

-
possessed adj

devilsick, fiendsick, owned, ought,
owed,own, giddy,
bewitched, deviltaken,
deviled (Sir John Cheke)

-
possession n ownership, belonging, ought ownedness, havings
possibility n likelihood, likeliness

mailihood,
mightliness, maybehood,

acendliness (<OE ácendlicnes), acumendliness (<OE ácumendlicnes)

possible adj likely, maily (<FR mooglik) maybesome,
doughtbefall, dowedbefall, hapsome, mightsome, within reach,
acumendly (<OE ácumendlic)
possibly adv maybe, likely, likelily maily
post- pref after- -
posterior n rump, back(side) -
posteriority n afterness -
posterity n offspring

-

postexistence n

afterlife, afterbeing,
the beyond, the great beyond,
the next world, other world,
the great unknown

-
posthuman n - afterwere, gearwere,
beyond mankind
posthumanism n - afterweredom, gearweredom
postpone vb forestall, put off, call off forshove (for- "away" + shove,
cf. NHG verschieben), forslow
post script (p.s.) n afterthought afterword, afterwrit (a.w.)
potassium n - potash (pot-ash), potashstuff
potato n earthapple, spud, tater, tatty

nightshade runner ('solanum tuberosa'),
shaderoot, breadroot

potential adj likely, maybe maily
potential n strength, fitness, wherewithal -
potentiometer n volt knob -
potion n - tiverdrink (cf. Du. toverdrank), lib
pouch n bag (<ON) pough (<ME poughe, OE pohha) pung (<OE pung, cf. Sw., Dn. pung)
poultry n

fowl, barnyard birds,
bird meat

-
pour vb teem, skink, shink,
sie, yote

yeat; birle drink

poverty n need, want; dearth, drought, wantsomeness armth, armhood
powder n/vb

dust; beat,
crush, grind

power n

grip, sway, strength,
brawn, might, mains

thrith (<OE thryth)

wield/wold/wald (<OE weald)

special: sundercraft (<OE sundorcræft)
supreme: douthmight (<OE duguþmiht)

power vb drive, feed -
power line n mains line spark rope
powerful adj heavy, mighty, strong

thrythswythe (<OE þrȳþswȳð)

power supply n mains brick -
practical adj working; earthy, down-to-earth -
practically adv

about, all-but, fair, fairly,
more or less, nearly, well-nigh

-
practice vb/n -

n: oving
(cf. NHG Übung,
Du oefening) vb: ove (<PG ōbijaną
cf. NHG üben,
Du oefenen/ LG. öven)

pragmatic adj hardheaded, down-to-earth -
praise n -

heriness (<OE herenes),
hering (<OE herung), lof (<OE

praise vb - hery (<ME heryan)
pram n buggy push-wainling (Barnes)
prayer n bead ben, boon
beadred (<OE bedræden),
forben
prayerful adj - beadful
pre- pref fore- -
preach vb - athelbid
preacher n - athelbode (<OE éðelboda)
preamble n foreword, inleading, forespell -
precaution n forecare -
precede vb herald, forerun -
preceding adj before-time, fore-time -
precinct n space: pen
pedestrian zone: walkway
-
precipitation n rainfall, snowfall,
downsheet, breefall
downsheet
precious adj dear, dearworth, dearworthly -

preciousness

n dearworthiness -
precise adj - -
precisely adv well -
preclude vb forestall, foreclose -
precocious adj ahead rathe-ripe, rathish
precognition n foreknowledge, foreboding -
precursor n forerunner, before-runner, forebear -
predator n hunter (in some contexts)

reavedeer (cf NHG. Raubtier,
Du. roofdier), flesheater

predecessor n forerunner; forebear, forefather foreling (by analogy to afterling)
predestination n wyrd/weird, doom, foredooming

weird, coring,
foreteeing (<OE foreteohhung)

predetermine vb foredoom, forechoose -
predicament n swamp, catch 22, sticky wicket hardfettle
predict vb

foretell, foresay, beeforesay, before-tell, foresee,
forecast, soothsay, foreshow

-
prediction n

foretelling, foresight, foretelling,
forecast, soothsaying,
foreshowing

-
predominant adj overweighing -
preeminent adj foremost elderdomly (<OE ealdordomlice)
preexistence n aforeness, beforeness,
forebeing
-
prefabricated adj ready-made, ready-built,
forewrought
fore-timbered(houses)
preface n foreword

throughlook(ing)
(<OE þurhlōcung)

prefect n - fyrdenhighshireman
prefer vb forechoose, (would) rather, wouldsooner, fain beliken
preferable adj -

liever, as lief
(Eng. NHG. lieber, Du. liever)

preference n Forechoice beliking, forechoosing
prefigure vb foreshadow, foreshow -
prefix n - forefastening
pregnant adj with child, heavy (with child) bearing
prehistoric adj - yesteryorely
prehistory n - yesteryore

study: forewritlore

prejudice(al) n/adj foredeem(ing) -
prejudge vb foredeem -
prelude n foreword, warm-up, before-runner forspell
premature adj untimely, unripe, early, betimes (literary) foreripe
prematurely adv beforehand, oversoon -
premeditated adj forethought -
premier adj foremost, first -
premise n

given, forestep, if; toft (building site')

forehedging
premonition n forefeeling, foreboding -
preoccupy vb

-

forebusy
preparation n gearing up,

reening, readying, foregearing,
gearwing (<OE gearwung)

prepare vb

taw, fit, fix, groom, lay, ready;
draft, draw up, frame;
lay out, foreready, forework

reen (<OE renian),
prepared adj ready, tawed, neat, foreworked, forereadied -
preposition n -

foreput, foresetness
(< Ælfric's OE calque 'foresetnes')

prepuce n foreskin -
prequel n - forefollow, forebook
prerequisite n - foreneed
prescience n

foreknowledge;
farsightedness,
oresightedness, forethought

forewisdom
prescient adj

foreknowing, farseeing, farsighted,
forehanded, foreseeing,
forethoughtful, forward

-
prescribe vb lay down forewrite
presence n sight; look, outside at-ness, theresomeness, onbe-hood

,
onbe-hood, theresomeness

present adj

in; ongoing, nowaday,
today's, now's, nowadays',
running, nowen

onbe-ish,
andward (<OE andweard),
gainward (cf. NHG gegenwart),

nowa

present n

here and now, today; gift, handsel

nowtide, nowtime, nonce,
time being, now, grammar: andward
(<OE andweard)

present vb

show; give, bestow, furnish,
put forth, set forth, bring forth

foredraw/foredrag
(calque of all Ger. speeches),
forthset, forthput, overreach
(cf. Ger. überreichnen)

submit: forelay (cf. NHG vorlegen)

Presentation of the Lord n Candlemas -
presentiment n forefeeling -
preserve vb forlast, hain, keep,
uphold, aspare
preside vb steward, overlook foresit over
president n -

foresitter (calque),
kithhead, stoolman, landleader

presque vu n - nighseen
press vb thring, thrutch -
press down vb - bethryck (<OE beþryccan)
pressure n - thringmight, thryck
prestige n standing, swey, weight -
presume vb foreguess, daresay athrist (<OE áthristian)
presumably adv likely, seemingly -
presumptuous adj uppity, overweening, daring -
presuppose vb - forettle, forise (<OErǣswian)
pretend vb do as if, play as if, sham, put on, fake bebraid (< OE bebregdan), braid (< OE gebregdan), hue (< OE hiwian), let (<OE lætan), fordo, formake
pretender n would-be, fake, faker -
pretend friend n back-friend -
pretense n

put-on, show; high horse

-
pretentious adj showy, hoity-toity,
over the top, kitsch
-
prevail vb hold up, keep up, last throughswithe (<OE þurhswiðan)
prevalent adj rife
prevent vb

hinder, forcome, forbid,
forestop, forestall, forehinder

let (<OE lettan), forstand
preview vb/n forelook, forepeek,
foreshow, foreshowing
-
previous adj former, last, latter,
foregoing, earlier, yester, back-a-long
-
previously adv

afore, already, before,
beforehand, earlier, formerly

-
prey n (the) hunted (in some contexts) feng (<OE)
price n outlay, worth
pride n orgul (archaic) unmoodness (<OE unmōdnes)

highmoodness (<OE hēahmōdnes)

stout

priest n hallower (Old Testament), elder (New Testament, < Gk πρεσβύτερος), ghost-man (heathen), cleric (paynim)
prima donna n leading lady, first lady; angry woman, showy woman -
primacy n - foremostness, elderdom (<OE), apeness
primary adj foremost, first, erst, main -
prime adj main, head -
primer n starter futhorc writ, firstbook
primeval adj hoary, olden -
prince n frim, atheling, highness

high earl, kingling,
furst (cf. NHG Fürst, Du. vorst),

breg (<OE brego "prince; lord; ruler")

princess n highness

queenling, high earlin, fursten
(cf. NHG Fürstin, Du. vorstin),

briggen (<OE brego + -en)

edeth (<OE ides "woman of nobility")

principality n - frimdom (<OE fruma),
high earldom,

bregdom (<OE brego + -dom)

principle n - howing, eldertruth
principle adj main, foremost, first, head -
print vb -

thrick (< OE þryccan), forlau, outlay

printing press n - thrycker, thringing thryck calque
prior adj before(hand), earlier -
priority n right-of-way forerank, foreweight,
foreness, forehood, beforeness
prism n block andleamer
prison n clink, lockup, pound, slammer fangness (<OE root fang (now dial. (capture) + -ness <OE) (like Dutch gevangenis or German Gefängnis dung (<OE dung)
prisoner n inmate haftling (<OE hæftling, cf. NHG Häftling)
pristine n earliest, firstness, speckless, spotless - yoreness, orhood, fromfirst
private adj hidden, hushed, shut, asunder, set away dern, onelepy (<OE anlipig), sunder, wightly (calque of personal)
privilege n right, freedom sunderfreedom (<OE), sundergift (cf. OE sundorgiefu)
privileged adj gifted -
privy n outhouse, backhouse dern
pro n craftsman -
probability n likelihood, likeliness, odds
probable adj likely -
probably adv likely, in all likelihood, likely enough, maybe, most likely, belike trueshinely (cf. Du. waarschijnlijk, NHG wahrscheinlich)
probe vb prod -
probity n uprightness -
problem n worry, kinch, bugbear, reck, hang-up, hitch, snag, rub, pitfall, fall, downside, drawback -
problematic adj worrysome -
procedure n - forsetting (cf. Da. fortsætte, Sw. fortsätta), forfareld
proceed vb go forward, go forth, forthpass, go on, go ahead yede, forefare, forthfare,, forthgo
proceeding n - foregoing, foregang (cf. NHG Vorgang)
process vb -

forework, forthfaring, forfare (cf. NHG verfahren), taw

process n -

foregang (cf. NHG Vorgang), workway

processor n computer: mainframe telcruncher, reckoner
proclivity n forelike, forelove towardbend
procrastinate vb forresten
procreate vb beget, breed -
procurator n - highshireman (<OE hēahscīremann)
procure vb - beshape (cf. NHG beschaffen)
product n ware -
prodigy n - wonderchild
prodigal adj spareless unbridled, feespilling
produce vb beget, breed, bring about, bring forth, draw on, work, yield, forthbring
produce n handiwork, output, thing, work, yield, outcome  -
production n yield, output, handiwork forthbringing
productive adj waresome, thrifty, yoelding forthbear (<OE forþbære)
productivity n output
proem n foreword -
professional adj skilled -
professional n worker, craftsman -
professor n lorespeaker, loregiver -
profit n gain, boot, yield, winnings, earnings -
profitable adj worthwhile -
proficiency n skill -
profound adj underlying, deep -
profoundly adv underlyingly, deeply, groundly -
profusely adv phr flow thickly, running overly, teemingly -
profusion n beteeming -
progenitor n

begetter, elder, father, forebear, forefather, fore-elder, forerunner

-
program n - foredraught, broadcast, sending (see source code)
language: draft writ
progress n inroads, headway forthship (<OE forþscype), forthstride
progressive adj forward, late, broad-minded, cutting-edge forblowing
prohibit vb forbid, forfend -
project n work howe, goalwork
projector n beamer -
prokaryote n - forenut, forekern (calque)
proletariat n churls, boors, thralls, hirelings, knaves; thralldom churldom, boordom, knavedom
prolific adj fat, lush, rich birthy, broodful, birthful
prologue n foretale -
promiscuous vb bed-hop -
promiscuous adj bedhopping -
promise n behight, oath, troth, foreword -
promise vb behight, swear; forebode forspeak (NHG. versprechen), forhight (cf. NHG verheissen)
promontary n headland, foreland, ness, bill, (Portland Bill); hoe -
promote vb uprear, (up)further, boost -
prone adj given, open; helpless alout (<OE áloten), forthlout (<OE forþlútan), onfally (<NHG anfällig, see onfall)
pronghorn antelope n - tinedeer, outrunning tinehorner
pronoun n - byname (<OE binama), forename (<OE forenama)
pronounce vb say speak out, outspeak (cf. NHG aussprechen, Du. uitspreken)
pronunciation n - wordway, loudcarve (<IC. hljóðkerfi), outspeaking, outspeech (cf. NHG aussprache, Du. uitspraak), how to say [it]
proper/correct: rightsteven (<OE rihtstefn)
proof n witness shedding, reckonedness (<OE gerecednes), bewise (cf. NHG beweisen, Sw. bevisa, others)
propel vb thrust, drive, drive forth -
proper adj fitting, meet, seemly, right, true, echt bedavenly (<OE gedafenlic)
proper noun n self-name ownname (NHG Eigenname, Du. eigennaam)
property n ownings, holdings;
hallmark, belongings
ownhood, owndom (<NHG. eigentum)
private: sunderfee (<OE sundorfeoh), landgood (Du. landgoed), eaght (<OE æht)
prophesy vb foretell, foresee, soothsay, say sooth spae
prophesy n foresight, boding, foretelling, soothsaying spaedom, spaeing
prophet n seer, soothsayer, foresayer, before-sayer, before-speaker spaesayer
proposal n foreset forthput, forthputting
propose vb foreset, put forth, say forthput, forthsay
propriëtor n householder, owner, >landlord/lady -
propulsion n thrust -
proscribe vb forbid -
prosecute v - forfollow (cf. Du. vervolgen, NHG. verfolgen)
prosecution n - forfollowing (cf. Du. vervolging, NHG verfolgung)
proselyte n freshman (Sir John Cheke) -
prosopagnosia n - neb blindness
prosper vb thee -
prosperity n theedom forblowing (<OE blowan)
prosperous n frim (physically), lush theely, wealth-owning, wellhaven (cf. NHG wohlhabend)
prostitute vb whore -
prostitute n hooker, whore, streetwalker, hustler -
prostrate adj aground -
prostrate oneself (to) vb lay aground before hien (<OE hīenan, lit. "to lie prostrate")
protagonist n - headfellow (cf. Dan. hovedperson)
protarchæopteryx n - foreorfowl, first orbird
protect vb ward, shield, forstand, beshield, frith -
protection n shield, ward lewing (<OE hleowung), mundwist (<OE mundwist)
protective adj - mundly (<OE mundian), wardly
protector n warden holdand (<OE healdend)
protégé n ward -
protein n - eggwhite (cf. NHG Eiweiß, Du. eiwit)
protest n/vb witness; uproar, outcry wrangle, gainsay -

forstride

Protestant (< Lat. pro testare, “for a witness”) adj witnessing, faithful, gospelling; true faith; speaking out against lies for the troth
Protestant n witness for Christ, faithful, gospeller, true believer; speaker against lies
proto- pref ere, ere-, or-, ur- -
Proto-Germanic n - eretheedish, ortheedish
proton n - erebit, firstbit; watermaker
protoplasm n - ereslime, orslime

protrude

vb stick out, jut -
protuberance n knob, outgrowth -
proud adj haughty, showy, overbearing, self-worshipping, lofty, stout rank (<OE ranc), stolt (<OE stolt, cf. NHG stolz)
prove vb show, truthen, witness, settle soothe (OE 'soþian,' ME 'sothen'), bewise (<NHG beweisen, Sw. bevisa, others)
proverb n byword, saying, saw, folksay(ing) -
provide vb afford, feed, give, hand over beheft
province n - landshare; outland, folkshire (<OE folcscearu)
provocateur n - gremer (<OE gremung)
provocation n - greming (<OE gremung)
prow n foreship -
prudence n forewit, sparefulness, wariness, wisdom, long-thinkingness
prudent adj forewitting, spareful, wary, wise, long-thinking
prune n plum -
pruning n shredding, shreading (in OED, obsolete; <OE scrēadung) -
Prunus Spinosa n blackthorn, sloe sloethorn (<OE slāhþorn)
Prussia n Pruceland, Leatherland
pry vb 1. key-hole 2. uproot -
prying n/adj key-holeing -
pseudo- n fake, -like lease-
psychedelic adj - soulkithing, mindopening, mindrooming, soulopening (cf. Sw. "själsöppnande")
psychiatrist n shrink mindhealer, soulkithler, mindlore(wo)man
psychiatry n - soulkith (cf. Du. seelkunde), mindkith
psychic n - soulsman, mindsman
psychic adj - soulish, mindish
psychologist n shrink mindlorer, mindloreman
psychology n - mindlore
psychopath adj - mindsick, mind-ill
psychotropic/psychoactive adj - mindwending
pubic bone n - shamebone
pub(lic house) n inn, alehouse, boozer -
public n - openlihood (cf. NHG Öffentlichkeit)
public adj open, mean openly, folkly (calque from Latin)
public servant adj - theen, onbidsman
public toilet n - outhouse
publication n uttering foropening (cf. NHG veröffernlichung), abaning
publish vb utter (lasted in New English until around 1740, when “publish” overtook it), forthset, bring out, forthsend lay down: forlay (cf. NHG verlegen), outlay, foropen (cf. NHG veröffenlichen), aban (<OE abannan)
publisher n - utterer; forlayer, forlay house (cf. NHG verlag), abaner
pulsate vb beat, throb -
pulse n 1. beat, throb 2. bean -
pumice n - foamstone
pumpkin n marrow tillberry, harvestball
punch vb clout handstrike, fiststrike, dunch
punctuation n - tokenmark, tokensetting (cf. NHG Zeichensetzung, Dan. tegnsætning)
punish vb wreak, smite strafe (<NHG), witten (<OE wítnian), give back
punishment n wreak wreaking, smiting, strafing (<NHG), wittening (<OE wítnung), giveback (< payback)
pup n whelp -
pupil n of the eye: strale -
puppet n cat's paw handdoll (cf. NHG Handpuppe)
purchase vb buy, take -
pure adj clean, sheer, white swotel (<OE sweotol)
purebred adj thoroughbred -
Purgatory n - Sweepfire (cf. NHG Fegefeuer), Otherworld, Roufrithsoned Engliſh: Fowening
purge vb cleanse furb
purify vb cleanse beswotel
purple n - bawse (<OE basu), fishdye (<OE fiscdēah), tiver (<OE teafor), woaden (<OE wæden), redblue, bluered (<OE blēorēod), clamhue, clam
purple dye n - welktallow (<OE weoloctælg)
purple martin n - bawseswallow, blueswallow
purpose n sake, goal -
pursue vb follow, shadow, tail -
pursuit n following, shadowing, tailing woath (<OE wāþ)
purveyor n monger -
pus n atter -
push vb shove, thrust, thrutch outarm
pusillanimous n weak-minded
pustule n pock, w(h)eal, whelk
putrefaction n rot(ting) addleness
puzzle n/vb brainteaser, riddle -
pygmy n dwarf; Tom Thumb -
pyramid n - fourflat (cf. Du. viervlak)
pyromania n - firemadness
pyromaniac n kindler, enkindler firesetter
pyrophobia n - fireawe, firefear, baleyse (<OE bælegsa)
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