Staff S of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Freesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
sabotage vb cripple, undermine? (mine is from Old French) underdelve (from undermine), undergrave
saboteur n - crippler
sacred adj holy, hallowed -
Sacrament n holy oath, holy undertaking, hallowing forhallowing, holy work, holy-work (<OE haligweorc)
sacrifice vb/n give, give up,  bloot (<OE blotan), offer/offering
sacrilege n unholiness holishending (cf. Du heiligshennis) (to shend, to defile)
sacrilegious adj unholy, sinful -
sacrosanct adj holy, hallowed -
sacrum n - holybone, roodbone
sadism n fiendishness, heartlessness meanlove, meanlust
sadistic adj heartless, coldhearted overtuly
safe n strongbox -
safe adj sound, fast; white; trusty, good, sheltered, shielded -
safehouse n frithhouse (<OE friþhūs)
safety n shelter, wholeness, soundness, frith (archaic) munding, frith
safe space n haven, hugbox frithyard (<OE friþġeard)
sagacious adj

insightful, witty, foresightful

rede hedging, redhedging (<OE rǽdhycgende), hyesnotter (<OE hygesnottor), redesnotter, redsnotter (<OE rǽdsnotor), searthinkle (<OE searuþancol), shedwise (<OE scéadwís), smighful, smigh (<OE sméah), wisefast (<OE wísfæst), awittle, yarewittle (<OE gearuwitol)

sagacity n wit-hood, withood, wit and wisdom.
Saint (St.) n Holy -
saint n - holyman, hallow
sainthood n hallowdom -
saliva n spit -
salamander n - landwater athex, land-newt, land-eft
salary n earnings, income, salt toll
sally vb/n outfall
salmon n - lax (<OE leax)
saltire n Andrew's Rood (cross) -
salutary n friendly, good, helpful, kindly; good, healthy, wholesome -
salutation n greeting, welcome, hail -
salvation n lifeline

redding (<OE hreddung) halwendness (<OE hālwendnes)

salvo n unload, outburst -
sample vb to have a smack of, fore smack -
samurai n -Easternwye dawnlandish knight
sanctify vb hallow, behallow -
sanctioned adj law-hallowed
sanctuary n haven, grith, holyroom, hallow, holystead, frithhouse, frithstow -
sane n - witfast
sans prep without -
Santa Claus n Father Christmas -
sapient n much wise; aware -
sapphire adj/n - bluehurst
sarcophagus n - stonethrough, sunkingthrough (Egypt)
sasquatch n Bigfoot -
Satanism n Heathenish Ostroth; Satandom; Satan-worship
satchel n knapsack, rucksack -
satellite n moon

artificial: ironmoon, swail searsender, umworld loftvat ("around-world-air-vessel" att'd on the Old English Wikipedia as ymbeworuldlyftfæt) / * NB: 'ump-' as in 'umpteen' = around an amount

satiate vb fulfill, quench, slake -
satire(ist) n heaning, heancraft(er), heanwriting(er) -
satisfaction n gladness

quemeness (<OE cwemness), eadiness, befrithening (cf. NHG Befriedigung), itheness (<OE īeðnes)

satisfy vb gladden, slake, fulfill, sate, quench

queme, afill, befrith, sede (<OE sēdan)

saturate vb sop, soak, steep indrench (<OE indrencan), sab (cf. SC sab)
Saturday n - Sunneve (<OE sunnanǣfen, akin to NHG Sonnabend, W.Fries. sneon)
sauce n dip -
sauerkraut n - sourcole
sauna n steam room hot-house, hotroom, sweatbath
sausage n pudding, banger swineflesh, meary (<OE mearh), worsh (cf. G. wurst)
savage adj/n wild; wilder wildard
savanna n - wendringly grassland, bareland (cf. Eng. barrens)
save vb spare; keep, hold nerry (<OE nerian akin to NHG nähren, cf. OE herian -> NE herry)<br />redd (<OE hreddan 'to free from recover rescue save take away'), barrow (<OE beorgan 'to save, preserve', OHG bergan, ON bjarga), hain, stow, hoard, heal
savior n sparer healand (cf. NHG Heiland, from OHG Heliand 'the healing one')
halend, healer, healant (<OE hælend, in light of MnE 'coolant')

ner(i)gend (<OE, 'the Savior', cf. nerian)

savory adj smeckfull hearthaft (cf. NHG herzhaft), defty (cf. NHG deftig)
Saxon n - Saxish
Saxony n - Saxland (<OE Seaxland), Saxes, Saxen
saxophone n saxhorn -
scald vb forseethe -
scale vb climb -
scale n layout, frame, framework, mete, setup animal skin: shale (<M. Eng. schale)
scalpel n - leechsax
scandium n scadistuff (<OE scedenig "south end of Sweden")

scapegoat

n - fenman (from Old Dutch thews of offering a man-bloot by either throwing the chosen into a fen, lynching them or throwing them into streams to undo the anger of the gods.); folk-devil.
scaphoid bone n - boatbone
scapula n shoulderbone, wingbone -
scar n blight, blotch, flaw, pockmark, wale, weal, wheal, wen, welt -
scarabaeus stercoreous n - turd-weevil
scarce adj light, sparing; lacking, low, shy, wanting latesome (<OE lætsum and <ME latsǒm)
scarcely adv barely, hardly, narrowly, slightly -
scarcity n lack, shortness, seldomness, fewness, dearth -
scarf n - neckcloth (cf. Sw. halsduk; Dn. halstørklæde
scarlet adj bawsebrown wormred (<OE wyrmread)
scatophilia n - dritelust
scatter vb broadcast, cast, deal out, go-off, go through, let go, oversow, overspread, put to flight, spread, strew -
scene n background, setting; blowup, fireworks; footing -
schadenfreude "n" harmglee; warkglee
schizoid adj - splitlike (calque of Gk. schizein "split, break, shatter" and -oeides "like")

cleavemindy; mindcleavish

schizophrenia n - splitmindness, shattermindness (calques of Gk. schizein "split, break, shatter" and phrēn "mind, understaing"), kithshatter, kithcleave (cf. Ic. geðclofi), wit-cleftness
scholar n learner; bookman loreman; fieldknower, learnand; writman; wordman; booklover
scholarship n knowledge, learning bookhood, loreship; writdom
school n - lorehall, learnhall, teachhall
science n knowledge, ken; lore, wisdom witship (cf. Du. wetenschap, NHG Wissenschaft); kendom; Knownshaft (cf. Many germanic roots)
scientist n knower

witshipper (cf. Du. wetenschapper, NHG Wissenschaftler)

loreman, kenman, knowledgeman

scientific adj wisdomly, cunning; -craftly worldkenly, witshiply, lorely
scientific language n -

craftspeech (<OE cræftspræc); cunningtongue

scintillate vb sparkle, flash, shine, leam -
scissors n blades shears (Scots cf. NHG. Scheren)
-scope sfx - -seer
scorpion n - stingtail, night-sting
scoundrel n - makeshift
scout n pathfinder foretrekker (< Afr. voortrekker, 'pioneer')
scowling adj - black-browed, wild-eyed
screen n sheet, sail, shroud shirm (<PG skirmiz, compare Du. scherm NHG. Schirm)
scribe n writer, logger bookman
scrotum n ballsack*, sack* (*"sack" is an Old English loan word from Latin saccus); hanger cod (<OE codd), ballbag (Scots bawbag, OE. beall and ON. baggi), sceallen bag (<OE sceallan "testicles"; <ON baggi)
scrutinize vb - scrut (<OE scrutinan), gaumgive (<Ic. gaumgæfa)
scrutiny n - shroutening (<OE sċrūtnung)
scuba n - siubt (Self-Inheld Underwater Breathing Tool)
sculpt vb carve, hew, shape, trim -
sculpture n carving -
sea monster n merfiend fivel (<OE)
search vb seek; rake, comb, delve, hunt, cape nease (<OE neosan, to search out, find out by enquiry), speer (<OE spyrian)
search word n headword seekword
season n time, tide sele (<ME), yeartime, yeartide (by analogy from German Jahrzeit)
seat of joy n - gleestool (<OE glīwstōl)
sebum n tallow -
secede vb leave, withdraw, cleave, sunder, split off offsplit
secession n selfhhod, self-standing, freedom; withdrawal, walking away, breakaway, breakup, cleaving, sundering, splitting off selfstead; offsplitting; frith
secessionist n freedomfighter offsplitter
second n moment: tick, eyeblink 

nutlog  (hour: log,  minute: shortlog)

second adj twoth next, other, after (obsolete), twithe (twi- + th as in four-th)
secret adj/n

adj: dern, hidden, withdrawn, unseen, inward, stealthy, untold, unbeheld, underground, underhanded, hushhush, inly

n: dern

n: hiddle (<OE hydels), dyle (<ME diȝel, <OE dīegol hushthought, hushword, roun(d) (< OE run, 'mystery, secret, rune'), hem (cf. NHG. heimlich NHG "geheim", Du. "geheim", Sw. "hemmelighet", Da. "hemmelig")

secret society n - himebind (cf. NHG "geheimbund") stealthfay (cf. Ic. "seynifélagið"), hidden guild
secretary n reeve; helper, greeter inwriter
secrete vb seep, leak, ooze -
sect n block, body afterfollowing (<OE æfterfylgung)
section n bit, block
secular adj worldly, of this world, earthly -
secular n worldling; worldhood -
secularize vb - formean, forworlden (cf. NHG verweltlichen)
secure adj

shielded, belayed, fast, steadfast

inshielded, ward, warded, warden, wardened (Germanic), wardenenen (Germanic), bewardened, bewarden, guardened (Germanic), guarden (Germanic)

fast (<OE fæst )

secure vb shield, ward, warden (Germanic), beward, guard (Germanic), ice, more, set, fasten inshield, mound/mund (<OE mundian 'to protect, shelter, guard)

awork (cf. NHG erwirken)

security n fastness; stronghold, bulwark -
sediment n dregs, silt, draff, dross -
seduce vb fortee, lead on spane (<OE spanan), adwell, bepeach (<OE bepǣċan)
segment n lith; string, thread -
segregation n - beshedding, asunderhood
seize vb hold, hend, clutch, take, gripe

fang (<OE fangen), reach (<OE geræcan), lach/laght, laught, or lachen for past tense, participle, or as an adjective (<ME lacchen, cf. OE læccan)

seizure n fit -
select vb choose, pick, wale -
selenium n - moonstuff
self-effacement n - self-naughting
self-esteem n self-worth -
self-restraint n - forhaveness (<OE forhæfnes)
semester n sixmonth, half-year -
seminar n workshop -
sempiternity n - endlessness, unendinghood, alwayness, everlastingness
semi- pref half-, sam-/sand-/some- (<OE sam-) -
semicircle n - halfring, samring
semisphere n - halfball, samball
senate n witenagemot witansmoot, witansimoot; eldermoot [elder: <L. senex + moot (council)]
senator n witan folkwit (<OE folcwita), elder
senile adj doddery, doddering, elderly, old, doted -
senior n - sinny (cf PG sinīgaz and calque of Goth sineigs)
senior citizens n elderly, old folks, eldfolk, eldman, the old -
sensate adj feeling -
sensation n 1. feeling 2. upthrill
sensational adj amazing wuldersome
sense n 1.feeling 2. meaning; wit(s) seave (<OE sefa)
sense vb feel -
senseless adj/n feelingless -
senses n the five wits
sensible vb - feelbere (calque), begetful
sensitive adj feeling, keen, sharp -
sentence n wordset; byword, saw (etym. 2), wordstring, saying quide (<ME, OE cwide)
sentence vb doom -
sententious adj pithy -
sentience n awareness awaredom (obsolete OED word)
sentient life n wight, being, all flesh -
sentiment n feeling, thought -
separate vb sunder, split, break, cleave, fork shed (<ME sheden: cf. NHG/Du. scheiden)
separate adj sundry, freestanding, sunder, cleave, cloven shedded
separation n splitting, split shedding, asunderhood, asunderness
September n - Holymonth (which was noted in OE), Sheddingmonth, Harvestmonth (<OE)
Septuagesima n - Berueingtide (<OE berwosungtid)
sepulchre n moldstow (O.E.)
sequel n - afterfollowing, forthsetting (<NHG Fortsetzung)
sequence n aftermath, backwash, child, outcome, outgrowth, upshot; string; setup gatherbinding
sequential adj back-to-back, straight, through fayed, gatherbinding
sequoia n - ettinfirwood (cf. Du. reuzenpijnboom)
series n line, stream
(entert.) saga
-
serious adj earnest, unfunny, heavy, weighty -
seriously adv earnestly, thoroughly, wholeheartedly, with heart & soul, willingly, agoodly, weightily -
serpent n snake, worm (<OE wyrm), adder slang (cf. NHG Schlange, Du. slang, Da. slange)
servant n help, helper; hireling, besteader

housekeeper, maid (fm.), dey (fm.), bondsman, loaf-eater, shalk, man, boy, may, thane, (<OE þegn), thrall, knight

thew (obs.), theener, theen (<OE þēonest cf. NHG Diener), ambight (<OE ambiht)

serve vb help, dish, hye, bestead, give

theen (<OE þeġnian cf. NHG/Du. dienen), thew, ambight (<OE geambihtan; onþéowian)

serve

a meal

vb help, give mess (<ME messen)

"Could you mess out the bread and ale for our guests?"

server n sender, broadcaster, outputter, mainframe -
serf n bondman, thrall -
service n besteading, help, choosing

theen (<OE þēnest and akin to NHG Dienst), followth (<OE folgþ and ME)


servile adj bowing, scraping; thrallish thewly (<OE þéowlic)
servitude n threwdom (<OE þēowdōm)
session n sitting, stint -
settlement (foreign suffix) n hem, thorpe/thorp/dorp, wick, town, whistle-stop settling, hemling, ham
several adj sundry -
severe adj stern, hard, harsh, tough, thorough -
severely adv hardly, roughly, sternly, stiffly; -
sewer n drain, sieve -
sex n kind folkhalf, hade
sex act n kin-making, lovemaking, breeding swiving, heamedlock (<OE hæmedlac)
fleshly knowledge, bysleep (cf. NHG Beischlaf, DU bijslaap)
sexual reproduction n breeding swiveful matchyielding, swiveful matchbearing
sexy adj

fetching, comely, hot, steamy, sultry,

come-hither

-
shark n haye, dogfish highcarl (cf. O.N. hákarl), dreadfish, sea dog
shingles n tetter -
Shintoism/Shinto n Way of the Gods Waygoddom, Shintodom (no direct translation)
shoelace n shoestring -
shoe polish n blacking (earliest name for shoe polish)
shortage n dearth

shortdom, shorthood, lack is Germanic but not Old English (seemingly)

show mercy vb spare orefast/arfast (<OE ārfæstan)
shrapnel n - blastfall, blastrain, blastbits
shrine n weved (OED ‘altar’) wighbed (<OE wigbed = altar)
Sicillian adj Sicilish (<OE Sicilisċ)
siege vb beleaguer, (um)beset -
Sierra Leone n - Lein (pr. lee-in) Ridgelands
sign n token, shingle, mark -
sign vb blaze; onmark, underwrite

undertoken (calque of Ger. speech cf. NHG unterzeichnen, Du. ondertekenen)

signal n bale-fire, beacon -
signaling v bale-firing, beaconing showing
significant adj noteworthy, weighty markworthy
signify v show besay (cf. NHG besagen)
sign language n token speech (cf. NHG Zeichensprache), deaf talk (calque of Balinese: "kata kolok"), tokening-speech
silence vb hush, make still, soothe bestill, beroo (cf. NHG beruhigen)
silence n stillness forsowing (<OE forsuwung), roo (Eng., ME ro <OE rō, cf. NHG Ruhe)

bestillness, word-break

silicon n - flintstuff
simian adj apeness
similar adj alike, akin akind, samekind
simile n likeness -
simony n church-mongering trade in ecclesiastia; (by a church-monger)
simple adj onefold, untrimmed -
sinful adj sakeful (<OE sacfull and <ME sā̆kful)
single adj one ... only; alone, by oneself
singular adj (unique) one-of-a-kind, great onfoldly (<OE anfealdlice)
singularity n oneness
sir n Lord, m’lord har (<ME harre<OE hearra, cf. NHG Herr)
sire n lord har
Sirius n Dog Star, Brightest Star -
site n stead point, location: 

ord (Eng.)

situate vb lay down, ground -
situation n lay? (cf. lay of the land) -
size n greatness, bigness, bulk grete (<ME <OE grīetu, cf. NHG Größe)
skateboard n/vb - wheelboard (cf. Ic. hjólabretti)
skeleton n frame boneset, boneframework
slander n/vb n: smear

vb: belittle, defile, smear, sully, tarnish; lie

holen (<ME holen < OE hōlian
slave n bondman, thrall theen (OE)
slavery n thralldom/thraldom
smuggler n - owler
snow globe/snowglobe n - snowkuggle (cf. NHG Schneekugel)
soccer n football altheedish football (United States)
social media n - fellowly middle; friendly sarrow (“miracle, wonder; technology”)
socialism n thralldom; churlishness rikeownership; allownership; worldrike, oneworldreevedom; fellowdoom, fellowdom, rikedom, unfolk, endfolk; allbinding, manbinding; “manbinding by the thralls, bindrike of the churls, worldreevedom of the knaves” (< ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’), evensthew, evensteven (cf. Ic. jafnaðarstefna); thrallruleness
socialist n, adj enthraller; churl rikeowned; rikebinder, manbinder, fellowshiply, fellowdomer, fellowdoomish; folkender, folksfoe; worldthrall
social/societal adj friendly, sharing -
society n fellowship, friendship, folk; kith and kin

sithership (<OE gesíðscipe)
big: theed/thede (<OE þeod), leedship (<OE léodscipe, from lede), thede, landleed, kinrike (<OE), folkstead (<OE), folkship (<OE) folcscipe)

socket n outlet

bone: cup

-
sodium n - saltstuff
solar adj sun-like, sunly -
solder vb weld, tin lead
sole (foot) n - ile (<OE ile, cf. Ic. il), footfolm
solid adj hard fast (dated sense of firm), earthlike (with each state of matter representing one element)
solitude n aloneness, allaloneness -
solstice n sunstead sunwend (cf. Du. zonnewende, NHG Sonnenwende), sunstandstill (cf. Du. zonnestilstand)
solve vb answer loose, loosen, lease (calque of Ger. speech)
sophisticate v - forbuild (cf. NHG verbilden)
soporific adj - sleep-giving
sorbet n foam ice (<Icelandic frauðís, Hoschaf(<NHG ), water ice(<Danish) -
sorcerer n wizard, wyle drye (<OE drȳ)
sorcery n witchcraft, dwimmer dreecraft, dryecraft, wylecraft
sorrel n - sourleaf
sound n reard, cling, ring, loudness, pitch, loudening din, sough, yar/yer, loud, loude, lidden(<OE hlýd, OE hlýden, cf. NHG. Laut, Du. geluid, Dan. lyd, Swed. ljud, Icel. hljóð), lemm (<OE "hlem")
sound v ring, clink, cling, louden

sound like: to be heard like

to sound like: onhear, hear on (NHG. anhören)
soup n broth, gruel -
source n birthplace, root, begetter, dawn, onset, start, spring, wellspring, ere-, quell ordfrom (<OE ord, "point", + from)
sous vide adj - wetbaking
sovereign adj - self-standing (cf. Sw. självständig)
space n room astrology: roomth
spaceship n starship -
spacious adj roomy, wide
spatial adj - roomthy
special adj - besunder (cf. NHG besondere), sunderly (<OE sundorlic, cf. NHG sonderlich)
specialty n - besunderhood (cf. NHG Besonderheit), ownhood/ship (cf. NHG Eigenheit/schaft)
species n - lifekin, lifekind
specific adj outright bestemed, bestevened (cf. NHG bestimmt) (see steven)
specifically adv only, one, inborn, clean-cut, sharp
sphenoid bone n - wedgebone
sphere n ball kuggle* (cf. NHG Kugel) (*Kugel is of either Semitic or Germanic origin)
sphincter n - closethew/closemoussock (cf. Du. sluitspier, NHG Schließmuskel)
sphinx n - maidenlee (cf. Ic. meyljón), wilibilth (calque of Anc. Egyptian šzp-ꜥnḫ)
spice n - croud (cf. Du. kruid)
spillage (foreign suffix) n - spilling
spine n backbone backridge
spirit n gast, gost, ghost, breath, soul, mind ferth (<OE ferhþ)
sponge n - swamb (<OE swamm)
sport n lark, lake (etym. 2) -
sporty/sportive adj gamely (<OE gamenlīc and <ME gāmelīch)
spy n/vb sleuth: very late borrowing into Old English (near to 1200AD) from The Orrmulum. speer (<OE spyrian)

loosesheerwere (<OE lēassċēawere)

squadron n - sheltron, shieldtrum (<OE scieldtruma); swathe (cf. NHG Geschwader); stafle (cf. NHG Staffel)
square n - fourside (cf. Du. vierkant)

in a city: tey (<OE tēge)

squirrel n aquern O.E. ācweorna, O.N. loan in O.E. scug; skug. shadow-tail
SSD ("Solid State Drive") n - SSD ("Still-Standing Drive" / "Stand Still Drive")
stabilize v steady, still besteady, bestill
stable n - horsern (O.E) horse & ern)
stable adj steady, still, steadfast -
stadium n - spurd (<OE spyrd), Ger. Rennbahn
standard adj stock, mean -
stapes n stirrup earstirrup, stirrupbone
state vb utter -
state n condition: shape, lay (cf. lay of the land)
polity: moot, rike
-
statue n - standbilth (cf. Ger. Standbild; Du. Standbeeld)
status n rank -
statute n - setness
stay vb belive, blive, hold, keep -
stellar adj starly -
sternum n breastbone -
stew n scouse -
stingray n - -
stomach n maw -
stoppage (foreign suffix) n stop -
store vb keep, hoard -
store n shop chepstow
story n tale, yarn telling, atelling, ortelling (cf. NHG Erzählung), lore
strange adj outlandish, weird, unwonted, wild, odd, freakish, eerie, queer

uncouth

fremd
stranger n outlander fremder, fremdling, cume (<OE "cuma")
stratagem n forset -
strategy n plot wyecraft
stray vb wander dwale (<ME dwalen)
street n road, way; roadway wainway, wagonway (to be brooked inborough to tell between the walking path (walkway) and the faring path)
stress n burden, weight, load thrutch (cf. NHG Druck), belasting (cf. NHG belastung, Du. belasting)
strict adj hash, hard, stern, forbidding -
strive/strife vb/n fight -
structure n makeup, set, setting, frame; building, boards upmake
study vb/n learn, swot, either usage

con

(up on), thought; reading

n: learn
student n learner learningchild (<OE leorningcild)
studio n - workstead

movies: filmingstead

stupidity n dumbness addleheadiness, ass-headiness,
stupid adj addled, addled-brained, addled-headed, not-all-there, away in the head/mind, dumb have a dry brain, dwease (<OE dwǣs)
sturgeon n - stoor (<ME stor, <OE styria)
style n kind -
stylus n spear, pecker, picker, stick, shaft, writing tool, needle leadstick
sub- pref under-

(subsequent) after-

-
subdue vb beat down -
subdued adj beaten down -
subject v thread underthrow (cf. Du. onderwerpen, NHG. unterwerfen)
subject n - underthrow (cf. D. onderwerp)
subjunctive adj/n - underlinked (claque of Latin)
submarine n/adj adj: undersea n: U-boat (short for undersea-boat), diveboat (cf. Du. duikboot)
submission n willing underwilling, underwill, underwillness, underwillhood
submissive adj underwilling -
submit vb give in, ingive, hand in, send -
submitter n - agiver (cf. NHG Ergeber), ingiver
subordinate adj - underoathed
subscribe vb follow underwrite (<OE underwritan)
subscriber n follower underwriter
substance n stuff (but a G (Frankish) root modified through Old French); being anwork (<OE andweorc)
substitute n stand-in, fill-in, back-up -
substitute vb swap, fill in, stand in, go as outtrade (cf. NHG. austauschen)
replace: aset (cf. NHG ersetzen)
subtitle n - underqueath, undername, understerling
subtle adj low-key -
suburb n - underborough (<OE underburg), foreord (cf. NHG Vorort)
subzero adj below-freezing -
succeed vb go after spow (<OE spówan), awin (<OE āwinnan)
success n - winth, spowing, afollowing
successful adj - spowful, afollowfull
successor n after-comer
succumb vb fall to alie (alying; alay; alain) (cf. NHG erliegen), undernick (<OE underhnigan)
sudden adj swift, rushing, rash -
suddenly adv swiftly, rushingly, rashly, forthwith, straightaway -
suffer vb ache, harm thole (<OE þolian, þrowian), undergo (transitive), dree (<OE drēogan), quilm (<OE cwylmian)
suffering n harm, ache, sorrow, woe, smarts tholing, dreeing, quilming (<OE cwylming)
suffice vb do, be enough, reach, work, meet (transitive) outreach (cf. NHG ausreichen)
sufficiency n enoughness, fulth, fittingness -
sufficient adj enough, done, right, even, fair, fit, befitting, becoming filling, outreaching
suffix n - word tail, endfastening, afterword
sugar n - sweethurst (hurst is old english for crystal), sweetstuff

molecule: sweetmote

sugarcane n - sweetreed (cf. Du. suikerriet)
suggest vb imply: foreset, hint, infold
offer: foreset, bid, put forth
imply: ettle, bysay
offer: forthput, rede
suggestion n imply: foreset, hint, infold
offer: foreset, bid
imply: ettle, bysay
offer: forthput, rede
suicide n self-murder, self-killing, self-slaughter
sui generis adj one-of-a-kind -
suitable adj - limply (<OE gelimplīc and <ME limplīche)

fadly (<OE fǣdlic)

sulfur n brimstone swevel
sullen n - dark-brooding, blackbrowed.
sum (up) vb cast up, tally up -
summon vb - beswear (cf. NHG beschören)
sunflower n - sunbloom, sunblossom (<NHG. Sonnenblume)
sun's dwelling n - The sky
super adj/pfx adj: over, overly

pfx: over-

-
supercalifragilisticexpialidocious adj - overfairnessbrokenliatoneliteachworthy
supercontinent n - overworlddeal
superhero n - overheleth
superhuman adj - overman
superior adj overly -
supermarket n - overchepstow
supernatural adj otherwordly -
supernova n - overnew
superposition n - overstelling
supersede vb take over forthring (cf. NHG verdrängen)
superstition n - idle-belief
supervillain n - overnithing, overnither
supervise vb oversee -
supervisor n overseer -
supplant vb take over forthring (cf. NHG verdrängen)
supplement n - togive
supply n yield, stock, spring -
supply vb yield, feed, fill, afford -
support vb shore (unknown origin, found in Germanic languages), back up, forward, foster, upbring, uphold, underprop, upstart, underset bestaddle, understut (cf. NHG unterstützen), stut (< Scots)
support n back up, upholding shore (unknown origin, found in Germanic languages), fultum
suppose vb ween, believe, guess, think, reckon forethink
suppress vb forthrutch (<OE forþryċċan)
sure adj wis, set -
surface n overlay, layer, overside -
surfeit v forset -
surge n streamwhelm
surgeon n sawbones woundleech (cf. NHG Wundarzt)
surname n last name -
surpass vb overtake -
surprise vb stun, astound, overcome, overtake overrush (NHG überraschen)
surrender vb yield, hand over, give up overgive
surround vb beset, forset, hem in, enring, inring umbgive (cf. Du. omgeven; NHG umgeben), umbring (cf. Du. omringen; NHG umringen), umbstand (<OE ymbstandan)
survive vb outlive, live on, after-live overlive (<OE oferlibban), overstand (<OE oferstandan), alive (<OE alibban)
survey vb/n umfrain or umbfrain (cf. NHG Umfrage)
susceptibility n openness, givenness, helplessness -
susceptible adj given, open; helpless alout (<OE áloten) v. forthlout (<OE forþlútan); onfally (<NHG. anfällig) (see onfall)
suspect vb mistrust, underlook forthink (cf. Du./NHG. verdenken)
suspend vb - hang freely: uphang (cf. Du. ophangen, NHG aufhängen)
suspicion n mistrustfulness, underlook forthought (cf. Du. verdachting, NHG. verdacht)
suspicious adj mistrustful, wary forthoughtful/ forthoughty (cf. Du. verdacht)
sustain vb underhold, uphold, stay -
suitable adj fit -
Swabia n Swabeland, Sweafland (<OE Swǣfaland)
Swabian n Swabish, Sweafish (<OE Swǣfisc)
swastika n fylfot, gleerune (as a religious symbol) hookrood (cf. NHG Hakenkreuz)
syllable n - staveset, staffle/stavle (cf. SW stavelse), staffgrip(e)/stavegrip(e) (cf. Du. lettergreep)
symmetry n - foldmatch
sympathy n - sithfeeling (calque)
synesthesia n - linked feeling (calque)
synonym n likeword, selfsame, sameness, kinword otherword
synonymous with prep the same as, akin to -
system n layout, makeup, setup stellel (cf. Du. stelsel), outlay, upmake
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