The Anglish Moot
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Staff V of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • SC = Scots
  • WF = West Frish
  • NF = North Frish
  • SF = Saterlandish Frish
  • WLG = West Low Theech
  • ELG = East Low Theech
  • NL = Netherlandish
  • NHG = New High Theech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • HIC = High Icelandish
  • NO = Nornish
  • SW = Swedish
  • DN = Danish
  • MLG = Middle Low Theech
  • MNL = Middle Netherlandish
  • MHG = Middle High Theech
  • OF = Old Frish
  • OS = Old Saxish
  • OHG = Old High Theech
  • ON = Old Norse
  • GO = Gottish
  • PWG = Or-West-Theedish
  • PG = Or-Theedish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Staffs under English Wordbook/V:


Va Vb Vc Vd Ve Vf Vg Vh Vi Vj Vk Vl Vm Vn Vo Vp Vq Vr Vs Vt Vu Vv Vw Vx Vy Vz

*Note: If you click on one of the links above, and nothing happens, then that means no words have been put forth for that bookstaff as of yet.

Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
vacancy n black hole, emptiness, bareness -
vacant adj bare, fallow, off, deadpan, numb; forgotten, forsaken, empty, toom (now rare; <ME tọ̄m) -
vacation n break, holiday, leave -
vaccine n - impshaft (calque: NL entstof), imper (cf. NHG impfen 'inoculate' + -er); impwork, impware, life-drops (oral); needle-drops, one-shot-wonder (slang)
vaccinate n - imp, needle-up
vacuity n black hole, emptiness, bareness -
vacuum n tow toom (<OE tōm 'empty')
vacuum cleaner n sweeper dustsucker, crumb thief
vaettir n wight -
vagabond n - waybound
vagina n womanhood (slang), pussy (vulgar slang), cunt (vulgar) sheath (calque of Leeden, <OE scēaþ, cf. NL schede, NHG Scheide), slither (/slaɪðɚ/) (<IC slíður), maytril, birthhole, fith (<PG *fuþiz)
vagrancy n - eardless wandering
vagrant n drifter, floater, wanderer eardless wanderer
vague adj fuzzy; dim; shadowy; hazy unsuttle (<ME sutel <OE sweotol "clear")
vain adj 1. cocky, high-and-mighty, snotty;
2. worthless, idle,
3. empty, shallow,
worthless, hollow
-
vain, in phr for nothing, worthlessly, in wanhope -
valediction n goodbye, farewell, leave-taking -
valerian n all-heal -
valet n theen, steward -
valiant adj bold, doughty, fearless, stalworth doughty
valid adj sound, well-grounded -
valley n dale, hollow

cool, wet: swale
bare, sandy: dene
flat, grassy: slade
long, narrow: trough
narrow, steep: clove

comb, deneland, earthdene
valorous adj - ellenful
valour n ellen -
valuable adj worthy, worthful dearworthy (<ME dēreworth)
value n worth merit: meed
value vb worthen -
vampire n bloodsucker; shark, wolf bloodfiend
vanadium n - fryshaft
Vandal n - Wendle (<OE)
vanguard n - forefighter (<ME fōrefightere); foreward (<ME fōrewārde)
Vánir n sea gods, storm gods, fishing gods, shipwreckers, freight-gods, lade-ghosts, hoard-ghosts; foe gods, foes; water wights, fiends, mermen Wones (OED, ‘prosperous ones, bountiful ones: treasure demons of the sea’)
vanish vb wither, melt, sink swind (<ME swinden; cf. SF swiende, ELG swinnen, NL zwinden, NHG schwinden), fordwine, quink
vanity n pride, idleness -
vanquish vb quell; beat, win, downtread besye (calque: NHG besiegen)
vapour n mist, steam, loft eathom (<ME ēþem), throssom (<OE þrosm), damp (original meaning), breath, watersmoke
vapourize vb - steamen
variable n - shiftling, unknown worthing, spotholder (cf. NHG Platzhalter)
variant n offshoot, sundry sundering
variation n sundriness offwrixling (cf. WF ôfwikseling)
variegated adj rainbow, dotted, many-hued sheld (<ME sheld)
variety n kind, many kinds -
various adj sundry; many, manifold; rainbow missly (<ME mislīch), manikin (<ME manīkin), manifoldly (<OE manigfealdlīc), forshed (cf. NHG verschieden)
vas deferens n - seedladder (calque), seedpipe
vassal n thane, feeman, knave, man, churl neat, maythane
vast adj wide, broad, great, endless -
vault n strongroom wholve (<ME whōlve)

safe: lockvat

vault of heaven n -

rother (<OE rodor), heavenwhalf (<OE heofonhwealf; pl: heavenwhalves), heaven's wholve

n(p) holy, hallowed Wigh, Way
veal n calf calfflesh
vector n wayload -
veer vb swerve, trundle; bend -
veil n wimple rift, helster
vegan n - greentheater, worteater
vegetable n green, greens foodwort, greenth (cf. NL groente)
vegetarian n - greens-eater, greenmonger
vehement adj - oneread (<ME ānrēd <OE ānrǣd), aver (<OE afor)
vehicle n wain, craft waincraft; farewain, farecraft
vein n - edder (<ME edre, cf. SF Äddere, NL ader, NHG Ader), leat
velcro n - graspcloth, fangcloth
velociraptor n - quickreacker, dashsnatcher, quickfanger
velvet n/adj - furrel (fur + dim. -el)
vendor n seller, dealer, chapman, pitcher, hawker, huckster, tradesman -
venesection n blood-letting -
venison n deer meat hartflesh, roeflesh (cf. NHG Rehfleisch)
vengeance n reckoning wrake (<ME wrake)
venom n atter, bane -
venomous adj attery, baneful attern (<ME attern), ettery (<OE ǣtrig)
vent n hole, hatch; window -
venturesome adj daring, bold, free-swinging thrist (<ME thrīst; rhymes with Christ)
venue n stead, coming showstow
Venus (planet) n(p) - Evestar, Frie (<ME Frīe)
veracious adj true, soothful (archaic); truthful, wordfast, soothfast (archaic) soothsawl (<ME sōthsagel), lutter (<ME lūtter)
verb n doing-word deedword, workword, tideword
verbal adj wordy; spoken, unwritten, word-of-mouth, mouthy -
verbatim adj word-for-word, word for word as was said, wordly (calque: NHG wörtlich)
verbose adj long-winded; speechy, wordy -
verbosity n wordiness speechiness
verdant n green, lush -
verge n brink, edge, rim, threshold -
verify vb find out, look at/into asoothe (<ME isōþien), besooth
verily adv truly, soothly, indeed, forsooth, iwis (overly archaic) -
verity n truth (see Truth and sooth, verity and reality) -
vernacular n everyday speech, unbookish mean speech, umbgang speech (calque: NHG Umgangssprache, see umbgang)
vernal adj springly -
verse n fit ferse (<OE fers); leethcraft (<OE lēoþcræft)
version n brood; reading, betokening

offshoot; eld

fading (<OE fadung), leaf, wend, reckoning, aspelling, wharve

versus prep against ayenst (<ME ayēnes/ayēnest)
vertebra n backbone wharvebone (<OE hweorfbān), whirvel (<OE hwyrfel, cf. NL wervel, NHG Wirbel)
vertical adj standing, upright, straight up weft
vertically adv heightwise, upward(s), up and down, staffwise -
vertigo n - swindlehood (cf. DN svimmelhed)
veruca n wart -
vervain n - ash-throat (<OE æscðrote)
very adj/adv

1. sore, sorely; way, highly; fairly; greatly, mighty, through-, ful-, for-, so;

2. much, mickle, mighty, truly, soothly, forsooth, indeed, rather, rattling, dead, fele, fell;

3. same, selfsame;

4. sheer; utter;

5. true, truly, full;

6. true;

7. rightful, lawful

very much: most, well

swithly (<OE swíðe + ly)

very fair: forfair (<OE forfæger)

very good: eregood (<OE ǽrgód), fulgood (<OE fulgód)

very guilty: throughshildy (<OE þurhscyldig)

very many: great many, feel (<ME fēle), foremany (<OE foremanig), formany (<OE formanig)

very much: forswithe (<OE forswíðe), fortharl (<OE forþearle), fulswithe (<OE fulswíðe), stithe (<OE stíðe), tharl (<OE þearle), yarrow (<OE gearwe)

very old: orold (<OE oreald)

very wealthy: throughspeedy (<OE þurhspédig), full (<ME ful; meant the same thing as very)

vesica n bladder -
vesicle n bleb
vespertilines n bat reremouse, ryemouse, flittermouse
vessel n vat, ship -
vest n British: undershirt
American: waistcoat
-
vestibule n -

cavortown (<OE cafortūn), foreburrow (<OE foreburh), foredure (<OE foreduru), coavertown (<OE cāfortūn), inburrow (<OE inburh), wiketown (<OE wīctūn)

entrance to: gate, infarreld (<OE infæreld), ingang (<OE)

def. 2: foredyrre (<OE), forthtie (<OE forþtīge)

def. 3: foredere (<OE foredere), forestie (<OE forestige)

vex vb nettle teen (<OE teonian), grill (<OE grillan), tarry, dreve (<OE drefan), grame, dreck (<OE dreccan), abeilan
vexation n feaze

dreevedness (<OE drefednes), grame (<ME <OE gramian)

via conj by, through, by way of -
vibrate vb shiver, shudder, quiver, shake, rattle -
vicar n elder, holy man, leader speller, spelland (<OE speliend); steadman
vicarious adj instead wician, wice
vicepresident n - underforesitter
viceroy n - underking (<OE undercyning)
vicinity n nearness; neighbourhood nighth
vicious adj wicked, evil, bad; marred baderdy (cf. NHG bösartig), nithe
vicissitude n ups and downs, seesaw

ebbs and flows, ebb and neap, wends and wynds, wax and wanes

victim n - tiber (<OE tīber), armshed
victor n winner syer, sye(wo)man
victorious adj winning, on top syerich (cf. NHG siegreich), syely (<OE siġelīċ)
victory n win, hit, sweep, clean sweep, overthrow

sye (<ME siȝe/sy)

video n

film, short film, short, show, showing, broadcast

ewing (<OE īwung; "showing, revealing"); showstrip, clip
video game n game

levengame, reckoner game, stream game

view n outlook, eyeshot, sight, insight; set, lay out outsene
view vb look, behold, watch, see, gaze, gawk -
viewer n beholder, onlooker, witness, watcher; seer -
vigil n wakefulness, wake, watch -
vigilance n heedness, wareness, watchfulness rathing
vigilant adj eye-bright, all-eyed, wakeful, aware, wary, watchful, wide awake,
wakerife, ware, sharp
wakesome (calque: NHG wachsam)
vigilante n

watchman, warder, ward, keeper, overseer

folkreve (<OE folcgérefa)

vigilance comittee member: selfbeadle, selfsheriff

vigour n liveliness, drive -
vigorous adj hearty, rathe, lusty, goey, driving, lively, hale, yauld; strong; alne rathsome (<OE hræþ)
vile adj evil, wicked, loathsome, foul, filthy, irksome, ill, woeful, baneful, churlish -
Vili n ghost brother Will
village n hem, thorpe/thorp/dorp, wick, town, seat hemling, ham
villain n wretch, ne'er-do-well, cheat, black hat, baddy, evil-doer, wrong-doer, rotter, knave, churl, scumbag nithing (<OE niðing)
vindicate vb righten, uphold, whitewash, forgive -
vine n - droovebeam (cf. WF druvebeam)
vinegar n - atched (<OE eced/æced)
vintage n - barn-find
vinyl n/adj - slickcloth, waxcloth, sheencloth; sheen, shiny
viola (botany) n - apple-leaf (<OE æppellēaf)
viola (music) n - midfiddle
violate vb breach, befoul overnim, sorthe, forbreak (<OS farbrekan)
violence n foul play, bloodshed, recklessness threat, hest, hattleness, nid, strack, strength, swithness, unreck,wald or awald (cf. NHG Gewalt), eath (<OE eafoþ)
violent adj bloody, blood-soaked, stormy, dreadful, mad, reckless, wrathful

heast (<OE hǣst), hattle, riff, tharl, grimful (<OE grimful)

violet adj - tever (<OE teafor), base (<OE basu)
violin n fiddle -
violoncello n - knee fiddle
virgin n maiden unswiven
virginity n maidenhood unswivenhood, famenhood
Virtual Reality n - Aped Warehood (literally: simulated reality)
virtually adv almost, nearly, seemingly, all but -
virtue n worth, uprightness, doughtiness, heart, goodness, thews

douth (<OE duguþ), worthmark

virtuous adj right-minded douthsome (cf. NL deugdzaam)
virus n - smit, smitter (cf. SW smitta), weevil
visage n brow, blee, likeness neb (<OE nebb); onsene (OED)
vis-à-vis prep in (the) light of with casting to
viscosity n thick-flowingness, stickiness, clinginess; thickness -
viscous adj thick-flowing (cf. NHG dickflüssig), sticky, clingy, ropy -
viscum n mistletoe, balday's bane -
visible adj showing, seen seely (<ME sehelīche), eyeseen (<OE), seenly; seesome, sightbere
vision n sight; show; dream, sweven; spae, spaedom senn (<OE sīen)
visionary adj farsighted, foresighted; spaeman; showman; wit, witter -
visit vb call upon, drop in, see, come by, sight (informal; example: today I sighted my dad home) beseek (cf. OE bīsǣce, NHG besuchen), see home (ex. I saw my father home yesterday.)
visit n - call; fandle, beseeking (cf. OE bīsǣce, cf. NHG Besuch)
visitor n caller, guest; fere, farer fandler beseeker
vital adj

quick, flush, lusty, red-blooded; mettlesome, springy; needed; fell; key; lively, snell, alne

-
vitality n liveliness, quickness; beans dodrive
vitamin n - fereshaft (cf. IC fjörefni)
vocabulary n word-hoard wordstock, wordstow
vocal adj loud, outspoken -
vociferous adj outspoken, loudmouthed -
voice n steven (OED, <OE stefn; "With dreary heart and sorrowful steven .."; one of the few words to rhyme with 'heaven') steaven (so the way it is written does indeed rhyme with heaven); reird, roust (OED)

reard (<ME rērd/rearde), leathor (<OE hlēoðor), sweyleether (<OE swēġhlēoðor), swey (<OE swēġ)

of water: watersteven (<OE wæterstefn), headwooth (<OE hēafodwōþ)

voiced adj breathy, soft, weak, flat rearded (calque)
voiceless adj hard, strong, sharp stevenless (calque)
void n/adj

n: black hole, emptiness

adj: bereft

roum (<OE rūm), toom (<OE tōm)

voilà interj behold, lo -
volcano n - firebarrow, firefell
völkisch adj folkish -
volleyball n - flightball (calque)
volume n book: wad
acoustics: din, loudness

measure of space: bulk, roommeal (cf. IC rúmmál), inhold (cf. NL inhoud)

voluntary adj willing, freewilling, thank-you working -
volunteer n - freewill worker, freewiller, willing hands (attested), thank-you worker (slang)
volunteering n - thank-you working
vomer n - ploughshare bone
vomit vb

spew, puke, throw up, hurl, retch, upchuck

-
vomit n spew, puke, sick, throw-up, hurl -
vote n/vb poll, show of hands, choosing
vb: choose, wale (<ME walen)
steven
vow n/vb oath, behest, pledge, plight, troth, word behest, behight
vowel n - clipple (<OE clipol), clipend
voyage n/vb sail, fare farfareld
vulgar adj low, filthy, ill-bred, churlish churly (<OE ceorllīc)
vulnerable adj weak, soft, flawed, helpless, powerless, strengthless, mightless -
vulpine adj foxlike -
vulture n - geir (calque), ulter, tearbird, ettinfowl, deathfowl
vulva n - maithblade (<OE mæġþblæd), maidleaf (calque)
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