The Anglish Moot
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Staff V of the English Wordbook.

Basic abbreviations:

  • OE = Old English
  • ME = Middle English
  • PG = Or-theedish
  • SC = Scots
  • SW = Swedish
  • Dan. = Danish
  • ON = Old Norse
  • OS = Old Saxon
  • NHG = New Hightheech
  • IC = Icelandish
  • H.IC = High Icelandish
  • Du. = Netherlandish
  • Fris. = Friesish

For a full list of etymological and other abbreviations used in these wordlists, see: Offshortenings.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Leaves under English Wordbook/V:

Va

*Missing links mean that no words have been put forth under those bookstaffs as of yet.

Chancery English Class Anglish/English
Attested Unattested
vacancy n black hole, emptiness, bareness -
vacant adj bare, fallow, off, deadpan, numb; forgotten, forsaken toom (<OE tóm)
vacation n break, holiday, leave -
vaccine n imper (cf. NHG impfen 'inoculate' + -er); impwork, impstuff impware, life-drops (oral); needle-drops, one-shot-wonder (slang)
vaccinate n needle-up
vacuity n black hole, emptiness, bareness -
vacuum n tow toom (<OE tōm 'empty')
vacuum cleaner n sweeper dustsucker, crumb thief
vaettir n wight -
vagabond n - waybound
vagina n cunt (vulgar), pussy (slang; also vulgar), womanhood (also slang) slither (/slaɪðɚ/) (<Ic. slíður), foth (<PG fuþiz), sheath (translation of the Latin, <OE scæþ, cf. Du. Schede, NHG. Scheide), maytril, birthhole
vagrancy n - eardless wandering,
vagrant n drifter, floater, wanderer eardless wanderer
vague adj fuzzy; dim; shadowy; hazy unsuttle (<ME sutel <OE sweotol clear)
vain adj

1. cocky, high-and-mighty, snotty;
2. worthless, idle,
3. empty, shallow,
worthless, hollow

-
vain, in phr for nothing, worthlessly, in wanhope -
valediction n goodbye, farewell, leave-taking -
valerian n all-heal -
valet n theen, steward -
valiant adj bold, doughty, fearless, stalworth doughty
valid adj sound, well-grounded -
valley n dale
deep, of a stream: dene
wide, grassy: slade
narrow, steep: clove
comb, deneland, earthdene
valorous adj - ellenful
valour n ellen -
valueable adj worthy, worthful dearworthy (<OE dēorwyrthe and <OE dẹ̄̆re-wŏrth)
value n worth merit: meed
value vb worthen -
vampire n bloodsucker, shark, wolf dreigh (<OE dréag), bloodfiend, bloodnicker
Vandal n/adj Wendel (<OE)
vanguard n - andward (calque)
Vánir n sea gods, storm gods, fishing gods, shipwreckers, freight-gods, lade-ghosts, hoard-ghosts; foe gods, foes; water wights, fiends, mermen Wones (OED, ‘prosperous ones, bountiful ones: treasure demons of the sea’)
vanish vb wither, melt, sink fordwine, quink, swind (<OE swinden; cf. NHG schwinden, Du. zwinden, Dan. svinde, LG swinnen, & others), betwing or twing (cf. NHG bezwingen)
vanity n pride, idleness idle, renk
vanquish vb beat, win, downtread besye (cf. NHG besiegen)
vapour n mist, steam, loft

athom (<OE ǽðm), damp (original meaning of damp), breath, watersmoke

variable n shiftable
variant n offshoot, sundry sundering
variation n sundriness forothering, offwrixling (cf. Fr. ôfwikseling)
variegated adj rainbow, dotted, many-hued manyhued
variety n kind, many kinds -
various adj many, manifold, sundry, rainbow mistly (<OE mistlic), forshed (cf. NHG verschieden), manifoldly (<OE manig-fealdlīc and <ME manī-fældlīce), fele (<OE fela)
vas deferens n - seedladder (calque), seedpipe
vassal n feeman, knave, thane, man, churl neat, younger, maythegn
vast adj wide, great, endless -
vault n - wholve (ME wholve)
vault of heaven n -

rother (<OE rodor), heavenwhalf (<OE hofonhwealf) pl: heavenwhalve (<OE heheofonhwealfa), heaven's wholve (ME, see above)

n holy, hallowed wigh (OED), Weoh (<ME weoh 'sacred, holy'), Way
veal n calf calf-flesh
vector n wayload -
veer vb swerve, trundle; bend -
veil n wimple rift, helster
vegan n - greentheater, wortaloneater
vegetable n green, greens foodwort, greenth (Du. groente)
vegetarian n - greens-eater, greenmonger, fleshlesseater
vehicle n wain, craft waincraft; farewain, farecraft
vein n - edder (<OE ǣdre, cf. NHG Ader), leat, bloodburrow
velcro n - graspcloth, fangcloth
velociraptor n - quickreacker, dashsnatcher, quickfanger
velvet n/adj - furrel (fur + dim. -el)
vendor n seller, dealer -
venesection n blood-letting -
venison n deer meat hartflesh, roeflesh (cf. NHG Rehfleisch)
venom n/vb bane atter (<OE ātor)
venomous adj - attery (<OE ǣttriġ)
vent n hole, hatch; window -
venturesome adj daring, bold, free-swinging thriste (<OE)
venue n stead, coming showstow
Venus (planet) n - Evestar
veracious adj true, truthful, wordfast luter (OE: hlutor): lutter (ME)
verb n doing-word deedword, workword, tideword
verbal adj wordy; spoken, unwritten, word-of-mouth -
verbatim adj word-for-word, word for word as was said, wordly (NHG. wörtlich)
verbose adj long-winded; speechy, wordy -
verbosity n wordiness speechiness
verdant n green, lush -
verge n brink, edge, threshold -
verify vb find out, look at/into betrue, besooth
verily adv truly, soothly, indeed, forsooth, iwis -
verity n

truth (see Truth and sooth, verity and reality)

-
vernacular n unbookish, everyday speech mean speech, umbgang speech (cf. NHG Umgangssprache, see umbgang)
vernal adj spring -
verse n fit yedding (<OE geddung), stave, staff, leethcraft (OE)
version n strain, brood; reading, betokening

offshoot; eld

fading (<OE fadung), leaf, wend, reckoning, aspelling

versus prep against -
vertebra n back bone warvel (<OE hweorf, cf. Du. wervel, NHG wirfel)
vertical adj standing, upright weft
vertically adv heightwise, upward(s), up and down, staffwise -
vertigo n - swindlehood (cf. Dn. svimmelhed)
veruca n wart -
vervain n - ash-throat (<OE æscðrote)
very adj/adv

1. sore, sorely; way, highly; fairly; greatly, mighty, through-, ful-, for-, so;

2. much, truly, soothly, forsooth, indeed, rather, rattling, mickle, dead, fele, fell;

3. same, selfsame;

4. sheer; utter;

5. true, truly, full;

6. true;

7. rightful, lawful

very much: most (att'd <OE mǽst), well

swithly (<OE swíðe + ly)

very fair: forfair (<OE forfæger)

very good: eregood (<OE ǽrgód), fulgood (<OE fulgód)

very guilty: throughshildy (<OE þurhscyldig)

very many: fele (<OE fela), foremany (<OE foremanig), formany (<OE formanig)

very much: forswithe (<OE forswíðe), fortharl (<OE forþearle), fulswithe (<OE fulswíðe), stithe (<OE stíðe), tharl (<OE þearle), yarrow (<OE gearwe)

very old: orold (<OE oreald)

very wealthy: throughspeedy (<OE þurhspédig), full (<ME ful; meant the same thing as very)

vesica n bladder -
vesicle n bleb
vespertilines n bat reremouse, ryemouse, flittermouse
vessel n vat, ship -
vest n British: undershirt
American: waistcoat
-
vestibule n -

cavortown (<OE cafortūn), foreburrow (<OE foreburh), foredure (<OE foreduru), coavertown (<OE cāfortūn), inburrow (<OE inburh), wiketown (<OE wīctūn)

entrance to: infarreld (<OE infæreld), ingang (<OE)

def. 2: foredyrre (<OE), forthtie (<OE forþtīge)

def. 3: foredere (<OE foredere), forestie (<OE forestige)

vex vb nettle teen (<OE teonian), grill (<OE grillan), tarry, dreve (<OE drefan), grame, dreck (<OE dreccan), abeilan
vexation n feaze

dreevedness (<OE drefednes), grame (<ME<OE gramian)

via conj by, through, by way of -
vibrate vb shiver, shudder, quiver, shake, rattle -
vicar n elder, holy man, leader speller, spelland (<OE speliend); steadman
vicarious adj instead wician, wice
vicepresident n - underforesitter, (Roufrithson's loanſhift): waceforesitter
viceroy n - underking (<OE undercyning), wacerich (<wace + -rich; Roufrithson's kinword)
vicinity n nearness; neighbourhood nighth
vicious adj wicked, evil, bad; marred baderdy (cf. NHG bösartig), nithe
vicissitude n ups and downs, seesaw

ebbs and flows, ebb and neap, wends and wynds, wax and wanes

victim n - tiber (<OE tīber), armshed
victor n winner syer, siger, sye(wo)man, sig(wo)man
victorious adj winning syerich (cf. NHG siegreich), syely (<OE siġelīċ)
victory n win

sye (<OE siġe)

video n

film, short film, short, show, showing, broadcast

ewing (<OE īwung; meaning showing/revealing); showstrip, clip
video game n game

ewing game, reckoner game, stream game

view n outlook, eyeshot, sight, insight outsene
view vb look, watch, see, gaze, gawk -
viewer n onlooker, witness, watcher; seer -
vigil n wakefulness, wake, watch -
vigilance n heedness, wareness, watchfulness rathing
vigilant adj eye-bright, all-eyed, wakeful, aware, wary, watchful, wide awake,
wakerife, ware, sharp
wakesome (cf. NHG wachsam)
vigilante n

watchman, warder, ward, keeper, overseer

folkreve (<OE folcgérefa)

vigilance comittee member: selfbeadle, selfsheriff

vigour n liveliness, drive -
vigorous adj hearty, rathe, lusty, goey, driving, lively, hale, yauld; strong; alne rathsome (OE hræþ)
vile adj evil, wicked, loathsome, foul -
Vili n ghost brother Will
village n hem, thorpe/thorp/dorp, wick, town hemling, ham
villain n wretch, ne'er-do-well, cheat, black hat, baddy, evil-doer, wrong-doer, rotter, knave, scumbag nithing (<OE niðing)
vincian v sameloving man swool (<NHG schwul)
vindicate v uphold, whitewash, forgive -
vine n - droovebeam (cf. Fr. druvebeam)
vinegar n - atched (<OE æced)
vintage n - barn-find (antique: more tha 100 yers old; vintage several decades old)
viola (botany) n - apple-leaf (<OE æppel-lēaf)
viola (music) n - midfiddle
violate vb breach, befoul overnim, sorthe, forbreak (<OS farbrekan)
violence n foul play, bloodshed, recklessness threat, hest, hattleness, nid, strack, strength, swithness, unreck,wald or awald (cf. NHG Gewalt), eath (<OE eafoþ)
violent adj blood-soaked, stormy, dreadful, mad, reckless, wrathful

heast (<OE haest), hattle, riff, tharl grimful (<OE grimful)

violet adj - tever (<OE teafor), bawse (<OE basu)
violin n fiddle -
violoncello n - knee fiddle
virgin n maiden unswiven
virginity n maidenhood unswivenhood, famenhood
Virtual Reality n - Aped Warehood (literally: simulated reality)
virtually adv almost, nearly, seemingly, all but -
virtue n worth, uprightness, doughtiness, heart, goodness

douth (<OE duguþ), worthmark

virtuous adj right-minded douthsome (cf. Du. deugdzaam)
virus n - smit, smitter (cf. Sw. smitta), weevil
visage n blee, likeness neb (<OE nebb); onsene (OED)
vis-à-vis prep in (the) light of with casting to
viscosity n thick-flowingness, stickiness, clinginess; thickness -
viscous adj thick-flowing (cf. NHG dickflüssig), sticky, clingy, ropy -
viscum n mistletoe, balday's bane -
visible adj seen eyeseen (O.E.), seenly; seesome, seely (<ME sehelīche)
vision n sight; dream, sweven; spae, spaedom -
visionary adj farsighted, foresighted; spaeman -
visit vb call upon, drop in, see, come by, sight (informal; example: today I sighted my dad home) fandle (<OFR), beseek (<OE bísæce, cf. NHG besuchen), see home (ex. I saw my father home yesterday.)
visit n - fandle, beseeking (<OE bísæce, cf. NHG Besuch)
visitor n caller, guest fandler beseeker
vital adj

flush, lusty, red-blooded; mettlesome, springy; needed; fell; key; lively, snell, alne

-
vitality n liveliness, beans dodrive
vitamin n - lifestuff (loan oversetting of "vitamin"; cf. Ic. fjörefni)
vocabulary n word-hoard wordstock, wordstow
vocal adj loud, outspoken -
vociferous adj outspoken, loudmouthed -
voice n cry, sound, stĕven (OED, <OE stefn) ("With dreary heart and sorrowful steven ..") one of the few words to rhyme with 'heaven' steaven (so the way it is written does indeed rhyme with heaven), stevvon; reird, roust (OED)

reard (Sc. reird, raird (<OE reord)), leathor (<OE hlēoðor), sweyleathor (<OE swēġhlēoðor), swey (<OE swēġ)

of thunder: thunderradestefen(<OE þunnorrādstefn)
pl: thunderradestefna (<OE þunnorrādstefna)

of water: watersteven (<OE wæterstefn), headwooth (<OE hēafodwōþ)

voiced adj soft, weak, flat -
voiceless adj hard, strong, sharp stevenless (calque)
void n/adj

n: black hole, emptiness

adj: bereft

roum (<OR rūm), toom (<OE tōm)

voilà interj behold, lo -
volcano n - firebarrow, firefell
völkisch adj folkish -
volleyball n - flightball (calque)
volume n book: wad
acoustics: din, loudness

physics: bulk, roommeal (cf. Ic. rúmmál), inhold (cf. Du. inhoud)

voluntary adj willing, freewilling, thank-you working -
volunteer n - freewill worker, freewiller, willing hands (attested), thank-you worker (slang)
volunteering n - thank-you working
vomer n - ploughshare bone
vomit vb

spew, puke, throw up, hurl, retch, upchuck

-
vomit n spew, puke, sick, throw-up, hurl -
vote n/vb poll, show of hands, choosing
vb: choose, wale (< ME walen)
steven
vow n/vb oath, behest, pledge, troth, word behest, behight
vowel n - clipple (<OE clipol), clipend
voyage n/vb sail farfareld
vulgar adj low, filthy, ill-bred, churlish churly (<OE ceorllic)
vulnerable adj helpless, powerless, strengthless, mightless -
vulpine adj foxlike -
vulture n - geir (calque), ulter, tearbird
vulva n - maidblade (<OE mæġþblæd), maidleaf (calque)
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