The Esperantish tung or leid (Esperantish and Mean English: Esperanto or Esperanton for the; Esperanton is not brooked in any English byleid, but it is brooked in Esperantish), also hight The Worldly or Worldish Tung (la lingvo internacia/la internacia lingvo) or the 'barest tung'—for that it has the least fromths of any tung—is a man-made tung spoken by two-micklered speakers and at least one to two-thousand erd-folkish speakers, making it the most spoken crafted tung on Earth.
Lore[edit | edit source]
Esperantish was first crafted in 1877 by Polish Eye Learer Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (Esperanters call him Lr. L. L. Zamenhof or Doktoro Esperanto, meaning 'the hoping one' or 'Learer hopeful'). Zamenhof crafted Esperantish wishing for it to be a 'worldly' tung, where men could speak to each other without riddle. Zamenhof believed that the men were not split apart by, but by what he saw as an " ." In light of this, Zamenhof crafted his tung as a fran to break down and fordo the edge of tungs.
Zamenhof wrote and made his first book about Esperantish in 1877, calling it Unua Libro (which means First Book). This book, laying the groundworks of Zamenhof's tung, has 920 stem-words that are brooked for the crafting of new words. These words can be brooked along the lines of Esperantish's Fundamenta Gramatiko (or Gramatiko Fundamentla), which loosely means Holding Speechcraft. The Holding Speechcraft of Esperantish, as saith the First Book, has sixteen stavecraftish fromths that mostly lack standouts for the lightheartedness of learning the tung.
Bulk[edit | edit source]
Esperantish has mostly Latinish inflood and words from it as well; however, it has also been seen to have stems of some Theedish tungs, and even Slavish tungs as well. Notwithstanding that her wordstow is from lundish tungs, its speechcraft is somewhat as some of it has no standing in lundish tungs at all, though this is not always true.
Esperantish bases its wordhoard on the words that are the most brooked in tungs. It does this so those from manifold backgrounds will have a bare time learning it.
Runeset and Spelling[edit | edit source]
There are twenty-eight runes which are brooked in the Esperantish Leid, with each rune brooked for areard. Unlike English, all runes in Esperantish are said as they are spelt and cannot be swapped around for another brooking. Here are the list of runes in this tung: A a: a as in father
B b: b as in boat
C c: ts as in cats (at the beginning and hindmost of word)
Ĉ ĉ: ch as in cherry
D d: d as in dog
E e: e as in bet
F f: f as in fly
G g: g as in got
Ĝ ĝ: j as in jimmy
H h: h as in hat
Ĥ ĥ: ch as in Scottish loch (this reard is not in wonted brooking in nowen Esperantish).
I i: e as in eat
J j: y as in young
Ĵ ĵ: z as in azure
K k: k as in kin
L l: l as in lot
M m: m as in make
N n: n as in nine
O o: o as in oak
P p: p as in pear
R r: The rearing is manifold by speakers, but some say that it should be.
S s: s as in seen
Ŝ ŝ: sh as in shot
T t: t as in took
U u: oo as in too
Ŭ ŭ: w as in with
V v: v as in vond
Z z: z as in zen
The name for each rune hangs off of the ranking of said rune. If the rune is a, the name for the rune would just be the vocal itself; be it a , however, then the name of said rune would be the streave and the reard ⟨o⟩ following said rune, such as Bo or Ĉo.
Aside from having 28 runes, Esperantish also has a fewwhich it uses as well. The twithedins are as follows:
oj: oy as in boy
aj: i as in mine
ej: ai as in pain
uj: ui as in ruinous
*mark: twithedins can also be made by adding the rune ŭ to a vocal.
aŭ: ow/ou as in thou or cow
eŭ: this is akin to Elmer Fudd's reard of the Chancery English word 'very', as in 'vewy, vewy quiet'.
Showing[edit | edit source]
A byspel of written Esperantish (borrowed from Omniglot: Leaf 1 of the Worldly Forthsaying of Mankind's Rights): 'Ĉiuj homoj estas denaske liberaj kaj egalaj laŭ digno kaj rajtoj. Ili posedas racion kaj konsciencon, kaj devus konduti unu la alian en spirito de frateco.'
: Every humans am/are/is natively free and even by way of dignity and rights. They possess reason and conscience, and would ought to behave one the other in spirit of fraternity.
Anglish oversetting: All folk are born free and even in worth and rights. They are bestowed with mind and heed and should behave towards one another in a mindset of brotherhood.
Namewords and Mark-Words (under forfastening)[edit | edit source]
All namewords in Esperantish have the -o afterfastening attached to them and the -oj afterfastening if the headword is moreford (bysp. Hundo = Dog, Hundoj = Dogs). If a headword is anof a wordstring, then the headword would take the whonefall befalling, meaning that its afterfastening would be either -on or -ojn the word being lonefold or morefold. See the byspel below:
Mia kato trinkas akvon (My cat drinks water)
Notice that akvon has the -on afterfastening. If water were the thread of the wordstring, then it would not take the -n afterfastening.
Bysp. Akvo estas blua (Water is blue)
In this befalling, akvo cannot have the -n afterfastening since this is used to mark the openware of a wordstring.
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