(See also Wordfastnings in Old English')

A wordfastening is a small word that is fastened to the beginning or end of a word, the first called a "forefastening", the after an "endfastening". This leaf will have a foredrawn of at least the most weighty fore- and endfastenings that are brooked n Anglish. See also Likening of Onfastenings by Tongue.


Fastening From Meaning Byspel
al-, all- OE 'eal-', 'eall-' all, whole, in broadness almost
be- OE 'be-'
by- OE 'bī-'
ed- again, back
eft- again, back
for- expresses a sense of negation or simply intensifies the meaning of a word forbid, forget, forbear
fore- before, in front of foretalk, foreboding
forth- forth, forthward, away
gain- against, counter-; back, in backturn; toward
in- in, into, toward, within
or- from the outset, birthlike, out, out from, without
out- on the outside of;
toward the outside of, away from;
surpassing, exceeding;
greater than, beyond;
over- OE 'ofer-' above, or higher;
umb-, ump-,

umbe-, ymbe-

around, about umbeset
un- OE 'un-' (bonded to adjectives or past participles)not
(bonded to nouns)absent, lacking, not
up- OE 'ūp-' indicates raise;
indicate higher spot or ward;
with- OE 'wiþ-' away, back, against, in opposition to withhold, withstand


Anglish Meaning
-ed forms past tense of verbs
-en forms past participle of verbs,
forms plural of some nouns
-er person or thing that performs the action of a verb (thus: swimmer, runner)
person whose occupation is- (thus: builder, meatcutter)
-frod branch of learning; a study of a particular subject (cf. Ic. -fræði, OE frōd 'wise')
-ing forms nouns from the action of verbs
-ish typical or similar to (thus: a girlish smile)
somewhat alike to
(regarding numbers)about, approximately
of a nationality, region or place, or language of a place
-ly forms adjective from nouns, in the sense of "like or characteristic of"
forms adverbs from adjectives
-s forms plural of nouns
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