Old EnglishspEnglish
Plant nFrom Old English; OED: plante ‘seedling’, plantian (verb), from Latin planta ‘sprout, cutting’ (later influenced by French plante) and plantare ‘plant, fix in a place’ 2. a living organism that grows in the ground and has no power to move. 3. wort, herb, grass or small plant; blossom.
Plant vbPut in the ground to grow.
Plant phr"Plant Out" - to take a young plant that is growing in a container, and put it in the ground to grow.
Plant-eater nHerbivores or insects that only eat vegetation, such as grasses, fruits, leaves, vegetables, roots and bulbs.
Planter nAn owner of a plantation. 2. one who plants. 3. early settler or coloniser. 4. an agricultural implement for dropping seed in soil. 5. a decorative in which shrubs and flowers are planted, especially outdoors.
Planthood nThe state or period of a plant.
Planting nThat has been freshly planted.
Plant kingdom nA main classification of living organisms that include all plants.
Plantless nHaving no plants.
Plant-like nHaving the characteristics of a plant.
Plantroom nA room used to grow plants.
Plantsman nAn expert on the identification and cultivation of plants.
Plantwise advIn a manner of a plant. 2. in terms of an industrial site.
PlashnA shallow piece of standing water. 2. pool made by a flood or heavy rain. 3. marshy pool, pool, puddle.
Plaster nOld English, denoting a bandage spread with a curative substance, from medieval Latin plastrum (shortening of Latin emplastrum, from Greek emplastron ‘daub, salve’), later reinforced by the Old French noun plastre. A paste applied to the skin for healing or cosmetic purposes; a healing paste. 2. New Zealand British - a small adhesive bandage to cover a minor wound; a sticking plaster. 3. mixture of lime or gypsum, sand, and water, sometimes with the addition of fibres, that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls and ceilings; wonderboard. 4. a cast made of plaster of Paris and gauze; plaster cast.
PLaster vbTo cover or coat something with plaster, or apply a plaster. 2. to hide or cover up, as if with plaster.
Plaster phr"Plaster One's Hair Down" - make hair lie flat by coating it with hair cream.
Plaster phr"Plaster Over" - cover seal with plaster.
Plaster-board nA board made of a slab of gyps mixed with fibres of or plaster between sheets of of fibrous paper, used as wallboard or as backing finish on walls.
Plastered adjRendered with plaster, or plasterboard. 2. (slang) - drunk.
Plasterless adjWithout plaster (the building material). 2. unplastered.
Plaster-like adjResembling or characteristic of plaster (the material).
Plaster-stone nCalcined gypsum, or sulphate of lime, which when mixed with water sets quickly and is used for castes, mouldings, etc.
Plasterwork nArchitectural work wrought in plaster.
Plastery adjLike plasrer, viscid.
PlatnA flat blow, slap, smack.
PlatvbTo strike. 2. to hurry, rush, to move noisily. 3. to crash, bounce, strike.
PlaynExercise in a brisk or free movement or action. 2. of living things: active bodily exercise, as in fencing, dancing, leaping, swimming. 3. rapid movement. 4. sport
PlayvGive oneself amusement by running around, acting stories, etc. as children do. 2. to take part in sport, amusement with cards. 3. hit balls, play sport, do something playfully. 4. make music, sing, play musical instruments, dance.
Play phr"As Good as a Play" - intensely amusing.
Play phr"Be Child's Play" - be easy or to require elementary skills and knowledge.
Play phr"Be in Full Play" - be fully operational.
Play phr"Bring Into Play" - make us of.
Play phr"Don't Play Games with Me" - do not insult my intelligence by that kind of conduct.
Play phr"In Play" - in football, within the boundary lines of the field of play.
Play phr"Make a Play for" - attempt to get something or someone.
Play phr"Make Play of/with" - emphasize.
Play phr"Play a Deep Game" - to show cunning.
Play phr"Play a Fish" - to exhaust a hooked fish by allowing it to pull against the line.
Play phr"Play a Lone Hand" - manage one's life, plan and carry out a project or undertaking, often by one's own choice, without the co-operation or support of others
Play phr"Play Along With" - act in accordance (with). 2. go along with; co-operate with.
Play phr"Play At" - engage or commit in casually or in a halfheartedly. 2. pretend for fun to be somebody or do something, as (cops and robbers).
Play phr"Play Away" - to be sexually unfaithful out of one's home. 2. informal (of a married person) have a love affair; away-play.
Play phr"Play Back" - run the recording device through again, so that the recorded material on it can be heard or seen. 2. in sport, such as tennis, return the ball.
Play phr"Play by Play" - dealing with each play consecutively.
Play phr"Play by the Book" - act , or play strictly, according to the rules.
Play phr"Play Cat and Mouse With" - tease somebody (by keeping him/her uninformed)
Play phr"Play Dead" - remain motionless and preten to be dead.
Play phr"Play Down (Something)" - seek to have less emphasis or attention given to something. 2. minimize or reduce the importance of.
Play phr"Play Ducks and Drakes" - not to treat a matter seriously.
Play phr"Play Dumb" - pretend to be dumb. 2. idiomatic: pretend to be slow-witted or lacking in self knowledge, usually in order to avoid responsibility or to gain some advantage.
Play phr"Played Out" - performed until finished. 2. used up, exhausted; originally employed by gamblers.
Play phr"Play Fair With(with somebody)" - pay a game according to the rules and established procedure. 2. (fair play) - eleven-handedness; fairness in a competitive activity.
Play phr"Play for Love of " - pursue an interest or hobbies for the enjoyment alone.
Play phr"Play for Time" - try to delay defeat or an embarrassing admission etc, by keeping one's opponent or questioner at a distance.
Play phr"Play Hard to Get" - pretend to have less interest that one's feels towards somebody of the opposite sex. 2. try to set a high value on oneself by not readily accepting any/a proposal, invitation etc.
Play phr"Play High" - gamble for high stakes.
Play phr"Play Into Somebody's Hands" - act to somebody advantage, usually by doing something hoped for planned for by that person.
Play phr"Play it by Ear" - develop one's strategy to always fit in with circumstances as they change from time to time.
Play phr"Play it Cool" - not get angry, excited, enthusiastic, perturbed, etc.
Play phr"Play Like a Fiddle" - to manipulate a person very skilfully as to achieve selfish-benefits.
Play phr"Play Merry Hell" - make worse, or severely damage, disrupt.
Play phr"Play Off" - Of teams or competitors that have secured the same number of points, won the same number of matches, in a championship, play or oppose one another in the deciding match.
Play phr"Play off Against" - oppose one person to another, for one's own advantage.
Play phr"Play On" - continue to play, resume play.
Play phr"Play One Against the Other" - gain an advantage by making two other people compete.
Play phr"Play On Words" - make use of words and expressions similar form but with different meanings for humorous effect. 2. a pun, a joke that relies on double meaning.
Play phr"Play Out" - enact, perform.
Play phr"Played Out" - having lost one's vitality, talent, etc. 2. exhausted, stale, hackneyed, out of date.
Play phr"Play Right Into Someone's Hands" - act as to give a person an unintended advantage.
Play phr"Play Somebody's Game" - willing, or unwilling or unknowingly, conform with somebody's policy, methods, aims and promote his/her interests rather than one's owns.
Play phr"Play Some Up" - to be a nuisance to them, to haras and annoy. 2. to behave in a troublesome fashion, as schoolchildren are wont 'to play up' certain of their teachers.
Play phr"Play the Devil with" - seriously disturb or upset somebody or something. 2. seriously reproach somebody.
Play phr"Play the Field" - distribute one's attentions among several people (usually in a romantic way).
Play phr"Play the Game" - do what is fair, right, honorable. 2. do what is expected of one as a loyal ally, supporter or as a honorable opponent in competition.
Play phr"Play the Giddy Goat" - act the fool.
Play phr"Play the New Year in" - play to celebrate and announce the New Year.
Play phr"Play the Old Year out" - play to celebrate the end of the old year.
Play phr"Play the Same Game" - deliberately(and especially as a means of gaining one's own ends) either (pretend to)or seemingly co-operate with somebody or try to match or outdo him/ her by using methods similar to his?hers.
Play phr"Play Things Right" - handle a situation, carry out what one's means to do, with the necessary skill or cunning to be successful.
Play phr"Play to the Gods" - Degrading one’s vocation ad captandum vulgus. The gods, in theatrical phrase, are the spectators in the uppermost gallery, the ignobile vulgus. The ceiling of Drury Lane theatre was at one time painted in imitation of the sky, with Cupids and other deities here and there represented. As the gallery referred to was near the ceiling, the occupants were called the gods. In French this gallery is nick-named paradis.
Play phr"Play Up" - (slang) act with vigour and enthusiasm. 2. be a nuisance, annoy ; deliberately antagonize, torment physically hurt. 3. emphasize or over stress one's role contribution, role.
Play phr"Play Upon" - exploit the fears, weakness of somebody, develop an advantage(usually to harm somebody).
Play phr"Play Up To" - flatter, encourage to win an advantage for oneself in employment, love, etc. 2. to seek to ingratiate oneself with a person by flattery.
Play phr"Play With" - handle, treat in a light, casual and irresponsible way. 2. amuse oneself by handling; handle in a casual, absent-minded way; toy with. 3. consider, but not very seriously; dally with.
Play phr"Play With Fire" - court danger; do things that might lead to trouble. 2. invite trouble through one's foolish conduct.
Play phr"This May be Play to You, It is Death to Us" - the allusion is to Aesop's fable of the boys throwing stones at some frogs.
Play phr"Two Can Play that Game" - I can also be as deceitful, unpleasant as you.
Play phr"What He's Playing At" - (a rhetorical question) expression of anger at somebody who is behaving foolishly and/or dangerously.
Play phr"When the Cat's Away the Mice Will Play" - in the absence of supervision discipline will be lax.
Play-backnThe reproduction of sound, pictures or both from disc, tape or film recording.
Playback singer nA singer who records songs to be mimed in a film by actors.
Playbook nA book containing the script of a play. 2. a book of plays.
Play-by-play adjDealing with each play consecutively.
Playday nA name given to play or diversion; a holiday.
Playdough nChildren's modelling clay.
Play-downvbTo treat as of little or unimportant, minimize
Player nOne who plays any game or sport. 2. (theater) An actor in a dramatic play. 3. (music) One who plays on a musical instrument. 4. (gaming, video games) a gamer; a gamester. 5. a gambler. 6. (historical) a mechanism that actuates a player piano or other automatic musical instrument. 7. (electronics) An electronic device or software application that plays audio and/or video media, such as CD player. 8. one who is playful; one without serious aims; an idler; a trifler. 9. a significant participant. 10. (informal) 11. a person who plays the field rather than having a long-term sexual relationship
Playerless adjWithout a player, as a playerless musical instrument.
Playership nThe condition or state of being a player.
Playfeer nCompanion, comrade, friend, playmate; playfere.
PlayfellownAn associate in games; a playmate
Playfield nAn extensive piece of ground, especially, one part of a school.
Playfight nA pretend or recreational fight.
Play-friend nA playmate
PlayfuladjFull of play, ready for play. 2. not serious, acting or done in humour. 2. fond of play, fun; lively.
Playfully advIn a playfull manner.
PlayfulnessnSomething done with fulsomeness, merrily or jocose.
Playgame nThe play of children.
PlaygoernOne who likes the Theatre and frequently goes.
PlaygroundnA ground used for playing games; space set aside for sport and recreation. 2. an oval; sport's field, park
PlayhousenA theatre. 2. a small house in which children play.
Playing nAn occasion on which something, such as a song show, is played.
Playland nAn area of free recreation.
Playleader nA person who leads or assists with organized children's play.
Playmaker na player in a sport with goals, such as a guard in basketball, who initiates offensive plays. 2. someone with exceptional ability in any particular area, and is able to perform at a high level with relative ease.
Playmaking nThe act of a player in a sport with goals, such as a guard in basketball, who initiates offensive plays. 2. the act of someone with exceptional ability in any particular area, and is able to perform at a high level with relative ease.
Playock nA toy or plaything; 'ock' a diminutive, such as in 'hillock'.
Play-off nTo oppose one another. 2. to play another game to decide a tie.
Playout nIn broadcasting, playout is a term for the transmission of radio or TV channels from the broadcaster into broadcast networks that delivers the content to the audience.
Playpen nA portable wooden enclosure which can be set up in a room, for small children to play in.
Playroom nA room allocated as a children's play area, in which noisy and boisterous activities are tolerated.
Playsome adjPlayful, wanton, sportive, playsome.
Playsomely advIn a playful, sportive, noisy, boisterous manner.
Play-someness nThe quality of being playsome.
Playsong nA children's song involving play activities, such as clapping or dancing; a playsong.
Playstow nPlayground; gymnasium, amphitheater. 2. a place or stow for playing; a playstow; a wrestling-ring.
PlaythingnSomething for playing with. 2. a toy.
Playthrough nThe act of playing a game from start to finish, such as a video.
Playtime nA time for play. 2. recreation; a recreational break between school periods.
Play-upvbTo misbehave, annoy,
Play-upon-wordsphrA pun. 2. words used with a double meaning.
Playwork nThe work of creating and maintaining spaces foe children to play; playwork.
PlaywrightnA writer of plays; a dramatist. 2. a person who writes plays is a playwright not a playwrite.
Playwrite vbTo write plays or drama; to playwrite.
Playwriting nThe act of writing plays; a dramatist.
PlightnIn OE: danger, risk, peril. 2. sin, offence, guilt, blame. 3. pledge, solemn promise, an assurance, pledge. undertaking of risk. 4. a state or condition usually of a distressing kind. 5. a state of perplexity; a predicament.
PlightvbGive undertaking to be truth to one's pledge of faith, marriage, betroth, word of honor, honesty.
Plight phr"Plight Oneself" - a couple's promise to marry one another.
Plight phr"Plight One's Troth" - agree to marry ((from a response in the Anglican marriage ceremony).
Plight phr"Plight One's Word." - to give or pledge one's word to promise or pledge support.
Plighter nOne who or that which plights, engages or pledges to do something.
Plightful adjFull of danger; risky; perilous. 2. full of plight; plighted, pledged, devoted.
Plightfully advIn a plightful manner. 2. indicating plight, dire, grim, grievous situation.
PlightingnPledging, risking,
Plightly advIndicating plight, in a dire, grim, grievous manner.
Plight-ringnAn engagement ring.
PlitchvbTo pluck, pull. 2. to carp, criticise, pull apart
PlitchingnCarping, criticising
Plot nA small piece land or area of ground.
Plotful adjAbounding plots of land.
PloughnO.E : a measure of land; O.N: an implement of plowing or apparatus (usu. drawn by horse, oxen or driven by mechanical power) for cutting through, turning over, or breaking up the soil. 2. any implement that works like a plow, a snow plough. 3, ploughed land; a measure of plowed lands
PloughvbTo turn a field or pasture over using a plough. 2. go through something in a strong, but plodding manner or way. 3. to furrow or make ridges. 4. to plow through water or waves.
Plough phr"Plough a Lonely Furrow" - carry out one's own work, or main activities alone.
Plough phr"Plough Back" - reinvest profits in a business.
Plough phr"Plough In" - cover, bury with earth from the plough.
Plough phr"Plough New Ground" - to laboriously engage in an untried activity.
Plough phr"Plough On" - in methodically and painstakingly continue with an activity.
Plough phr"Plough Out of" - withdraw, draw out; draw out of.
Plough phr"Plough the Alms" - in medieval England , a payment of one penny for each plow team in the parish, paid to the priest a fortnight after Easter.
Plough phr"Plough the Sands" - to undertake a useless undertaking.
Plough phr"Plough Through" - read something with difficulty.
Plough phr"Plough Under" - to put from sight by ploughing up and covering with soil. 2. obliterate
Plough phr"Plough Up" - uncover, dig up, with a the plough.
Plough phr"Plough With Another's Heifer" - to use information obtained by other means, eg. through a treacherous friend (see: Judges Ch 16. v 18.
Plough phr"Put One's Hand to the Plough" - voluntarily undertake some task. 2. to commence operations in earnest. Only by by keeping one's eyes on the object ahead as it is possible to plough straight.
Plough phr"Put the Plough before the Oxen" - another way of saying 'to put the cart before the house'
Plough phr"Speed the Plough!" - let us get on with this as fast as possible!
Plough phr"To Be Ploughed" - to fail to pass an examination.
Plough alms phrIn medieval England, a payment of one penny for each plough team in the parish, paid to the priest a fortnight after Easter.
Plough-beam nThe horizontal projecting part of a plow frame, whose front end is attached to the swingletree.
Plough-botenIn OE. Law: the wood or timber which the tenant had a right to cut for making and repairing ploughs and other agricultural implements.
Ploughed adjTurned over with the blade of a plough to create furrows, usually for growing crops. 2. well trodden or well-researched; previously explored.
Plough-horse nA horse that draws or pulls a plow.
Ploughing nTh act of ploughing a field.
Ploughland nLand that is ploughed for growing crops; arable land. 2. a measure of land used in the northern and eastern counties of England after the Norman conquest, based on the area able to be ploughed in a year by a team of eight oxen.
Plough-like adjResembling or characteristic of a plough.
Ploughman nOne who plows, a cultivator, hence a rustic.
Plough Monday nThe first Monday after Epiphany, The Twevlth Night when ploughing should begin.
Plough Sunday nTraditional English celebration of the beginning of the agricultural year that has seen some revival over recent years.
Ploughshare nThe blade of a plough; also 'plowshare.
Ploughwise advBack and forth in alternate rows in the manner of a plough.
Ploughwright nA workman who makes and repairs ploughs.
PlownSee Plough. 2. The group of seven stars commonly called "Charles's Wain" or the "Dipper" or the "Big Dipper" (Ursa Major).
PlucknCourage, strength of action in a crisis: not giving away to fear. 2. confidence and spirit in the face of danger 3. the heart, liver, windpipe, lungs of animal or man.
PluckvbTo pull off or out. 2. to take feathers off a bird; pull flowers off a plant. 3. to pull out hair, feathers, or remove the inners of a chicken, turkey or other cooking bird. 4. to cause a musical instrument to sound by pulling its strings, harp, guitar etc. 5. to give a sudden pull or tug.
Pluck phr"He's a Plucked'un" - he's a plucky chap; there's no frightening him.
Plack phr"I'll Pluck His Goose for Him" - I will lower his pride; make him eat humble pie.
Pluck phr"Pluck Up" - to call up or rouse one courage in the face of danger or crisis.
Plucked adjOf something with feathers, hair, etc having had these items removed by plucking. 2. of the strings of an instrument- played by plucking. 3. having courage and spirit, plucky.
Plucikily advIn a plucky manner.
Pluckiness nThe character of being plucky.
Plucking nThe act of taking feathers off a bird; or pulling flowers off a plant. 2. the act of causing a musical instrument to sound by pulling its strings, harp, guitar etc. 3. the act of giving a sudden pull or tug on something, as the tug of a small child onits mother's dress.
Pluckless adjWithout pluck; timid, weak; faint-hearted.
Plucky adjHaving resolute courage; spirited; courageous.
PlumnA smooth skinned edible stone fruit of various trees of the genus, Prunus.
Plum phr"The Plum: - the best in the collection. 2. obsolete term for a large sum of money, or for its possession. Now used figuraively meaning the very best part of anything; te prize, the 'pick of the basket', a windfall
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