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The Old Freesish tung was the West Theedish tung spoken between the eightth and sixteenth hundredyears, by the folk who, from their olden homes in northern Theechland and Denmark, had settled in the ground between the Rine and Elb eas on the Quidlandish North Sea strand in the H4th & H5th. The tung of the earlier folk living in the landship (the Freesish nameknownly told of by Tacitus) is not born witness to. Old Freesish became Middle Freesh spoken from the sixteenth to the H19th.

Throughout the whole of the Middle Eldths, the Fryslân streched from the ground around Bruges, in what is now Belgland, to the ea Weser, in northern Theechland. At that time, the Freesh tung was spoken along the whole southern North Sea strand. Today this landship is sometimes spoken of as Greater Freesland or Freesia Magna, and many of the grounds within it still look up to their Freesish roots, even though in most stows the Freesish tungs have been lost.

The folk from northern Theechland and Denmark who settled in England from the H4th onward, came from the same landship and spoke the same tung as the folk who had settled in Freesland. Therefore there is a near alikeness between Old Freesish and Old English. This alikeness was strengthened in the late Middle Eldths by the Ingvaeonish loudshift (Angle-Freesish nosely narrowloud law), in which Freesh and English took a share, but in which Old Saxish took a share only slightly, and none of the other West Theedish tungs.

Western Freesish:

'Dis dei is goed oeral. De sinne is waarm en de licht fan de sinne-skinen fielen goed wit de myld wyn. Juster elke was goed, buten dis dei is better. De sinne-opgong en de sinne-undergong is moai wit de blew lofts. Buten dis dei is lyket de maaitiid en net de simmertiid. Ik find dit dei de best of de wike. De rein komt foar de wykein foar Saterdei en Sunndei moarn, but it will net by kald en wol gean oer uus by de middei. De stjeren wol elke by sichtber yn de nacht en sa wol de moanne.'

English oversetting:

'This day is good overall. The sun is warm and the light from the sun-shining feels good with the mild wind. Yesterday also was good, but this day is better. The sunrise and the sunset is beautiful with the blue sky. But this day is like the springtime and not the summertime. I find this day the best of the week. The rain is coming for the weekend for Saturday and Sunday morning, but it will not be cold and will go over us by the midday. The stars will also be visible in the night and so will the moon.'

Speechsteadlore and stavecraftEdit

Also, when followed by some selflouds, the theednish k softened to a ch loud, such as the Freesh for cheese and church is tsiis and tsjerke, whereas in Netherlandish it is kaas and kerk. One rhyme homegrown to both England and Freesland shows the clear alikeness between Freesh and English: "Bread, butter and green cheese is good English and good Freesish.", which is louded more or less the same in both tungs (Freesh: "Brea, bûter, en griene tsiis is goed Ingelsk en goed Frysk.")

Old Freesish (about 1150-1550) withheld stavecraftly bendlings. Some of the writings that have been kept from this tide are from the H12th or H13th, but most are from the H14th and H15th. All in all, these writings are only lawfulsome writings. Although the earliest known written earnestnesses of Freesh are from about the H9th, there are a few earnestnesses of runish writings from the landship which are most likely older and likely in the Freesish tung. These runish writings however are mostly no more than one- or two-word markings.

BodyEdit

There are some early Freesish names kept in Latin writings, and some runish (Futhorc) markings, but the oldest outlasting writs in Old Freesh are from the H13th, namely rikewise- and lawwrits. They show a great deal of tungish oneliness.

  • Westeremden yew-stick (about 750-900)
  • Fon Alra Fresena Fridome [1] (English)
  • Hunsigo MSS H1, H2: Ten Behests [2] (English), 17 petitiones [3] (English)
  • Londriucht [4] (English)
  • Thet Freske Riim [5] (English)
  • Skeltana Riucht law writing [6] (English)


Links to leaves about tungs (adight)
Tungs Kin of tungs
Indo-Europish tungs
Theedish tungs North Theedish tungs: Faroish tung - Norish tung - Icelandish (High Icelandish) - Old Norse - Old Gutnish - South Jutish - Danish tung - Swedish tung - Elfdalsh tung (moot) - Norn tung (dead) - Gutnish tung (moot)
West Theedish tungs:
Weser-Rhine Theedish tungs: Old Low Frankish - Netherlandish tung - Highsunlandish tung - Limburgish tung - Zeelandish tung - Flemish tung (moot)
Elbe Theedish tungs: Old High Theech - Theech tung - Allmenish tung - Bairish tung - Wymysorys tung - Lombardish tung (dead) - Littleburgish tung - Hunsridgish tung - Yiddish tung - Ripuarish tung
North Sea Theedish tungs: Saxish (Old Saxish - Middle Low Saxish - Low Saxish tung) | English (Old English tung - Middle English tung - English tung - Anglish (moot) - Lowland Scottish tung - Northumberish tung (moot) - Yola) | Freesish (Old Freesish tung - Western Freesish - Northern Freesish - Saterland Freesish)

East Theedish tungs (dead): Gottish tung - Wendish tung - Burgundish tung

Celtish tungs Mainland Celtish tungs (dead): Celtiberish tung - Cisalpine Gaulish tung - Galatish tung - Gallaecish tung - Gaulish tung - Lepontish tung - East Celtish tung - Iberi-Celtish tungs
Gelish tungs: Irish tung - Scots Gelish tung - Manx tung - Galloway Gelish (dead)
Brythonish tungs: Cornish tung - Welsh tung - Wonted Brythonish tung (dead) - Cumbrish tung (dead) - Breton tung - Ivernish tung (dead)
Other: Pictish tung (dead) - Shelta - Beurla Reagaird(craftspeech)
Balt-Slavish tungs Slavish tungs:
East Slavish tungs: Russish tung - Borderish tung - White Russish tung
West Slavish tungs: Slesish tung - Polish tung - Bohemish tung (a.k.a Checklandish Tung) - Slovakish tung - Kashubish tung
South Slavish tungs: Serb-Croatish (Serbish tung - Blackbarrowish tung - Bosnish tung - Croatish tung) - Bulgarish tung - Macedonish tung - Slovenish tung

Baltish tungs: Lithuish tung - Lettish tung - Old Prussish (dead) - Kurish
Italish tungs Sabellish tungs (dead): Oscish tung - Old Venetish - Umbrish tung


Latish-Faliscish tungs (dead):
Latish (Folklatish) - Faliscish tung
Romanish tungs: Italish-Western tungs:
Italish-Damatalish: Damatalish tung (dead) - Istriotish tung - Tuscish tung - Venetish tung - Corsicish tung - Sassarish tung - Sicilish tung - Neapolish tung - Italish tung
Western-Romenish tungs: Gaulish-Romanish (Old French tung - Middle French tung - French tung - Picardish tung - Wallonish tung - Normandish tung (Angle-Normandish) - Burgundish tung (Romanish) - Arpitish tung - Savoyardish tung - Gallosk tung - Romansh tung - Occitsh tung - Catalandish tung - Piedmontish tung - Ligurish tung - Lombardish tung (Romanish)) | Iberish (Spanish tung - Aragonish tung - Galicish tung - Leonish tung - Jewish Spanish (Ladino) - Mirandish tung - Falash tung - Portugalish tung - Mozarabish tung (dead) - Sephardish tung)
Eastern-Romanish tungs: Romeenish tung - Arromeenish tung - Sardinish tung

Greekish tungs Greekish tung - Grikosh Tung - Tsakonish tung - Pontish tung - Yevanish tung - Cappadocish Greekish - Calabrish tung
Tocharish tungs (dead) Turfanish tung - Kucheish tung - Kröanish
Anatolish tungs (dead) Hittish - Lydiash - Luish - Lycish - Palaish
Indo-Iranish tungs Indo-Aryish: (Hindlandish offshoots: Hindish tung - Urdu tung) - Bengalish tung - Roma tung - Punjabish tung


Iranish: Balochish tung - Pashto tung - Persish tung - Kurdish tung

Other Indo-Europish Albanish tung - Armenish tung - Dacish tung (dead) - Illyrish tungs (dead) - Old Ligurish tung (dead) - Phrygish tung (dead) - Thracish tung (dead)
Other tungs:
Semitish tungs Amharish tung - Arabish tung - Aramaish tung - Hebrew tung - Akkadish tung (dead) - Assyrish tung
Ulgarish tungs Estish tung - Finnish tung - Ungarish tung - Sami tungs - Livonish tung
Turkish tungs Oghuz: Mickleyard Turkish tung - Azerish tung - Turkmen tung - Urum tung - Gagauz tung - Qashqai tung - Khorasani tung - Salar tung

Karluk: Uzbek tung - Uyghur tung - Ili Turki tung - Chagatai tung (dead) - Karakhanid tung (dead)

Khalaj: Khalaj tung

Oghur: Chuvash tung - Turkish Bulgar tung (dead) - Khazar tung? (dead) - Hunnic tung? (dead) - Avar tung? (dead)

Siberish: Sakha tung - Tuvish tung - Altai tung - Dolgan tung - Tofa tung - Khakas tung - Fuyu Kyrgyz - Shor tung - Western Yugur tung - Chulym tung

Kipchak: Kazakh tung - Kyrgyz tung - Tatar tung - Krimlandish Tatar tung - Bashkir tung - Karachay-Balkar tung - Kumyk tung - Karaim tung - Krymchak tung - Urum tung - Cuman tung (dead) - Karakalpak tung - Siberish Tatar tung - Nogai tung - Fergana Kipchak tung

Japonish tungs Japanish tung - Ryukyu tungs (moot)
Mongolish tungs Khalkha tung - Buryat tung - Oirat tung - Moghol tung - Dagur tung - Ordos tung
Austronesish tungs Philippine: Philipslandish tung - Yami tung - Ivatan tung - Ilocano tung - Ibanag tung - Gaddang tung - Pangasinan tung - Kapampangan tung - Sidefolkish tung - Waray tung - Hiligaynon tung - Asi tung - Romblomanon tung - Onhan tung - Kinaray-a tung - Aklanon tung - Cebuano tung - Tausug tung - Maranao tung - Tboli tung - Tombulu tung - Sangirish tung - Gorontalo tung - Mongondow tung

Malayish: Malay tung - Indonesish tung - Menterap tung - Iban tung - Remun tung - Mualang tung - Seberuang tung - Sebuyau tung - Kendayan tung - Keninjal tung - Bamayo tung - Urak Lawoi tung - Minangkabau tung - Banjarish tung - Betawi tung

Polynesish: Tongish tung - Niuafoou tung - Niuish tung - Wallisish tung - Futunish tung - Pukapukish tung - Rennellish tung - Tikopish tung - West Uveish - Futuna-Aniwa tung - Mele-Fila tung - Emae tung - Anuta tung - Samoish tung - Tokelauish tung - Tuvaluish tung - Nukuoro tung - Kapingamarangi tung - Nukurish tung (dead?) - Takuu tung - Nukumanu tung - Ontong Java tung - Sikaiana tung - Vaeakau-Taumako tung - Rapa Nuish tung - Marquesish tung - Mangareva tung - Firelandish tung - Tahitish tung - Austral tung - Rapa tung - Taumotuish tung - Rarotongish tung - Rakahanga-Manihiki tung - Penrhyn tung - Maorish tung - Moriori tung (dead)

Sinitish-Tibetish tungs Sinitish: Chinish tung

Tibetish-Burmish: Burmish tung - Tibetish tung - Dzongkha tung - Gongduk tung - Lhokpu tung - Olekha tung - Lepcha tung - Sharchop tung - Pyu tung (dead) - Meitei tung - Karbi tung - Tujia tung - Puroik tung

Niger-Congo tungs Swahilish tung - Wolof tung - Yorubish tung - Igbo tung - Xhosa tung - Zulu tung
Koreish tungs Koreish tung - Jeju tung (moot)
Kra-Dai tungs Thai tung - Lao tung - Ahom tung (dead)
Austroasiatish tungs Vietnamish tung - Khmer tung
Forbinded Tungs Papiamento tung - Loudwyeland French - Haitish French
Lone tungs Baskish tung - Ainu tung
Other Cherokee tung - Coptish tung - Canaman Folktung - Esperantish tung (crafted) - Etruscish tung (dead) - Folkspraak tung (crafted) - Greenlandish tung - Georgeish tung - Klingon (crafted) - Laadanish tung (crafted) - Lakotish tung
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