The Old Freesish tung was the West Theedish tung spoken between the eightth and sixteenth hundredyears, by the folk who, from their olden homes in northern Theechland and Denmark, had settled in the ground between the Rine and Elb eas on the Quidlandish North Sea strand in the H4th & H5th. The tung of the earlier folk living in the landship (the Freesish nameknownly told of by Tacitus) is not born witness to. Old Freesish became Middle Freesh spoken from the sixteenth to the H19th.

Throughout the whole of the Middle Eldths, the Fryslân streched from the ground around Bruges, in what is now Belgland, to the ea Weser, in northern Theechland. At that time, the Freesh tung was spoken along the whole southern North Sea strand. Today this landship is sometimes spoken of as Greater Freesland or Freesia Magna, and many of the grounds within it still look up to their Freesish roots, even though in most stows the Freesish tungs have been lost.

The folk from northern Theechland and Denmark who settled in England from the H4th onward, came from the same landship and spoke the same tung as the folk who had settled in Freesland. Therefore there is a near alikeness between Old Freesish and Old English. This alikeness was strengthened in the late Middle Eldths by the Ingvaeonish loudshift (Angle-Freesish nosely narrowloud law), in which Freesh and English took a share, but in which Old Saxish took a share only slightly, and none of the other West Theedish tungs.

Western Freesish:

'Dis dei is goed oeral. De sinne is waarm en de licht fan de sinne-skinen fielen goed wit de myld wyn. Juster elke was goed, buten dis dei is better. De sinne-opgong en de sinne-undergong is moai wit de blew lofts. Buten dis dei is lyket de maaitiid en net de simmertiid. Ik find dit dei de best of de wike. De rein komt foar de wykein foar Saterdei en Sunndei moarn, but it will net by kald en wol gean oer uus by de middei. De stjeren wol elke by sichtber yn de nacht en sa wol de moanne.'

English oversetting:

'This day is good overall. The sun is warm and the light from the sun-shining feels good with the mild wind. Yesterday also was good, but this day is better. The sunrise and the sunset is beautiful with the blue sky. But this day is like the springtime and not the summertime. I find this day the best of the week. The rain is coming for the weekend for Saturday and Sunday morning, but it will not be cold and will go over us by the midday. The stars will also be visible in the night and so will the moon.'

Speechsteadlore and stavecraftEdit

Also, when followed by some selflouds, the theednish k softened to a ch loud, such as the Freesh for cheese and church is tsiis and tsjerke, whereas in Netherlandish it is kaas and kerk. One rhyme homegrown to both England and Freesland shows the clear alikeness between Freesh and English: "Bread, butter and green cheese is good English and good Freesish.", which is louded more or less the same in both tungs (Freesh: "Brea, bûter, en griene tsiis is goed Ingelsk en goed Frysk.")

Old Freesish (about 1150-1550) withheld stavecraftly bendlings. Some of the writings that have been kept from this tide are from the H12th or H13th, but most are from the H14th and H15th. All in all, these writings are only lawfulsome writings. Although the earliest known written earnestnesses of Freesh are from about the H9th, there are a few earnestnesses of runish writings from the landship which are most likely older and likely in the Freesish tung. These runish writings however are mostly no more than one- or two-word markings.


There are some early Freesish names kept in Latin writings, and some runish (Futhorc) markings, but the oldest outlasting writs in Old Freesh are from the H13th, namely rikewise- and lawwrits. They show a great deal of tungish oneliness.

  • Westeremden yew-stick (about 750-900)
  • Fon Alra Fresena Fridome [1] (English)
  • Hunsigo MSS H1, H2: Ten Behests [2] (English), 17 petitiones [3] (English)
  • Londriucht [4] (English)
  • Thet Freske Riim [5] (English)
  • Skeltana Riucht law writing [6] (English)

Links to leaves about tungs (adight)
Tungs Kin of tungs
Indo-Europish tungs
Theedish tungs North Theedish tungs: Faroish tung - Norish tung - Icelandish (High Icelandish) - Old Norse - Old Gutnish - South Jutish - Danish tung - Swedish tung - Elfdalsk tung (moot) - Norn tung (dead) - Gutnish tung (moot)
West Theedish tungs:
Weser-Rhine Theedish tungs: Old Low Frankish - Netherlandish tung - Highsunlandish tung - Limburgish tung - Zeelandish tung - Flemish byleid
Elbe Theedish tungs: Old High Theech - Theech tung - Allmenish tung - Bairish tung - Wymysorys tung - Lombardish tung (dead) - Littleburgish tung - Hunsridgish tung - Yiddish tung - Ripuarish tung
North Sea Theedish tungs: Saxish (Old Saxish - Middle Low Saxish - Low Saxish tung) | English (Old English tung - Middle English tung - English tung - Anglish (moot) - Lowland Scottish tung - Yola) - Freesish (Old Freesish tung - Western Freesish - Northern Freesish - Saterland Freesish)

East Theedish tungs (dead): Gottish tung - Wendish tung - Burgundish tung

Celtish tungs Mainland Celtish tungs (dead): Celtiberish tung - Cisalpine Gaulish tung - Galatish tung - Gallaecish tung - Gaulish tung - Lepontish tung - East Celtish tung - Iberi-Celtish tungs
Gelish tungs: Gelish tung - Scots Gelish tung - Manx tung - Galloway Gelish (dead)
Brythonish tungs: Cornish tung - Welsh tung - Wonted Brythonish tung (dead) - Cumbrish tung (dead) - Breton tung - Ivernish tung (dead)
Other: Pictish tung (dead) - Shelta - Beurla Reagaird(craftspeech)
Balt-Slavish tungs Slavish tungs:
East Slavish tungs: Russish tung - Borderish tung - White Russish tung
West Slavish tungs: Slesish tung - Polish tung - Bohemish tung (a.k.a Checklandish Tung) - Slovakish tung - Kashubish tung
South Slavish tungs: Serb-Croatish (Serbish tung - Blackbarrowish tung - Bosnish tung - Croatish tung) - Bulgarish tung - Macedonish tung - Slovenish tung

Baltish tungs: Lithuish tung - Lettish tung - Old Prussish (dead) - Kurish
Italish tungs Sabellish tungs (dead): Oscish tung - Old Venetish - Umbrish tung

Latish-Faliscish tungs (dead):
Latish (Folklatish) - Faliscish tung
Romanish tungs: Italish-Western tungs:
Italish-Damatalish:Damatalish tung (dead) - Istriotish tung - Tuscish tung - Venetish tung - Corsicish tung - Sassarish tung - Sicilish tung - Neapolish tung - Italish tung
Western-Romenish tungs: Gaulish-Romanish (Old French tung - Middle French tung - French tung - Picardish tung - Wallonish tung - Normandish tung (Angle-Normandish) - Burgundish tung (Romanish) - Arpitish tung - Savoyardish tung - Gallosk tung - Romansh tung - Occitsh tung - Catalandish tung - Piedmontish tung - Ligurish tung - Lombardish tung (Romanish)) | Iberish (Spanish tung - Aragonish tung - Galicish tung - Leonish tung - Mirandish tung - Falash tung - Portugalish tung - Mozarabish tung (dead) - Sephardish tung)
Eastern-Romanish tungs: Romeenish tung - Arromeenish tung - Sardinish tung

Greekish Tungs Greekish tung - Grikosh Tung - Tsakonish tung - Pontish tung - Yevanish tung - Cappadocish Greekish - Calabrish tung
Tocharish tungs (dead) Turfanish - Kucheish - Kröanish
Anatolish tungs (dead) Hittish - Lydiash - Luish - Lycish - Palaish
Indo-Iranish tungs Indo-Aryish: Bengalish - Hindish - Urdu - Roma - Punjabish

Iranish: Balochish - Pashto - Persish - Kurdish

Other Indo-Europish Albanish tung - Armenish tung - Dacish tung (dead) - Illyrish tungs (dead) - Old Ligurish tung (dead) - Phrygish tung (dead) - Thracish tung (dead)
Other tungs:
Other Amharish tung - Arabish tung - Baskish tung - Cherokee tung - Chinish tung - Coptish tung - Canaman Folktung - Esperantish tung (crafted) - Etruscish tung (dead) - Firelandish tung - Greenlandish tung - Georgeish tung - Hebrew tung - Japanish tung - Klingon (crafted) - Koreish tung - Laadanish tung (crafted) - Lakotish tung - Maorish tung - Mongolish tungs - Mongolish Revetung - Philipslandish Tung - Punjabish tung - Samoish tung - Sidefolkish Tung - Swahilish tung - Tibetish tung - Turkish tung - Tuvinish tung - Ulgarish (Estish tung - Finnish tung - Livonish tung - Sami tungs - Ungarish tung)- Vietnamish tung - Xhosha tung - Yorubish tung - Zulu tung