Old Gutnish was the speech of Old Norse that was spoken on the iland of Gotland. It shows enough otherlinesses from the Old East Nordish speeches of Old Swedish and Old Danish that it is thought to be a sundry offshoot.
The root of Gut is the same as in Goth and it is often said that the tung has alikenesses with the Gothish tung, the most well-known sake being that Gothish and Gutnish called bot grown-up and young sheep lamb. These alikenesses have led teachchildren such as Elias Wessén and Dietrich Hoffmann to believe that Old Gutnish is the most nearly akin to Gothish.
The Old Nordish twiselfloud au (as in auga "eye") stayed on in Old West Nordish, while in, say, Old Swedish - midland speeches being standouts - it became the oneslefloud ố, that is, a long make of ô = ǫ, (ốga). Likewise the twiselfloud ai in bain (stone) stayed on in Old West Nordish, while in Old Swedish it became é (bén). Whereas Old West Nordish had the ey twiselfloud (and, say, Old Swedish had the oneselfloud ǿ) Old Gutnish had oy.
|Ur Germanic||Old West Nordish||Old Gutnish||Gothish||Old Swedish||Old Danish|
Most of the body of Old Gutnish is found in the Gutasaga in the thirteenth hundredyear.
- Þissi þieluar hafþi ann sun sum hit hafþi. En hafþa cuna hit huita stierna þaun tu bygþu fyrsti agutlandi fyrstu nat sum þaun saman suafu þa droymdi hennj draumbr. So sum þrir ormar warin slungnir saman j barmj hennar Oc þytti hennj sum þair scriþin yr barmi hennar. þinna draum segþi han firi hasþa bonda sinum hann riaþ dravm þinna so. Alt ir baugum bundit bo land al þitta warþa oc faum þria syni aiga. þaim gaf hann namn allum o fydum. guti al gutland aigha graipr al annar haita Oc gunfiaun þriþi. þair sciptu siþan gutlandi i þria þriþiunga. So at graipr þann elzti laut norþasta þriþiung oc guti miþal þriþiung En gunfiaun þann yngsti laut sunnarsta. siþan af þissum þrim aucaþis fulc j gutlandi som mikit um langan tima at land elptj þaim ai alla fyþa þa lutaþu þair bort af landi huert þriþia þiauþ so at alt sculdu þair aiga oc miþ sir bort hafa sum þair vfan iorþar attu.
Wielding widespread old Nordish spelling:
- Þissi Þjelvar hafði ann sun sum hít Hafði. En Hafða kuna hít Hvíta Stjerna. Þaun tú byggðu fyrsti á Gutlandi. Fyrstu nátt sum þaun saman svafu þá droymdi henni draumr; só sum þrír ormar varin slungnir saman í barmi hennar, ok þýtti henni sum þair skriðin ýr barmi hennar. Þinna draum segði han firi Hafða bónda sínum. Hann raið draum þinna só: "Alt ir baugum bundit, bóland al þitta varða uk fáum þría syni aiga." Þaim gaf hann namn, allum ófýddum; Guti, al Gutland aiga; Graipr, al annar haita; ok Gunnfjaun þriði. Þair skiptu síðan Gutlandi í þría þriðjunga, só at Graipr þann eldsti laut norðasta þriðjung, ok Guti miðal þriðjung, en Gunnfjaun þann yngsti laut sunnarsta. Síðan, af þissum þrim aukaðis fulk í Gutlandi sum mikit um langan tíma at land elpti þaim ai alla fýða. Þá lutaðu þair bort af landi hvert þriðja þjauð só at alt skuldu þair aiga ok mið sír bort hafa sum þair ufan jorðar áttu.
- This Thielvar had a son called Hafthi. And Hafthi's wife was called Whitestar. Those two were the first to settle on Gotland. When they slept there for the first night, she dreamed that three snakes lay in her lap. She told this to Hafthi. He aread her dream like this: "Everything is bound with bangles, this iland will be lived in, and you will bear three sons." Although, they were not yet born, he named them Guti, who would own the iland, Graip and Gunfiaun. The sons clove the iland into three landships, so that Graip who was the eldest took the north, Guti the middle and Gunfjaun, who was the youngest took the southern third. After a long time, their offspring became so fulsome that the iland could not feed all of them. They drew lots and every third ilander had to leave. They could keep everything they owned but the land.
|Tungs||Kin of tungs|
|Theedish tungs||North Theedish tungs: Faroish tung - Norish tung - Icelandish (High Icelandish) - Old Norse - Old Gutnish - South Jutish - Danish tung - Swedish tung - Gutnish tung ( ) - Elfdalsh Tung ( ) |
West Theedish tungs:
Weser-Rhine Theedish tungs: Old Low Frankish - Netherlandish tung - Highsunlandish tung - Zeelandish tung - Flemish tung ( )
Elbe Theedish tungs: Old High Theech - Theech tung - Allmenish tung - Bairish tung - Wymysorys tung - Lombardish tung (dead) - Littleburgish tung - Yiddish tung - Ripuarish tung
North Sea Theedish tungs: Saxish (Old Saxish - Middle Low Saxish - Low Saxish tung) | English (Old English tung - Middle English tung - English tung - Anglish ( ) - Lowland Scottish tung - Northumberish tung ( ) - Yola) | Friesish (Old Friesish tung - Western Friesish - Northern Friesish - Saterland Friesish)
East Theedish tungs (dead): Gottish tung - Wendish tung - Burgundish tung
|Celtish tungs||Mainland Celtish tungs (dead): Galatish tung - Gaulish tung - East Celtish tung|
Gelish tungs: Irish tung - Scots Gelish tung - Manx tung
Brythonish tungs: Cornish tung - Welsh tung - Breton tung
|Balt-Slavish tungs||Slavish tungs: |
East Slavish tungs: Russish tung - Borderish tung - White Russish tung
West Slavish tungs: Slesish tung - Polish tung - Bohemish tung (a.k.a Checklandish Tung) - Slovakish tung - Kashubish tung
South Slavish tungs: Serb-Croatish (Serbish tung - Blackbarrowish tung - Bosnish tung - Croatish tung) - Bulgarish tung - Macedonish tung - Slovenish tung
Baltish tungs: Lithuish tung - Old Prussish (dead)
|Italish tungs||Sabellish tungs (dead): Umbrish tung
|Greekish tungs||Greekish tung - Tsakonish tung - Yevanish tung|
|Indo-Iranish tungs||Indo-Aryish: (Hindlandish offshoots: Hindish tung - Urdu tung) - Punjabish tung
|Other Indo-Europish||Albanish tung - Armenish tung - Thracish tung (dead)|
|Semitish tungs||Amharish tung - Arabish tung - Aramaish tung - Hebrew tung - Assyrish tung|
|Ulgarish tungs||Estish tung - Finnish tung - Ungarish tung - Sami tungs|
|Turkish tungs||Oghuz: Mickleyard Turkish tung - Azerish tung - Turkmen tung
Khalaj: Khalaj tung
Oghur: Chuvash tung - Hunnic tung? (dead) - Avar tung? (dead)
Siberish: Sakha tung - Tuvish tung - Khakas tung - Chulym tung
|Japonish tungs||Japanish tung - Ryukyu tungs ( )|
|Mongolish tungs||Khalkha tung - Buryat tung|
|Southialandish tungs||Philippine: Philipslandish tung - Yami tung - Ivatan tung
Malayish: Malay tung - Indonesish tung - Mualang tung
|Sinitish-Tibetish tungs||Sinitish: Chinish tung|
|Niger-Congo tungs||Swahilish tung - Yorubish tung - Zulu tung|
|Koreish tungs||Koreish tung|
|Southasiatish tungs||Vietnamish tung|
|Forbinded Tungs||Papiamento tung|
|Lone tungs||Baskish tung - Ainu tung|
|Other||Cherokee tung - Canaman Folktung - Esperantish tung (crafted) - Etruscish tung (dead) - Folkspraak tung (crafted) - Greenlandish tung - Toki Pona Tung (crafted) - Volapuk (crafted)|