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Old nordish about 900

This is the nearish spread of Old Northish and kindred tungs in the early 10th hundredyear. The red ground is the spread of the speech Old West Northish; the orange ground is the spread of the speech Old East Northish. The pink ground is Old Gutnish and the green ground is the spread of the other Theedish tungs with which Old Northish still kept some evenway understanding.

Old Norse or Old Northish (Old West Northish: Norrœnt mál. Old East Northish: Dǫnsk tunga) was a Northern Theedish tung spoken in Shedenay from 800 until about 1300. As a Theedish speech, it is akin to English, Theech, and Netherlandish; however, being a North Theedish tongue, it is closer to the nowen tungs of Shedenay. Withal, it is also akin to other Indo-Europish tungs, such as Romish, Greek, Sanskrit, the Celtish and Slavish tungs, and other infolds of Indo-Evelandish. It sprang straight from Ornorthish and soon split into the byleids of Old West Norse, Old East Norse, and Gutnish. Old West Norse begat the nowen tungs Norish (Norse), Icelandish, and Faroish, whilst Old East Norse begat the nowen tungs Danish, Swedish, and Elfdalsk. Of these, Icelandish is the speech that has shifted the least, keeping all of the Old Northish's stavecraft.


SpeechsteadloreEdit

Framework board of speechsteads:

Lip Teeth Alveolar Palatal Velar Lip-velar Throat
Stop p b t d k g
Nose m n (ŋ)
Fricative f v θ (ð) s (ɣ) h
Trill r
Approximant j w
Tongueside Approximant l


StavecraftEdit

Old Nordish is a tung of many word endings.

Namewords and HonewordsEdit

Namewords and honewords take endings for namefall, folkhalf, and scoring, and whether they are strong or weak. Here is the stavecraft of a manly nameword, armr, "arm."

Namefall One Many
Underthrow armr armar
Holding arms arma
Giver armi ǫrmum
Accusative arm arma

Old Northish can bind the words "a/an" and "the" to the end of words as well. As byspell, úlfr ("a wolf") and úlfrinn" ("the wolf")

Wording ByspellEdit

Þórr heitir áss, ok er sterkr mjök ok oft reiðr. Hann á hamar góðan. Þórr ferr oft til Jötunheima ok vegr þar marga jötna með hamrinum. Þórr á ok vagn er flýgr. Hann ekr vagninum um himininn. Þar er Þórr ekr, er stormr.

English Oversetting:

A god hight Thor, that is much stark and oft wrathful. He has a good hammer. Thor fares oft to Jötunhome and slays there many ettins with the hammer. Thor also owns a wagon that flies. He drives the wagon around the sky. Where Thor goes, there are storms.

DeedwordsEdit

WordsettingEdit

WordhoardEdit

Old Northish loan words in English/Anglish Edit

The living together of the English and Northmen in the Danelaw beget many Old Nothish loan words in the English word-hoard . The share of loan words in steadly byleids in Scotland and northern England is even higher than in mean English. Below is a list of some Old Northish loan words in English and Scots.

English Scots Old Northish orspringly meaning
aloft alaft á lopt on loft
anger anger angr swench
awe awe agi qualmthrea
are are er, erum, eruð, eru to be (2. sg and pl)
auk auk auk far-northern seabird
awkward ackwart ǫfugr turned-backward

Old Northish SpeechcraftEdit

Old Nordish is well-known for its leethsongs. It is the tung of the Icelandish sagas, the greatest spring of knowledge about the Northish gods, folklore, and eretide.



Links to leaves about tungs (adight)
Tungs Kin of tungs
Indo-Europish tungs
Theedish tungs North Theedish tungs: Faroish tung - Norish tung - Icelandish (High Icelandish) - Old Norse - Old Gutnish - South Jutish - Danish tung - Swedish tung - Elfdalsh tung (moot) - Norn tung (dead) - Gutnish tung (moot)
West Theedish tungs:
Weser-Rhine Theedish tungs: Old Low Frankish - Netherlandish tung - Highsunlandish tung - Limburgish tung - Zeelandish tung - Flemish tung (moot)
Elbe Theedish tungs: Old High Theech - Theech tung - Allmenish tung - Bairish tung - Wymysorys tung - Lombardish tung (dead) - Littleburgish tung - Hunsridgish tung - Yiddish tung - Ripuarish tung
North Sea Theedish tungs: Saxish (Old Saxish - Middle Low Saxish - Low Saxish tung) | English (Old English tung - Middle English tung - English tung - Anglish (moot) - Lowland Scottish tung - Northumberish tung (moot) - Yola) | Freesish (Old Freesish tung - Western Freesish - Northern Freesish - Saterland Freesish)

East Theedish tungs (dead): Gottish tung - Wendish tung - Burgundish tung

Celtish tungs Mainland Celtish tungs (dead): Celtiberish tung - Cisalpine Gaulish tung - Galatish tung - Gallaecish tung - Gaulish tung - Lepontish tung - East Celtish tung - Iberi-Celtish tungs
Gelish tungs: Irish tung - Scots Gelish tung - Manx tung - Galloway Gelish (dead)
Brythonish tungs: Cornish tung - Welsh tung - Wonted Brythonish tung (dead) - Cumbrish tung (dead) - Breton tung - Ivernish tung (dead)
Other: Pictish tung (dead) - Shelta - Beurla Reagaird(craftspeech)
Balt-Slavish tungs Slavish tungs:
East Slavish tungs: Russish tung - Borderish tung - White Russish tung
West Slavish tungs: Slesish tung - Polish tung - Bohemish tung (a.k.a Checklandish Tung) - Slovakish tung - Kashubish tung
South Slavish tungs: Serb-Croatish (Serbish tung - Blackbarrowish tung - Bosnish tung - Croatish tung) - Bulgarish tung - Macedonish tung - Slovenish tung

Baltish tungs: Lithuish tung - Lettish tung - Old Prussish (dead) - Kurish
Italish tungs Sabellish tungs (dead): Oscish tung - Old Venetish - Umbrish tung


Latish-Faliscish tungs (dead):
Latish (Folklatish) - Faliscish tung
Romanish tungs: Italish-Western tungs:
Italish-Damatalish: Damatalish tung (dead) - Istriotish tung - Tuscish tung - Venetish tung - Corsicish tung - Sassarish tung - Sicilish tung - Neapolish tung - Italish tung
Western-Romenish tungs: Gaulish-Romanish (Old French tung - Middle French tung - French tung - Picardish tung - Wallonish tung - Normandish tung (Angle-Normandish) - Burgundish tung (Romanish) - Arpitish tung - Savoyardish tung - Gallosk tung - Romansh tung - Occitsh tung - Catalandish tung - Piedmontish tung - Ligurish tung - Lombardish tung (Romanish)) | Iberish (Spanish tung - Aragonish tung - Galicish tung - Leonish tung - Mirandish tung - Falash tung - Portugalish tung - Mozarabish tung (dead) - Sephardish tung)
Eastern-Romanish tungs: Romeenish tung - Arromeenish tung - Sardinish tung

Greekish tungs Greekish tung - Grikosh Tung - Tsakonish tung - Pontish tung - Yevanish tung - Cappadocish Greekish - Calabrish tung
Tocharish tungs (dead) Turfanish tung - Kucheish tung - Kröanish
Anatolish tungs (dead) Hittish - Lydiash - Luish - Lycish - Palaish
Indo-Iranish tungs Indo-Aryish: (Hindlandish offshoots: Hindish tung - Urdu tung) - Bengalish tung - Roma tung - Punjabish tung


Iranish: Balochish tung - Pashto tung - Persish tung - Kurdish tung

Other Indo-Europish Albanish tung - Armenish tung - Dacish tung (dead) - Illyrish tungs (dead) - Old Ligurish tung (dead) - Phrygish tung (dead) - Thracish tung (dead)
Other tungs:
Semitish tungs Amharish tung - Arabish tung - Aramaish tung - Hebrew tung - Akkadish tung (dead) - Assyrish tung
Ulgarish tungs Estish tung - Finnish tung - Ungarish tung - Sami tungs - Livonish tung
Turkish tungs Oghuz: Mickleyard Turkish tung - Azerish tung - Turkmen tung - Urum tung - Gagauz tung - Qashqai tung - Khorasani tung - Salar tung

Karluk: Uzbek tung - Uyghur tung - Ili Turki tung - Chagatai tung (dead) - Karakhanid tung (dead)

Khalaj: Khalaj tung

Oghur: Chuvash tung - Turkish Bulgar tung (dead) - Khazar tung? (dead) - Hunnic tung? (dead) - Avar tung? (dead)

Siberish: Sakha tung - Tuvish tung - Altai tung - Dolgan tung - Tofa tung - Khakas tung - Fuyu Kyrgyz - Shor tung - Western Yugur tung - Chulym tung

Kipchak: Kazakh tung - Kyrgyz tung - Tatar tung - Krimlandish Tatar tung - Bashkir tung - Karachay-Balkar tung - Kumyk tung - Karaim tung - Krymchak tung - Urum tung - Cuman tung (dead) - Karakalpak tung - Siberish Tatar tung - Nogai tung - Fergana Kipchak tung

Japonish tungs Japanish tung - Ryukyu tungs (moot)
Mongolish tungs Khalkha tung - Buryat tung - Oirat tung - Moghol tung - Dagur tung - Ordos tung
Austronesish tungs Philippine: Philipslandish tung - Yami tung - Ivatan tung - Ilocano tung - Ibanag tung - Gaddang tung - Pangasinan tung - Kapampangan tung - Sidefolkish tung - Waray tung - Hiligaynon tung - Asi tung - Romblomanon tung - Onhan tung - Kinaray-a tung - Aklanon tung - Cebuano tung - Tausug tung - Maranao tung - Tboli tung - Tombulu tung - Sangirish tung - Gorontalo tung - Mongondow tung

Malayish: Malay tung - Indonesish tung - Menterap tung - Iban tung - Remun tung - Mualang tung - Seberuang tung - Sebuyau tung - Kendayan tung - Keninjal tung - Bamayo tung - Urak Lawoi tung - Minangkabau tung - Banjarish tung - Betawi tung

Polynesish: Tongish tung - Niuafoou tung - Niuish tung - Wallisish tung - Futunish tung - Pukapukish tung - Rennellish tung - Tikopish tung - West Uveish - Futuna-Aniwa tung - Mele-Fila tung - Emae tung - Anuta tung - Samoish tung - Tokelauish tung - Tuvaluish tung - Nukuoro tung - Kapingamarangi tung - Nukurish tung (dead?) - Takuu tung - Nukumanu tung - Ontong Java tung - Sikaiana tung - Vaeakau-Taumako tung - Rapa Nuish tung - Marquesish tung - Mangareva tung - Firelandish tung - Tahitish tung - Austral tung - Rapa tung - Taumotuish tung - Rarotongish tung - Rakahanga-Manihiki tung - Penrhyn tung - Maorish tung - Moriori tung (dead)

Sinitish-Tibetish tungs Sinitish: Chinish tung

Tibetish-Burmish: Burmish tung - Tibetish tung - Dzongkha tung - Gongduk tung - Lhokpu tung - Olekha tung - Lepcha tung - Sharchop tung - Pyu tung (dead) - Meitei tung - Karbi tung - Tujia tung - Puroik tung

Niger-Congo tungs Swahilish tung - Wolof tung - Yorubish tung - Igbo tung - Xhosa tung - Zulu tung
Koreish tungs Koreish tung - Jeju tung (moot)
Kra-Dai tungs Thai tung - Lao tung - Ahom tung (dead)
Austroasiatish tungs Vietnamish tung - Khmer tung
Forbinded Tungs Papiamento tung - Loudwyeland French - Haitish French
Lone tungs Baskish tung - Ainu tung
Other Cherokee tung - Coptish tung - Canaman Folktung - Esperantish tung (crafted) - Etruscish tung (dead) - Folkspraak tung (crafted) - Greenlandish tung - Georgeish tung - Klingon (crafted) - Laadanish tung (crafted) - Lakotish tung
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