1. In the days when the deemsters oversaw, there was a hunger in the land, and a man of Bethlehem in Judah went to stay in the kith of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons.
2. The name of the man was Elimelech and the name of his wife Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem in Judah. They went into the kith of Moab and stayed there.
3. But Elimelech, the husband of Naomi, died, and she was left with her two sons.
4. These took Moabish wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth. They lived there about ten years,
5. and both Mahlon and Chilion died, so that the woman was left without her two sons and her husband.
6. Then she arose with her daughters-in-law to come back from the kith of Moab, for she had heard in the fields of Moab that the LORD had besought his folk and given them food.
7. So she set out from the stead where she was with her two daughters-in-law, and they went on the way to come back to the land of Judah.
8. But Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go, come back each of you to her mother's house. May the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead and with me.
9. The LORD bestow that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband!" Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their pipes and wept.
10. And they said to her, "No, we will come back with you to your folk."
11. But Naomi said, "Wend back, my daughters; why will ye go with me? Have I yet sons in my womb that they may become your husbands?
12. Wend back, my daughters; go your way, for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, even if I should have a husband this night and should bear sons,
13. would ye therefore bide till they were grown? Would you therefore forbear from wedding? No, my daughters, for it is overly bitter to me for your sake that the hand of the LORD hath gone out against me."
14. Then they lifted up their pipes and wept again. And Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.
15. And she said, "See, thy sister-in-law has gone back to her folk and to her gods; come back after thy sister-in-law."
16. But Ruth said, "Do not bid me leave thee or come back from following thee. For whither thou goest I will go, and where thou dwellest I will dwell. Thy folk shall be my folk, and thy God my God.
17. Where thou diest I will die, and there will I be buried. May the LORD do so to me and more also if anything but death splits me from thee."
18. And when Naomi saw that she was steadfast to go with her, she said no more.
19. So the two of them went on until they came to Bethlehem. And when they came to Bethlehem, the whole town was stirred owing to them. And the women said, "Is this Naomi?"
20. She said to them, "Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt highly bitterly with me.
21. I went away full, and the LORD has brought me back empty. Why call me Naomi, when the LORD has witnessed against me and the Almighty has brought reck upon me?"
22. So Naomi came back, and Ruth the Moabite her daughter-in-law with her, who came back from the kith of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.
1. Now Naomi had a kin of her husband's, a worthy man of the household of Elimelech, whose name was Boaz.
2. And Ruth the Moabite said to Naomi, "Let me go to the field and gather among the ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find est." And she said to her, "Go, my daughter."
3. So she set out and went and gathered in the field after the reapers, and she happened to come to the share of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the household of Elimelech.
4. And behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem. And he said to the reapers, "The LORD be with you!" And they answered, "The LORD bless you."
5. Then Boaz said to his young man who was in headship of the reapers, "Whose young woman is this?"
6. And the bondman who was in headship of the reapers answered, "She is the young Moabite woman, who came back with Naomi from the kith of Moab.
7. She said, 'Prithee let me gain and gather among the sheaves after the reapers.' So she came, and she has gone on from early morning until now, but for a short rest."
8. Then Boaz said to Ruth, "Now, listen, my daughter, do not go to gather in another field or leave this one, but keep near my young women.
9. Let your eyes be on the field that they are reaping, and go after them. Have I not bidden the young men not to handle you? And when you are thirsty, go to the vats and drink what the young men have drawn."
10. Then she fell on her mug, bowing to the ground, and said to him, "Why have I found est in your eyes, that you should heed me, since I am an outlander?"
11. But Boaz answered her, "All that you have done for your mother-in-law since the death of your husband has been fully told to me, and how you left your father and mother and your homeborn land and came to a folk that you did not know before.
12. The LORD gainyield you back for what you have done, and a full meed be given you by the LORD, the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to take haven!"
13. Then she said, "I have found est in your eyes, my lord, for you have frofored me and spoken kindly to your maid, though I am not one of your maids."
14. And at mealtime Boaz said to her, "Come here and eat some bread and dip your breakdeal in the wine." So she sat beside the reapers, and he overtook to her roasted corn. And she ate until she was slaked, and she had some left over.
15. When she rose to gather, Boaz taught his young men, saying, "Let her gather even among the sheaves, and do not upbraid her.
16. And also pull out some from the bundles for her and leave it for her to gather, and do not scold her."
17. So she gathered in the field until evening. Then she beat out what she had gathered, and it was about an ephah of barley.
18. And she took it up and went into the burg. Her mother-in-law saw what she had gathered. She also brought out and gave her what food she had left over after being slaked.
19. And her mother-in-law said to her, "Where did you gather today? And where have you worked? Blessed be the man who heeds you." So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, "The man's name with whom I worked today is Boaz."
20. And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, "May he be blessed by the LORD, whose kindness has not forsaken the living or the dead!" Naomi also said to her, "The man is a near kin of ours, one of our gainbuyers."
21. And Ruth the Moabite said, "Besides, he said to me, 'You shall keep near by my young men until they have ended all my harvest.'"
22. And Naomi said to Ruth, her daughter-in-law, "It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his young women, lest in another field you be onseted."
23. So she kept near to the young women of Boaz, gathering until the end of the barley and wheat harvests. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
1. Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, should I not seek rest for you, that it may be well with you?
2. Is not Boaz our kin, with whose young women you were? See, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor.
3. Wash therefore and anele yourself, and put on your robe and go down to the threshing floor, but do not make yourself known to the man until he has ended eating and drinking.
4. But when he lies down, watch the stead where he lies. Then go and unholster his feet and lie down, and he will tell you what to do."
5. And she answered, "All that you say I will do."
6. So she went down to the threshing floor and did like her mother-in-law had bided her.
7. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn. Then she came softly and unholstered his feet and lay down.
8. At midnight the man was startled and wended over, and behold, a woman lay at his feet!
9. He said, "Who are you?" And she answered, "I am Ruth, your maid. Spread your wings over your servant, for you are a gainbuyer."
10. And he said, "May you be blessed by the LORD, my daughter. You have made this last kindness greater than the first in that you have not gone after young men, whether arm or rich.
11. And now, my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you all that you ask, for all my fellow townsmen know that you are a worthy woman.
12. And now it is true that I am a gainbuyer. Yet there is a gainbuyer nearer than I.
13. Bide tonight, and in the morning, if he will gainbuy you, good; let him do it. But if he is not willing to gainbuy you, then, as the LORD lives, I will gainbuy you. Lie down until the morning."
14. So she lay at his feet until the morning, but arose before one could acknowledge another. And he said, "Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing floor."
15. And he said, "Bring the clothing you are wearing and hold it out." So she held it, and he meted out six metes of barley and put it on her. Then she went into the burg.
16. And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, "How did you fare, my daughter?" Then she told her all that the man had done for her,
17. saying, "These six metes of barley he gave to me, for he said to me, 'You must not go back empty-handed to your mother-in-law.'"
18. She answered, "Bide, my daughter, until you learn how the deal wends out, for the man will not rest but will settle the deal today."
1. Now Boaz had gone up to the gate and sat down there. And behold, the gainbuyer, of whom Boaz had spoken, came by. So Boaz said, "Wend aside, friend; sit down here." And he wended aside and sat down.
2. And he took ten men of the elders of the burg and said, "Sit down here." So they sat down.
3. Then he said to the gainbuyer, "Naomi, who has come back from the kith of Moab, is selling the deal of land that belonged to our kin Elimelech.
4. So I thought I would tell you of it and say, 'Buy it in the nearness of those sitting here and in the nearness of the elders of my folk.' If you will gainbuy it, gainbuy it. But if you will not, tell me, that I may know, for there is no one besides you to gainbuy it, and I come after you." And he said, "I will gainbuy it."
5. Then Boaz said, "The day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you also get Ruth the Moabite, the widow of the dead, that to keep on the name of the dead in his birthright."
6. Then the gainbuyer said, "I cannot gainbuy it for myself, lest I harm my own birthright. Take my right of gainbuying yourself, for I cannot gainbuy it."
7. Now this was the folkway in former times in Israel about gainbuying and swaping: to make fast a throughdeed, the one drew off his shoe and gave it to the other, and this was the folkway of witnessing in Israel.
8. So when the gainbuyer said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself," he drew off his shoe.
9. Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, "You are witnesses this day that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and to Mahlon.
10. Also Ruth the Moabite, the widow of Mahlon, I have bought to be my wife, to keep on the name of the dead in his birthright, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his homeborn stead. You are witnesses this day."
11. Then all the folk who were at the gate and the elders said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. May you act worthily in Ephrathah and be nameknown in Bethlehem,
12. and may your house be like the house of Perez, whom Tamar bore to Judah, owing to the offspring that the LORD will give you by this young woman."
13. So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and the LORD gave her bearing, and she bore a son.
14. Then the women said to Naomi, "Blessed be the LORD, who has not left you this day without a gainbuyer, and may his name be nameknown in Israel!
15. He shall be to you a againnewer of life and a helper of your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who is more to you than seven sons, has given birth to him."
16. Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her lap and became his carer.
17. And the women of the neighborhood gave him a name, saying, "A son has been born to Naomi." They named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.
18. Now these are the broods of Perez: Perez fathered Hezron,
19. Hezron fathered Ram, Ram fathered Amminadab,
20. Amminadab fathered Nahshon, Nahshon fathered Salmon,
21. Salmon fathered Boaz, Boaz fathered Obed,
22. Obed fathered Jesse, and Jesse fathered David.