|Kingdom of Sweden|
"För Sverige – i tiden
For Sweden – With the Times
Du gamla. Du fria
Thou olden. Thou free
- Carl XVI Gustaf
- Urban Ahlin
- Stefan Löfven
- in full
57.0 / mile²
|Full Homeland Output
- In full
- By fellow
|Yield||Swedish krona (SEK)|
Sweden (Swedish: Sverige, Mean English: Sweden), revely known as the Kingdom of Sweden, is an ethel in northern Eveland which sits on the Shedenay headland. It is hemmed by the sea to the east and south, by Norway to the west and by Finnland in the east and northeast. It is linked to Denmark by the Earsound Bridge. By land, it is the third-largest ethel in the Europish Moot, and has a ledescore of 9.9 micklered. Sweden has thus a rather low huddlemete of only 21 for every flat thm. Most of the folk live in the southern half of the land, and around 85% live in mickleboroughs.
Theedish folk have lived in Sweden for thousands of years, in yorelore as the Geats and Swedes, making up an ilk known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is mostly for earth-tilling, while the north is heavily wooded. Though of a northern loftlay, the weather in Sweden is mild, and as it is near to the sea it is blissed by warm summers. Today, Sweden is a law-bound kingship and a folkrich. It's reving body (known as the Riksdag, or Richesday) is in Stockholm.
Sweden came forth as a self-steered and oned land under the middle-eld. In the H16th, it grew its landhold to shape the Swedish great-rich, which became one of the main mights of Europe for a hundred years. Swedish landholds outside Scandish headland were dealwise lost under the H17th and H18th, ending with the gaining of today's Finnland by Russland in 1809. The last war Sweden dealnimmed was in 1814, when they overwon Norway into a band under the Swedish king. Ever since, Sweden has been at frith, never siding with other lands against others. The faying with Norway was frithfully loosened in 1905, leading to Sweden's nowa borders. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden banded the Europish Moot on Afteryule 1 1995, but shunned banding with NATO, as well as the Eurozone.
The ordly name of Sweden is Sverige, a binding of the words Sve and Rige, which comes from Old Norse Sviariki.
In Old English, the name for Sweden was Sweoland or Sweorice (Sweeland and Sweerich). And Swedish folk were known as Swēoðēod/Swēoþēod (Sweetheed, "Swedish folk"), which came from the earlier word Swēon (morefold Swēon). The Old Norse and Old Swedish kinwords were Svíar which came from Ortheedish *swihô or *sweba ("free") or *geswion ("kinsman").
Today's folkname Swede came to English from the Middle Saxish Swêde in the 1610's, itself from an earlier Old Saxish name akin to the Old English Swēoþēod.
The ethel name Sweden came to English from Lower Scottish (Swethin, Swadne) through the Mid-Netherlandish Zweden in the 1600's. Beforehand, the English the name for the ethel was Swedeland.
Sweden is first cwided in Germania by Tacitus in AD 98. He talks of the Swedes being a mighty folk, known not only for their weapons and men, but for their mighty fleets of longships. In the H5th Jordanes names two folks living in Scandland, both of which are now thought to be the Swedes' forebearers: The Suetidi and Suehans. He talks of the Suetidi and Dani as being of the same stock and the tallest of folks, and he later says of other Scandish folks. The Suehans were known to the Romish world as crafters of fox skins, and had swith fine horses. The yorelore Icelandish teller Snorri Sturluson wrote that the Swedish king Adils had the finest horses of his day.
The Swedish viking eld lasted roughly from the H7th to the H10th. It is believed that Swedish vikings and Gutar mainly fared east and south: to Finland, the Baltish lands, Russland, Ruswhite, Ukraine, and the Black Sea, even as far as Baghdad. They sailed along the Dnieper, south to Constantinople, which they raided many times. The Byzantish highking saw their great skills in war, and so belet them to work for him as his wardens, then known as the Varangish wardens. The Swedish vikings, called Rus are believed to be the ording fathers of the Kievish Rus'. The Arabish wayfarer Ibn Fadlan talks of these vikings as follows: "I have seen the Rus as they came on their trading fares and set up their lair near the Volga. I have never seen any more better shaped things, tall as date palms, fair-haired and ruddy; they wear neither tunics nor caftans, but the men wear clothing which is over one side of the body and leaves a hand free. Each man has an axe, a sword, and a knife, and keeps each by him at all times. The swords are broad and grooved, of Frankish kind".
The doings of these Swedish vikings are written down on many runestones in Sweden, such as the Greekland and Varangish runestones. There was also great dealnimming in the outings westwards, which are in carved such as in the England runestones. The last great Swedish viking outing seems to have been the wandriven outing of Ingvar the Far-farer to Serkland, the land south-east of the Caspish Sea. The farers are bethought on the Ingvar runestones, none of which name any overlivers. What happened to the band is unknown, but it is thought they died of sickness.
The Kingdom of Sweden
It is not known when of how the Kingdom of Sweden was born, but the list of Swedish kings is drawn from the first kings known to have wielded both Svealand (true Sweden) and Geatland as one ethel, beginning with Eric the Winner. Sweden and Geatland were two shedded lands long back into yorelore. It is not known how old they were: the great tale Beowulf talks of Swedish-Geatish in the H5h from folktales. "Geatland" hencewise is both the lands of East Geatland and West Geatland. The iland of Gotland was by then strided over other than by the Swedes, also the Danish, and the Hansa. Smalland did at this time not get much onget from anyone for its deep pine woods, and only the borough of Kalmar with its burgh was noteworthy. The south-west deals of the Scandish headland was made up of three Danish underlands: Scanland, Blekinge and Halland. North of Halland, Denmark shared a brim with Norway and their underland of Bohuslän. There were Swedish settlings on along the seabrims of Finnland and Northland of nowtide.