Welwyn Garden Stead Edit
Welwyn Garden Stead (/ˈwɛlɪn/ WEL-in) (Norman English: Welwyn Garden City) is a town in Hertfordshire, England. It stands roughly 20 miles (32 km) from Kings Cross, London. Welwyn Garden Stead was the twoth garden stead in England (begotten in 1920) and one of the first new towns (marked in 1948).
It is one of a kind in being both a garden stead and a new town and shows by deed the bodily, theedly and couthly layout beliefs of the elds in which it was built.
Welwyn Garden stead was begotten by Hare Ebenezer Howard in 1920 following his last fanding in Letchworth Garden Stead. Howard had called for the shaping of laid-out towns that were to bind the fremes of the town and the fieldswathe and to shun the drawbacks of both. The Garden Steads and Town Layout Fellowship (Norman English: Garden Cities and Town Planning Association) had marked a garden stead as
"a town forethought for healthy living and bulkbuilding of a size that makes easy a full deal of thedely life but not larger, inringed by a fieldswathely belt; the whole of the land being in meanly ownership, or held in fastkeeping for the meanship"
In 1919, Howard settled the buying of land in Hertfordshire that had already been seen as a fitting site. On 29 Eastermonth 1920 a business, Welwyn Garden City Limited, was shaped to forethink and build the garden stead, headed by Hare Theodore Chambers. Louis de Soissons was marked as buiding-forethinker and town forethinker, C.B Purdom as geld headsteerer and Frederic Osborn as inwriter. The first house became lived in just before Yule 1920.
The town is laid out along tree-lined roads with a new-Georgian town kernel. It has its own lifewordly shield laws, the Handling Outline for Welwyn Garden Stead (Norman English: Scheme of Management for Welwyn Garden City). Every road has a wide grass edge. The spine of the town is Parkway, a kernel of shops or bildly greenswathe, almost a mile long. The sight along Parkway to the south was once betold as one of the world's best townly outlooks. Older houses are on the west side of Parkway and newer houses on the east side.
The firstmost forethinkers willed that all the dwellers of the garden city would shop in one shop and begot the Welwyn Stores, a one-grip which begot some neighbourly bitterness. Businessly thringmights have since led to much more cheapbedes and buykinds, and the Welwyn Stores were in 1984 taken over by the John Lewis Mateship (Norman English: John Lewis Partnership).
In 1948, Welwyn Garden Stead was marked a new town under the New Towns Lawdeed 1946 (Norman English: New Towns Act 1946) and the Welwyn Garden Stead business handed its belongings to the Welwyn Garden Stead Fostering Bodyship (Norman English: Welwyn Garden City Development Corporation). Louis de Soissons stayed as its forethinking knowman. That year The Times likened Welwyn Garden Stead with Hatfield. It betold Welwyn Garden stead as a world-nameknown nowtide new town fostered as a fanding in meanship shaping and Hatfield as an unshaped thorpe begotten by scattered building in the open fieldswathes. "Welwyn, though far from flawless, made the New Towns Lawdeed doable, whereas as Hatfield, by its flaws, made it needful." In 1966, the Fostering Bodyship was wound up and handed over to the Reevebody for New Towns (Norman English: Commission for New Towns). The housing stock, neighbourhood shopping and greenswathes were passed to the Welwyn Hatfield Boroughmoot between 1978 and 1983.
A shophall, the Howard Building, was built in the 1980s, inholding the firstmost tugstead.
There is a new growth of indrawness in the lifesight of the garden town and the kind of neighbourhood and mean put forward by Howard, led by the worries of townly and fieldswathely growth and the heft of upholdness in lawmoot deeddraft.
Roman baths are forlasted in a steel whalf underneath roadmeeting 6 of the A1(M) and are open to sightseers.
The neighbourhood mean fellowship, which aims to forlast and orhold the garden city lifesight, is the Welwyn Garden Stead Fellowship (Norman English: Welwyn Garden City Society).
Welwyn Garden Stead had a befolking of 46,619 in 2011, and 51,735 (guessing) in 2016.
Welwyn Garden Stead is a deal of the Welwyn Hatfield Borough and is made up of seven neighbouring headship wards. It is in Hertfordshire and the lawmoot polldeal of Welwyn Hatfield. The Lawmoot Lawmaker (Norman English: Member of Parliament) for Welwyn Hatfield is Grant Shapps (Unswaying Flock). The nearby town of Hatfield and the thorpe of Welwyn have bedeshiremoots with capped deedrights, but Welwyn Garden Stead has none, although it had one between 1921 and 1927.
Folkwains are behefted by Arriva Shires & Essex, Centrebus and Uno, with some help from Hertfordshire Shiremoot. Arriva's 300/301 Centraline theening links Welwyn Garden Stead to the great nearby towns of Stevenage, Hatfield, St Albans and Hemel Hempstead, as well as neighbouring thorpes Woolmer Green and Knebworth. The 301 also links both the nearby sickhouses in Stevenage and Welwyn Garden Stead, while the 300 behefts a straight link to lifefun steads such as Stanborough Meres in Welwyn Garden City and Verulamium Romish town in St Albans. Theening 314 is behefted by Centrebus, linking Welwyn to Codicote and Hitchin. The folkwainstead is close to the tugstead.
Uno folkwains theen the nearby towns of Hatfield, St Albans, Potters Bar, Hemel Hempstead, Watford and Barnet. Uno folkwains also theen further out into North London. Both the 601 and 653 also beheft links to Hertfordshire Highlorestead.
Green Line folkwainway 724 runs a theening from Welwyn Garden Stead to Heathrow Lofthaven, stopping at stops such as Watford and Rickmansworth.
The tugstead is in the town centre. Tugs are run by Great Northern and run south to London King's Cross and London Moorgate and north to Stevenage, Hitchin, Cambridge and Peterborough.
Welwyn Garden Stead is well-theened by great wideroads, namely the A1(M) and the A414. The Great North Road also overtakes it next to the A1(M). Moreover, there are other links to St Albans, Harpenden and Luton (by the B653), Hatfield (by the A1000 and A1001) and Hertford (by the B1000). During the growth in wain ownership in the 1950s and 1960s, the town struggled to build enough wainsheds or hard-standing plots for othermore farewains, which has led to many holdings losing their yorewise hedges and front gardens so that they may house driveways.